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a haploid reproductive cell that unites with another haploid reproductive cell to form a zygote
a form of asexual reproduction in single-celled organisms by which one cell divides into two cells of the same size
a segment of DNA that is located in a chromosome and that codes for a specific hereditary trait
in a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and proteins in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA
chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes, that have the same structure, and that pair during meiosis
an array of the chromosomes found in an individual's cells at metaphase of mitosis and arranged in homologous pairs and in order of diminishing size
the life cycle of cells in eukaryotes, it consists of a a cell-growth period in which DNA is synthesized and cell-division period in which mitosis takes place
a period between two mitotic or meiotic divisions during which the cell grows, copies its DNA and synthesizes proteins
in eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes
the division of the cytoplama of a cell, cytokinesis follows the division of the cell's nucleus by mitosis or meiosis
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