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7th Edition


To withdraw protection or support; in medicine, to discountinue medical care without proper notice after accepting a patient.


The formal action of a legislative body; a decision or determination of a sovereign state, a legislative council, or a court of justice.


A statement by a party to a legal action of what the party undertakes to prove; an assertion made without proof


A legal proceeding by which a case is brought before a higher court for review of the decision of a lower court


having the power to review the judgment of another tribunal or body of jurisdiction, such as an appellate court.


The hearing and determination of a cause in controversy by a person or persons either chosen by the parties involved or appointed under statutory authority


A neutral person chosen to settle differences between two parties in a controversy


An intentional, unlawful attempt of bodily injury to another by force


to agree to something especially after thoughtful consideration


An officer of some U.S. courts who usually serves as a messenger or usher, who keeps order at the request of the judge


A willful and unlawful use of force or violence on the person of another

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

A coded delineation of the rules and regulations published in the Federal Register by the various departments and agencies of the federal government. The CFR is divided into 50 titles the represent broad subject areas and then chapters that provide specific detail


Occurring at the same time.

contributory negligence

statutes in some states that may prevent a party from recovering some damages if he or she contributed in any way to the injury or condition


Loss or harm resulting from injury to person, property, or reputation; compensation in money imposed by law for losses or injuries.


A legal term for a deceased person


A person required to answer in a legal action


A formal record of judicial proceedings; a list of legal cases to be tried

due process

A fundamental constitutional guarantee that all legal proceedings will be fair; that one will be given notice of the proceedings and given an opportunity to be heard before the government acts to take away life, liberty, or property; a constitutional guarantee that a law will not be unreasonable or arbitrary.

emancipated minor

A person under legal age who is self supporting and living apart from parents or guardian; a mature minor considered by the courts to possess a sufficient understanding of self-care and responsibility.

expert witnesses

People who provide testimony to a court as experts in certain fields or subjects to verify facts presented by one or both sides in a lawsuit, often compensated and used to refute or disprove the claims of one party.


A major crime, such as murder, rape, or burglary; punishable by a more stringent sentence than that given for a misdemeanor.


A sum imposed as punishment for an offense; a forfeiture or penalty paid to an injured party or the government in a civil or criminal action.

guardian ad litem

Legal representative for a minor.

implied consent

Presumed consent, such as when a patient offers an arm for a phlebotomy procedure.

informed consent

An agreement by an individual to participate in research after receiving information about the purpose of the study and the nature of the treatment.


Breaking the law; minor offenses against the rules, usually punishable by fines.


Of or relating to a judgement , the function of judging, the administration of justice, or the judiciary


A power constitutionally conferred on a judge or magistrate to decide cases according to law and to carry sentence into execution; jurisdiction is original when it is conferred on the court in the first instance, called original jurisdiction; or it is appellate when an appeal is given from the judement of another court


the science or philosophy of law


A binding custom or practice of a community; a rule of conduct or action prescribed or formally recognized as binding or enforceable by a controlling authority


Obligated according to law or equity; responsible for an act or circumstance


a written statement that unfairly or falsely harms the reputation of the person about whom it is made; to write or publish such a statement


Prone to engage in lawsuits.


something that is easily understood or recognized by the mind


A minor crime, as opposed to a felony, punishable by fine or imprisonment in the city or county jail rather than in a penitentiary.

municipal courts

Courts that sit in some cities and larger towns and that usually have civil and criminal jurisdiction over cases arising within in the municipality.


Failure to exercise the care a prudent person usually exercises; implies inattention to one's duty or business; implies want of due or necessary diligence or care


Authoritative decree or direction; law set forth by a governmental authority, specifically, municipal regulation

other potentially infectious materials (OPIM)

Substances or materials other than blood that have the potential to carry infectious pathogens, such as body fluid, urine, semen, and others.

perjured testimony

The voluntary violation of an oath or vow either by swearing to what is untrue or by omission to do what has been promised under oath; false testimony.

physician office laboratories (POLs)

Laboratories owned by a private physician or corporation, such as the laboratory inside a physician's office or a freestanding laboratory.


The person or party who brings a case to court


To surpass in rank, dignity, or importance; to be, go, or come ahead or in front of.


A person or thing that serves as a model; something done or said that may serve as an example or rule to authorize or justify a subsequent act of the same kind.

preponderance of the evidence

Evidence of greater weight or more convincing than the evidence offered in opposition to it, evidence that as a whole shows that the fact sought to be proven is more probable than not


Marked by wisdom or judiciousness; shrewd in the management of practical affairs.


The pretense of curing disease.

reasonable doubt

Doubt based on reason and arising from evidence or lack of evidence; it is not doubt that is imagined or conjured up, but doubt that would cause reasonable persons to hesitate before acting


The mutual exchange of privileges; a recognition of one state or institution of the licenses or privileges granted by the other


A turning to someone or something for help or protection


having significant and demonstrable bearing on the matter at hand


The person required to make answer in a civil legal action or suit; similar to a defendant in a criminal trial.


Oral defamation; a harmful, false statement made about another person


Laws enacted by the legislative branch of a government.


To specify as a condition or requirement of an agreement or offer; to make an agreement or covenant to do or forbear from doing something


A writ ordering or document ordering a person to attend a court

subpoena duces tecum

A legally binding request to appear in court and provide records or documents that pertain to a particular case.


a solemn declaration usually made orally by a witness under oath in response to interrogation by a lawyer or authorized public official

Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)

A unified set or rules covering many business transactions; it has been adopted n all the states, the District of Columbia, and most U.S. territories. It regulates the fields of sales of goods; commercial paper, such as checks; secured transactions in personal property; and particular aspects of banking, letters of credit, warehouse receipts, bills of lading, and investment securities.


the finding or decision of a jury on the matter submitted to it in trial

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