Honors American Studies History Unit 3 Test Review
Terms in this set (82)
Farmers rebellion led by Daniel Shays against higher taxes in Massachusetts (1787)
What year did Shays Rebellion occur?
What was the Jamestown Cash Crop?
Who brought tobacco seeds to Jamestown on the hunch that they would grow well in the Virginia climate? (1612)
Articles of Confederation
Original federal constitution drafted by the Continental Congress
When were the Articles of Confederation drafted?
Ordered by Parliament, required colonists to pay a tax on all printed materials
Treaty of Paris 1763
Treaty that ended the 7 Years War, stated that the Mississippi River separated the British and Spanish territories
Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty that ended the Revolutionary war
What was the British population during the French and Indian war?
What was the French population during the French and Indian war?
What side did most Indians take at first during the French and Indian war?
What was the name of the Native American rebellion after the French and Indian War?
What body of water was the boundary between the British and Spanish claims in North America?
What is the greatest power of the Supreme Court?
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
Freedoms guaranteed to citizens
What did the Bill of Rights protect?
Who pushed for the creation of the Bill of Rights?
Led the Great Compromise, attended to constitutional convention, from Connecticut
Where was Washington's first victory in the revolutionary war?
Did Washington and the continental army fire any shots at Dorchester Heights?
Where is Dorchester Heights located?
Who originally founded the New York colony and eventually gave it to the British?
When the Dutch founded what is now called New York, what did they originally name it?
Salem Witch Trials
The plot of the novel, The Crucible, is based on what historical event?
How many people were executed during the Salem Witch Trials?
Founder of Pennsylvania, embraced the Quaker faith
King Charles II
Pennsylvania began as a debt paid to William Penn by who?
Where is Yorktown located?
When did the Battle of Yorktown take place?
Battle of Yorktown
Washington surprises Cornwallis and Arnold, traps them which leads to their eventual surrender
Where are Trenton and Princeton located?
Battle of Trenton
Washington ambushes the Hessians the day after Christmas
What river did Washington cross the night before the Battle of Trenton?
Battle of Princeton
Washington's army defeats Charles Cornwallis' troops in 1777
Who is considered to be the Father of the Constitution?
Arrived to the Constitutional Convention 11 days early, genius, favored republicanism
Who proposed the Virginia Plan?
Who proposed the New Jersey Plan?
Who was the American diplomat to France to convince them to aid us in the Revolutionary war?
True or False: The Native Americans were bribed with gifts by the British and French to pick each other's side
Where did the Battle of the Cow Pens take place?
Each enslaved person would be counted as 3/5 a person for legislative representation purposes
Elizabeth of England
Had Sir Walter Raleigh establish Roanoke, North Carolina (1st english establishment in the New World)
Document set up by the Connecticut river towns to govern, set structures and power
Defected/traitor to the British Army in 1781
What colony adopted the Fundamental Orders?
Each state had only 1 vote, had no power to raise money through taxes, depended on unreliable contributions from the states
What were some of the problems the Continental Congress had?
Who said the famous "Tree of Liberty" quote?
The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants
What is Thomas Jefferson's famous "Tree of Liberty" quite?
Land Ordinance of 1785
Designed a system for managing and settling lands in the Northwest Territory
In the Land Ordinance of 1785, what were the plots of land called?
6 square miles
How big was a township?
1 dollar per acre
How much did one section (640 acres) of a township cost?
How many senators is each state allowed to have?
Boston Tea Party
The Sons of Liberty, disguised as Native Americans, dump chests of tea into the Boston harbor
When did the Boston Tea Party occur?
Closed Boston harbor, no assemblies/meetings, British soldiers tried in England, colonists had to quarter British soldiers
What are the Intolerable Acts?
What is another name for the Intolerable Acts?
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Provided a basis for governing the Northwest Territory
Battle of Monmouth
Last major battle in the north, no clear victor
What colony was originally founded as a safe haven for Catholics?
Battle of Saratoga
What battle was a turning point in the war and convinced the French to join the Patriot cause?
What British General surrendered at Saratoga?
When did the Battle of Saratoga take place?
How many states approval was required to ratify the Constitution?
When was the Constitution ratified?
New Jersey Plan
In this plan, congress would control taxes and commerce, there would be a unicameral legislature, benefitted the smaller states
In this plan, it allowed the government to enforce taxes, one president for a 7 year term, government would have 2 houses and 3 branches (Executive, Legislature, Judicial), would benefit the larger states
When did France enter the Revolutionary War?
Which colony was first to ratify the constitution?
The Proclamation Line of 1763
What was the first act of British legislature against the US?
The Proclamation Line of 1763
Declaration from the British King ordering all colonists to remain east of the Appalachian mountains
Population of 9 million to 2.5 million, large professional army, best navy in the world, organized government, loyalists were 1/3 of America
What were the 5 British advantages in the revolutionary war?
Fighting on their own land, fighting for a cause, close to supply lines, British arrogance, large area to fight on
What were the 5 colonial advantages in the revolutionary war?
British overconfidence, lack of British adaptation to American tactics, French and Spanish allies, George Washington leadership, commitment to revolution from lower classes
What were the 5 reasons for colonial victory?
What document increased the lower classes' commitment to the revolution?
Who was the author of Common Sense?
What founding father initiated a attack in 1754 that instigated the French and Indian war?
What was the name of the major fort captured by the British in the Ohio Valley in 1758?
An agreement made by about 100 emigrants on the Mayflower, agreed to form a government and obey its laws, signed in 1620
The Dutch west India company gave the New Netherland colony to who?