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Microbiology in Disease Exam 3
Terms in this set (73)
For every human cell that make up your body are_______ to _______ bacteria cells associated with your body?
100 to 1000
What is the Human micro biome?
is the sum total of all microbes found on and in humans
Why is the womb considered to be not a sterile environment?
newborns stools can contain bacteria
Humans are considered to be free of ________ at birth?
Human milk contains bacteria that help colonize what in newborns?
refers to severity of disease caused by microbe
when a microbe has lost the ability to cause disease
the study of the cause of a disease
a microbe that causes a specific disease or condition
What are the areas of the human body with a normal flora?
lower urinary and genital system
What is the 2 bacteria that are apart of the normal flora of the skin?
staphylococcus epidermidis predominate bacteria and staphylococcus aureus
What percent of people are carriers for MRSA?
What is MRSA stand for?
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
The mouth has ________ different species of bacteria?
What bacteria is part of the normal flora of the mouth?
What bacteria is part of the normal flora for the nose?
What does Neisseria Meningitides cause?
What vaccine is recommended for college students and military?
What bacteria are apart of the normal flora of the large intestine?
Escherichia coli, Proteus, Klebsiella, Shigells, and many others
What are the bacteria of the normal flora in large intestine referred to as?
The small intestine as has _______ bacteria than the large intestine?
The stomach has even______ bacteria than the small intestine?
What bacteria are apart of the normal flora of the lower urinary and genital system?
Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas
Anytime that the normal flora go somewhere that they do not belong it can be ?
Most internal tissue, organs, and act should be _______ or have _______ bacteria?
What are probiotics?
microorganisms that have claimed health benefits when consumed
What is a major problem in post surgical wound infections?
What does colonizations mean?
the bacteria is present but not making you sick or causing disease
What does infection mean?
it is making you sick
What is a boil or abscess?
a localized region of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
What is pus?
an accumulation of dead phagocytes and bacteria and fluid
What is inflammation?
a host response to tissue damage characterized by redness, pain, heat, swelling
What is folliculitis?
an infection of hair follicles often appear as pimples
What is Impetigo?
superficial bacterial infection that causes the skin to flake or peel off, skin may become crusted or margin of lesion
Impetigo is highly?
Impetigo occurs primarily in?
A newborn with impetigo is usually caused by what bacteria?
If a child is 2 years or older then impetigo is usually caused by what bacteria?
What is scalded skin syndrome?
blistering and peeling of skin
What bacteria causes scalded skin syndrome?
What bacteria is the normal flora of the skin?
Pseudomonas Aeruginosa is a common cause of?
What is dermatitis?
refers to any inflammation of the skin
Pseudomonas are resistant to?
disinfectants such as chlorine
Pseudomonas is a primary cause of?
swimmers ear, death in burn patients, and pneumonia in humans with cystic fibrosis
Did humans invent antibiotics?
no they are all natural
What is necrotizing fasciitis?
caused when bacteria infect the layer of connective tissue below the skin
Necrotizing fasciitis is also known as?
flesh eating bacteria
What is toxic shock syndrome?
bacteria produce a potent toxin when able to multiply
What bacteria causes cystic acne?
One bacteria can produce many different?
What does Streptococcus pyogenes cause?
strep throat, impetigo, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, toxic shock, flesh eating bacteria
What is Conjunctivitis?
inflammation of the mucus membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the outer surface of they eyeball
What types of microbes cause conjunctivitis?
protozoa and fungi
What is a serious conjunctivitis?
neonatal gonorrheal opthalmia
What is neonatal gonorrheal ophthalmia caused by?
Pinkeye is also called?
The brain and spinal cord covered by membrane called?
Inflammation of the meninges which is usually caused by an infection called?
What is encephalitis?
inflammation in the brain itself which is usually caused by an infection
Blood vessels in brain are selective in what allow into brain and is the so called?
blood- brain barrier
What are the 4 bacteria that are major causes of meningitis ?
Neisseria meningitides and haemophilis and streptococcus pneumonia and listeria monocytogenes
What bacteria is a part of the normal flora of the throat?
What is primarily a childhood disease?
What causes pneumococcal pneumonia?
Listeria monocytogenes is commonly found in?
elderly and immunocompromised
How do you diagnose meningitis?
get a CSF
What is CSF stand for?
What are spore forming bacteria?
clostridium tetani and clostridium botulinum
What bacteria produces one of the most potent toxins know and is enough toxin to kill 30 people?
Clostridium tetani is associated with what in your jaw?
What are the steps to tetanus shot?
1.grow bacteria in lab
2.isolate tetanus toxin
3.denature or treat toxin with formaldehyde
4.have inactivated toxin
You ingest spores of clostridium botulinum it is _________ a problem
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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