Global 2 Quarterly Study Guide
Terms in this set (26)
What factors led to the rise of absolute monarchs?
Divine Right and wars
How did Spanish power rise under Charles V? Phillip II?
They had both spread Catholicism. Phillip was the better ruler though and had helped the army grow and made Spain the foremost power in Europe.
How did France build a centralized monarchy after the wars of religion?
The granted religious tolerance with the Edict of Nantes. Yet, after Louise the XIV revoked this, Protestants now had religious freedom. This made many huegnots depart from France.
Would you consider Louis XIV a successful absolute monarch? Give examples from the text to support your answer.
No I would not because the building of his palace dealt a devastating blow to the French economy.
What steps did Peter the Great take to modernize Russia?
He used ideas from the West such as fashion and culture. An example was cutting the beards off of Boyars.
How did Russia grow under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great?
Peter and Catherine both greatly helped to Influence Russia with Westernization. Yet, Catherine the Great had opened a warm water port on the Black Sea which had opened doors for a Navy and trade.
What did the English Bill of Rights mean to Parliament?
It limited the power of the monarchy and allowed Parliament to meet.
What is the main feature of a constitutional government?
Popular sovereignty, majority rule while respecting minority rights, checked governmental powers through limitations, due process of the law and leadership succession through popular consensus
Explain the influence of scientific ideas on the progression of thought from the Scientific Revolution to the Enlightenment.
Scientific ideas allowed enlightenment ideas to be spread such as the printing press which in turn caused books to be mass produced.
What are some ways in which Enlightenment ideas spread?
Through salons, books, and the encyclopedia.
Explain the components of the free-enterprise system.
That the government gets involved as little as possible and let the economy regulate itself.
Why might some absolute monarchs have been willing to consider Enlightenment ideas, while others were not?
Someone such as Thomas Hobbes would be accepted by absolute monarchs because of the fact that he believed people were naturally evil and needed strict rule. Someone such as John Locke would not be accepted because his ideas also conflicted with absolute rule. He also stated if the government failed to deliver certain rights (what's the absolute monarchs could not) they had the right to overthrow that government.
In what way were the ideas of John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau similar?
Both of them believed that people were naturally good and limited government is necessary.
Why do you think many countries over time have emulated the principles outlined in the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution?
They are basic and fair laws which date back to John Locke. Every citizen would love for their country to allow them to have the right to life, liberty, and property.
In what way does the Bill of Rights put the ideas of the Enlightenment into practice?
It promoted the rights of freedom of speech,press, and assembly. Ideas were advocated by Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke.
How did France's social divisions in the late 1700s contribute to the revolution?
The third estate was furious of their poor treatment by being dealt poor cards for jobs and careers. They were also 100% taxed. When they tried to vote out of this, the clergy and nobility combined their votes against the third estate, 2-1.
Why was the conflict between the clergy and the Third Estate the most divisive in the course of the revolution?
Third estate was upset that they paid all the taxes. When they had votes, their votes would not matter. Only clergy members had votes that mattered. They also lived very lavish live and the third estate hated him.
How might the complaints of a peasant and a merchant compare during the revolution?
People were more likely to listen to a merchant than a peasant.
What characteristics of the Third Estate helped fuel the Revolution?
The fact that they were heavily taxed, given minimal rights, and were poor. They were hungry for change.
What did the Tennis Court Oath foretell about the coming events of the French Revolution?
It foretold that a big event was coming. A revolution most likely as they had decided to meet until a constitution was decided making things fair. The Americans had done the same thing.
Why was the Committee of Public Safety allowed to terrorize France during the Reign of Terror?
In order to protect the Revolution and achieve its goals. Robespierre had "traitors" (People with different ideas that were counter revolutionary) killed.
What actions did the French take after the Revolution to show their patriotism?
They had spread nationalism throughout France and also had festivals and dances commemorating the revolution. Also, popular sovereignty was created.
What was it about the nature of the French Revolution that led to political and social reform?
Because of the fact that the revolution was so and serious and bloody, it led to serious changes in French society such as abolished monarchy, popular sovereignty, abolished feudalism, and nationalism becoming the norm
What political views did Napoleon spread in Europe that angered monarchs?
The fact that he was the source of his own power.
In what way did Napoleon's actions doom his dream of creating a French empire in Europe?
Napoleon made three great mistakes during his reign. The Biggest being in trying to invade Russia, his soldiers just could not withstand the freezing temperatures. This led to his downfall greatly.
Why might some of the French have resisted a return to a monarchy?
This is because they were just in a revolution because of the monarchy and they would be scared of having to live under those horrible conditions again.