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Renaissance Lit

Renaissance Lit study for reed's class final exam
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humanism
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
renaissance
The great period of rebirth in art, literature, and learning in the 14th-16th centuries, which marked the transition into the modern periods of European history
Andreas Vesalius
physician who published the first accurate and detailed study of human anatomy
Nicholas copernicus
Wrote On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres; Pioneered theory that the earth revolves around the sun; Destroyed the impression that the earthly world was different from the heavenly world; Condemned by Calvin, Luther, and the Catholic Church; Had his book published in 1543, the year of his death, to avoid ridicule from other astronomers
leonardo da vinci
epitome of Renaissance man, Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect
Desiderius Erasmus
Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe
The Reformation
the movement which sought to reform certain corrupt practices of the Catholic Church and which led to Protestantism.
Giovanni Boccaccio
wrote the decameron, He was an Italian writer and was the first Renaissance humanist. In 1300s, he discovered letters written by Roman politicians and books writtn by Greek philosophers. He said that writers should use an easily understood style.
Niccolo Machiavelli
(1469-1527) Wrote The Prince which contained a secular method of ruling a country. "End justifies the means."
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
Francesco Petrarca
an Italian poet famous for love lyrics (1304-1374), one of the first to sue the sonnet, wrote about Laura
Gargantua and Pantagruel
François Rabelais
The Decameron
collection of stories grouped loosely within a frame story about 10 young Florentines who have fled to a country villa in the hills while the plague in the hills
Don Quixote
made ot make fun of knights in popular romances
Sancho Panza
Don Quixote's sidekick
Miguel De Cervantes
Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)
The Essays
written by Michel de Montaigne during his retirement