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Micro-K (Potassium Chloride)
Terms in this set (10)
Potassium Chloride Trade Names
Parenteral Electrolyte, Potassium
Potassium chloride, an electrolyte replenisher, participates in several physiological processes in the body including the transmission of nerve impulses, the maintenance of normal renal function and intracellular tonicity, and the contraction of skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle
Micro-K Safe Dose (Safe for Patient)
Usual dose (oral powder for solution): 20 to 100 mEq (or greater) ORALLY daily as one 20-mEq packet 1 to 5 times daily OR one 25-mEq packet 1 to 4 times daily; dissolve in at least 5 ounces cold water or other beverage and give after meals
Patient dose is 20mEq/day orally
anticholinergic agents; gastrointestinal tract passage restrictions or delay may inhibit extended-release tablet passage
cardiac patients with esophageal compression; extended-release tablets may cause esophageal ulceration due to enlarged left atrium
concomitant pharmacologic agents in sufficient doses exerting anticholinergic effects; gastrointestinal tract passage restrictions or delay may inhibit extended-release tablet passage
structural or pathological conditions causing gastrointestinal tract passage restrictions or delay; may inhibit extended-release tablet passage
hyperkalemia; risk of cardiac arrest
Micro-K Common Side Effects
Gastrointestinal: Diarrhea, Flatulence, Nausea, Vomiting
Micro-K Drug Interactions
Micro-K & Digoxin- No interaction
Micro-K & Lasix- No interaction
Micro- K & Cefotetan- No interaction
Micro-K & Hydromorphone- No interaction
Micro-K Nursing Implications
This drug may cause diarrhea, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain.
Tell patient to report signs/symptoms of a gastrointestinal ulcer or arrhythmias.
Advise patient to take drug with meals and a full glass of water or other liquid to avoid gastric irritation.
Oral liquid and powder for solution must be diluted with 4 to 6 ounces of water or fruit juice prior to administration.
Patient should limit ingestion of high potassium foods (bananas, fresh fruits/vegetables, fresh meats) as directed by healthcare professional.
Patient should avoid concomitant use of potassium-containing salt substitutes, and potassium-sparing diuretics.
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