Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute
aimed to equip African Americans with teaching diplomas and useful skills in agriculture, domestic, or mechanical work.
1st black to earn P.h.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910
Founded by W.E.B. DuBois in 1905 to promote the education of African Americans in the liberal arts.
studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)