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AP Human Geography Political Organization of Space
Terms in this set (41)
Term applied to associations created by three or more states for their mutual benefit and achievement of shared objectives.
European Union (EU)
An association of European nations formed in 1993 for the purpose of achieving political and economic integration.
The effort to control pieces of the earth's surface for personal, political, or social ends.
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states; Self-governing; Independent.
Recognition of that power (sovereignty) by other countries.
A sense of national pride to such an extent of exalting one nation above all others.
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs (can be used interchangeably with country).
A sense of unity binding the people of a state together; culture, language, religion, ethnicity, etc.
States with very small land areas.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Control of a territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society.
Balance of Power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries.
The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within itself territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but that lies within a neighboring state.
An invisible line that marks the extent of a state's territory.
A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly.
A state whose territory is long and narrow in shape.
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory.
Any small and relatively homogenous group or region surrounded by another larger and different group or region.
A bounded territory that is part of a particular state but is separated from it by the territory of a different state.
A state (completely surrounded by the land of other states) that does not have direct outlet to the sea, which gives it a disadvantage in terms of accessibility to and from international trade routes.
A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control.
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials.
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Acts of violence, targeting civilians primarily, designed to promote a specific ideology or agenda by creating fear (or panic) and intimidation among an enemy population.
dependent territory of a country that has a degree of self-governance,
regulated European colonization and trade in Africa during the New Imperialism period.
the municipality enjoying primary status in a country, state, province, or other region, usually as its seat of government.
Governmental divisions that divide citizens.
the transition to a more democratic political regime.
the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by central government to local or regional administration.
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone )
Under the law of the sea, a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources.
the open ocean, especially that not within any country's jurisdiction.
A state that completely surrounds another state.
ethnic/national minority that does not possess its own state and is not the majority population in any nation state.
the waters under the jurisdiction of a state, especially the part of the sea within a stated distance of the shore (traditionally three miles from low-water mark).
UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea)
code of maritime law approved by the UN in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles from shore and 200 nautical mile wide exclusive economic zones.
Supranational organization with the purpose of collective security in the world.
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