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HDFS Ch 13 and 14- Phys,Cog, Emotional Development in Early Adulthood
Terms in this set (18)
What is senescence?
When does it begin?
A genetically influence decline in the functioning of organs and systems
Begins when bodily structures reach max capacity and efficiency
What are the two explanations for biological aging?
1- those that emphasize the programmed effects of specific genes
2- those that emphasize the cumulative effects of random events
How can a high fat diet hurt you?
Before puberty, it could produce fatty streak on the artery walls.
Then when you are an adult, it can lead to serious place deposits (could mean that sex hormones heighten the insults of a high-fat diet)
Role of T cells and B cells
T cells attack antigens directly
B cells secrete antibodies into blood that multiply, capture antigens, and permit blood stream to destroy them
How can exercise reduce the influence of saturated fat?
Exercise creates chemical byproducts that help eliminate cholesterol from the body.
What is William Perry's idea of epistemic cognition?
Refers to our reflections on how we arrived at facts, beliefs, and ideas
The need to justify how your approach to something and when you can't justify it, you revise your approach.
What is dualistic thinking?
In what years does this occur?
Dividing information, values, and authority into right and wrong, good and bad, we and they.
ex- Everything a professor says it right or a poet is the only one who knows the true meaning of their poetry
Occur in young adults (Freshman, sophomores)
What is relativistic thinking?
Viewing all knowledge as embedded in a framework of though
Give up the possibility of absolute truth in favor of multiple truths, each relative to context.
Thinking becomes more flexible and tolerant.
What is pragmatic thought?
When does it occur?
A structural advance in which logic becomes a tool for solving real-world problems.
Occurs in adulthood
What is cognitive-affective complexity?
Awareness of conflicting positive and negative feelings and coordination of them into a complex, organized structure, allowing you to see the uniqueness in individual experiences
Can better integrate cognition with emotion: better regulated intense emotions so that you can think rationally
What is the fantasy period of vocational development?
In early and middle childhood...
...children gain insight into career options by fantasizing about them
Preferences during this time have little relation to decision that are eventually made
What is the tentative peered of vocational development?
Between ages 11-16...
...adolescents think about careers in more complex ways: first by interested, and then in terms of abilities and values (When they become more aware of personal and educational requirements)
What is the realistic period of vocational development?
By late and early twenties....
...because economic and practical realities of adulthood are nearing, options are narrowed, exploration is done, and crystallization eventually happens
What is Erikson's conflict of early adulthood?
INITIMACY vs. ISOLATION
A young person has thoughts and feelings about making a permanent commitment to an intimate partner.
Levinson's Seasons of life theory
What is the underlying design of a person's life, according to Levinson?
Adult development is a sequence of qualitatively distinct era (Seasons) that coincide with Erikson's stages and are separated by transitions.
Design= life structure, including relationships with individuals, groups, insitutiitions
Young people construct a dream- job or family aspirations
Vaillant's theory to life
-confirmed Erikson's stages, but filled in gaps
Men's concerns were intimacy--> career --> generative--> extend generatively and pass on their culture--> spiritual and reflective
What is the "social clock"?
Age graded expectations for major life events, like getting a first job, marrying, having children, buying a home, retiring
Conformity to or deviation from cultural clock can create changes in personality, affect self-esteem, independence and responsibility
What are the three components to Sternberg's Theory of Love?
You need all three of these to create a MATURE or CONSUMMATE love
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