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92 terms

Ch. 8 Review Anatomy

Bones
STUDY
PLAY
Ankle bone
Navicular
Coxal bones
ilium, ischium, pubis
Longest & heaviest bone in body
femur
only direct connection between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton
clavicle articulates with the manubrium
Talus contacts the...
calcaneus and navicular
Not a characteristic of male pelvis
angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees
structure labeled 2
greater trochanter
Articulates with acetabulum
5: femoral head
The ________ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.
styloid process
Tom stumbles and injures his hallux. What part of his anatomy is injured?
his foot
largest component coxal bone
ilium
bones that form the palm
metacarpals
clavicle articulates with the scapula at the
acromion
not a component of the appendicular skeleton?
None of the above
Compared to the hand, the foot
has fewer metatarsals than the hand has metacarpals.
Greater sciatic notch is a feature on the
ischium
Not a part of the pelvis
lumbar vertebrae
most commonly fractured in a fall
navicular
sacrum articulates with
ilium
hip muscles attach posteriorly to the femur
greater trochanter
bones named for wedge shape
8 - cuneiform
structure labeled 1
coracoid process
diaphysis of femur
7 - shaft
lateral border of the shaft of the humerus
deltoid tuberosity
medial bulge at your ankle is projection from
tibia
Lateral to the coronoid process, the radial ________ accommodates the head of the radius in the
radio-ulnar joint.
notch
Not part of appendicular skeleton
sacrum
where humerus is most often fractured
6 - neck
longest bone
femur
first toe
hallux
The pubic and ischial rami encircle the
obturator foramen
not formed by the fusion of several bones?
femur
The clavicle articulates with the scapula
distally with the acromial process and proximally with the manubrium.
The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the
carpals
largest bone of the lower limb
femur
Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscl
iliac spines
which is the acromion
5 - acromion
Which of the following is not a developmentally controlled process?
bone remodeling
Compared to the male skeleton, the female skeleton
has a greater angle inferior to the pubic symphysis and/has a smaller average cranium.
This skeleton is probably from
a young male
Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?
clavicles and scapulae
Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?
relatively weak joints
Which structure articulates with the glenoid cavity?
5 - head
bones labeled "9."
metatarsals
The bones that form the fingers are the
phalanges
closest to the jugular notch
proximal end of clavicle
What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?
femur
The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?
scapula and humerus
On which bone does the tibia press?
2
Carpus
8
Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?
greater tubercle
Each hand has ________ phalangeal bones.
14
structure labeled "9."
medial epicondyle
There are ________ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ________ rows of bones in the
wrist.
8;2
structure labeled "2."
glenoid cavity
Which structure does the radius rotate upon?
3
When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the
ischial tuberosities
The tarsus contains ________ bones.
7
The radius articulates with the 59
all of the above
Identify the bone labeled "1."
calcaneus
Which of the following is not a lower limb bone?
fibia
Identify the structure labeled "12."
linea aspera
The pelvic organs are mostly found within the
iliac fossa
The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the
pelvis
The lateral malleolus is found on the
fibula
What bone articulates on the structure labeled "2"?
humerus
Which of the following are correct terms for the
borders?
superior and lateral border
A male has a ________ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet.
smaller
The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?
calcaneus
The distal end of the tibia articulates with the
talus
In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ________ to the radius.
medial
Which of these surface features does the ulna possess?
all of the above
Which of the following is the heel bone?
calcaneus
The hand has 15 phalangeal bones; the foot has 14 phalangeal bones.
false;true
Study of human skeletons can reveal information concerning the person's
all of the above
The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is
the
iliac crest
The clavicle articulates with the scapula
distally with the acromion.
The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot. A
problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?
weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals
When the arm is straight, which structure accepts the olecranon?
8
Which of the following is a not characteristic of the female pelvis?
coccyx points anteriorly
Which of the following is not an upper limb bone?
metatarsals
The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle.
scapula
a forearm bone?
radius
Each one of the coxal bones is formed by the fusion of ________ bones.
3
The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the
olecranon fossa
When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the
distal metarsals and calcaneus
The weight of the body is supported by the
distal metarsals and calcaneus.
Which of these is not one of the boundaries of the pelvic outlet?
iliac crest
Identify the structure labeled "7."
spine
The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ________ by the interosseous membrane.
tibia
Identify the structure labeled "3."
lateral condyle
Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone. What part of her body was injured?
wrist