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31 terms

HISTORY ALIVE! 6TH GRADE UNIT 1 TEST

CHAPTER 1, 3, 4, 5, AND 6
STUDY
PLAY
SOCIAL SCIENTISTS
ARCHEOLOGIST, HISTORIAN, AND GEOGRAPHER
ARCHEOLOGIST
SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT STUDIES ARTIFACTS FROM THE PAST (DIG)
HISTORIAN
SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT RECORDS THE PAST AND STUDIES DOCUMENTS
GEOGRAPHER
SOCIAL SCIENTIST THAT STUDIES NATURAL FEATURES AND MAPS THE PAST
IMPORTANCE OF CAVE PAINTINGS
TELL STORIES OR INFORMATION ON HOW THINGS WERE DONE IN PALEOLITHIC AGE
CAVE PAINTINGS SHOW...
- ANIMALS THAT ROAMED THE EARTH
- HOW PEOPLE HUNTED
- WHAT PEOPLE BELIEVED
- RITUALS
HOW CAVE PAINTINGS WERE CREATED
- USED SHARPENED STONES TO SCULPT AND ENGRAVE
-MADE PAINTS BY GRINDING COLORED MINERALS INTO POWDER AND MIXING WITH ANIMAL FAT
OTHER ARTIFACTS FOUND THAT PROVIDED CLUES ABOUT THE PAST
- SPEAR THROWER - USED FOR HUNTING; DECORATION MAY SHOW GOOD LUCK CHARM OR WHO OWNED IT
- CLAY SCULPTURE - MAY SHOW THAT WHO CAVE BELONGED TO OR IMPORTANT CEREMONY HELD IN CAVE
WHERE STONE AGE GETS ITS NAME
FROM THE TOOLS PEOPLE MADE OF STONE
STONE AGE STARTED
ABOUT 2 MILLION YEARS AGO
TWO PERIODS OF STONE AGE
PALEOLITHIC AND NEOLITHIC
TIME PERIOD OF PALEOLITHIC - OLD STONE AGE
2 MILLION YEARS AGO - ABOUT 8000 B.C.E.
TIME PERIOD OF NEOLITHIC - NEW STONE AGE
ABOUT 8000 B.C.E. - 3000 B.C.E.
FARMING DURING THE PALEOLITHIC AGE
- DIDN'T EXIST
- THEY WERE HUNTERS AND GATHERERS
- BEGAN IN NEOLITHIC AGE
LIFE DURING PALEOLITHIC AGE
- MADE TOOLS OUT OF STONE
- HUNTED/GATHERED
- LIVED IN CAVES
- DIDN'T STAY IN ONE PLACE FOR LONG
LIFE DURING NEOLITHIC AGE
- GROUPS OF PEOPLE RAISED ANIMALS AND CROPS FOR FOOD
- BUILT PERMANENT SHELTERS AND FORMED LARGER COMMUNITIES
STARTED THE NEOLITHIC AGE
FARMING
ENDED THE NEOLITHIC AGE
DEVELOPMENT OF METAL TOOLS
MAJOR DEVELOPMENT/DISCOVERY THAT CAUSED THE CHANGE FROM PALEOLITHIC TO NEOLITHIC
- AGRICULTURE - LEARNING TO RAISE CROPS AND DOMESTICATE ANIMALS
WHY FARMING IS IMPORTANT AND HOW IT HAPPENED
- CREATED STABLE FOOD SUPPLY
- GRADUALLY LEARNED TO RAISE ANIMALS AND PLANT CROPS
LOCATION OF NEOLITHIC SETTLEMENTS
MANY LOCATED EAST OF MEDITERRANEAN SEA
NEOLITHIC AGE - STABLE FOOD SUPPLY
- DOMESTICATED ANIMALS - USED FOR MILK, MEAT, AND WORK
- GROWING CROPS - LEARNED WHICH SEEDS PRODUCED MOST CROPS WHERE THEY LIVED
NEOLITHIC AGE - PERMANENT SHELTERS
- MUD BRICKS TO BUILD ROUND OR RECTANGULAR HOUSES
- STONES/TREE BRANCHES TO STRENGTHEN WALLS AND ROOF
- OPENINGS HIGH IN THE WALLS
NEOLITHIC AGE - COMMUNITIES
- SETTLED DOWN NEAR FARMS
- DIVIDED WORK OF PRODUCING FOOD, BUILDING HOUSES, AND MAKING TOOLS
NEOLITHIC AGE - NEW JOBS
- ABLE TO DEVELOP MORE SPECIALIZED SKILLS SINCE FARMS PROVIDED FOOD
- WANTED TO MAKE THINGS MORE BEAUTIFUL, NOT JUST SURVIVE
- BECAME MORE SKILLED AND DEVELOPED NEW AND BETTER WAY OF DOING THINGS
NEOLITHIC AGE - TRADING
- WANTED MATERIALS TO IMPROVE THINGS THEY MADE
- TRAVELED HUNDREDS OF MILES
- MAKE USE OF MORE RESOURCES AND SPREAD IDEAS/KNOWLEDGE AROUND ANCIENT WORLD
SUMERIAN IRRIGATION SYSTEM
- BUILT EARTH WALLS CALLED LEVEES
- POKED HOLES TO RELEASE WATER
SUMERIAN GOVERNMENT
- LED BY KINGS
- MADE THEIR PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THE KINGS WERE CHOSEN BY THE GODS OR ARE GODS
SUMERIAN RELIGION
...
CONNECTION BETWEEN SUMERIAN GOV'T AND RELIGION
- KINGS MADE THEIR PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THEY WERE EITHER GODS OR CHOSEN BY THE GODS
- WAS THE KING'S DUTY TO BUILD AND MAINTAIN ZIGGURATS
ZIGGURATS
- TEMPLES AND RELIGIOUS TOWERS BUILT BY SUMERIANS FOR THE GODS

OR

- AN ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN TEMPLE TOWER