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29 terms

Asexual Reproduction

for C4L2 Quiz
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Asexual reproduction provides ___ genetic variety.
little or none
Which process produces offspring asexually?
mitosis
Cell division in prokaryotes is known as ___.
fission
fission
the cell splits and forms two new identical offspring
What type of cell uses fission to reproduce asexually?
prokaryotic
When a eukaryotic, unicellular organism divides into two, it is called ___ cell division.
mitotic
fragmentation
a form of asexual reproduction caused by the breaking of a colonial organism by a physical disturbance
budding
a new organism grows by mitosis and cell division on the body of its parent
regeneration
the ability to replace missing structure
Animal ___ occurs when an offspring grows from a piece of its parent.
regeneration
spore
a cell with a hard protective covering
Vegetative reproduction
a form of asexual reproduction in which offspring grow from a part of a parent plant
cloning
a type of asexual reproduction performed in a laboratory that produces identical individuals from a cell
first successful animal cloned
sheep
Some plants can be cloned using a method called ___.
tissue culture
Asexual reproduction can also be responsible for harmful ___.
genetic mutations
One advantage of asexual reproduction is that it allows organisms to reproduce without a mate, saving ___ and ___.
time; energy
Asexual reproduction also enables some organisms to produce ___ numbers of offspring in a ___ period of time.
large; short
Asexual reproduction involves how many parents?
1
Fission begins in a prokaryote when the DNA molecule is _____.
copied
Some bacteria can divide every ___ minutes.
20
What type of cloning is considered an ethical concern?
human
Bacteria reproduce asexually through ___.
fission
An ameba can reproduce asexually through ___.
mitotic cell division
Spirogyra can reproduce asexually through ___.
fragmentation
Yeast can reproduce asexually through ___.
budding
Examples of organisms which reproduce asexually through regeneration are ___.
planarian; sea star; sponge; sea urchin; sea cucumber
Examples of organisms which reproduce asexually through spores are ___.
mold; fungus; mushroom
Examples of plants which have the ability to create new plants through vegetative reproduction are ___.
strawberry; potato; rasberry; geranium; spider plants