Upgrade to remove ads
Milady's Standard Fundamentals for Estheticians Chapter 14
Esthetician fundamentals chapter 14
Terms in this set (30)
What is a facial treatment
a facial is a professional service designed to improve and rejuvenate the skin.
increases circulation and detoxifies
relaxes the senses, nerves, and muscles
stimulates the skin functions and metabolism
slows down premature aging
corrects or alleviates conditions such as dryness, oiliness, or reduces
softens wrinkles and aging lines
helps clear up blemishes
Client relation skills
are another facet of being an esthetician. connecting with the client and knowing how to communicate with her or him will partially determine your success.
Facial treatment protocol
in your hands are cold, warm them before touching the client's face.
use a milky creamy cleanser that rinses easily. During a facial it is hard to remove foam or gel cleansers. Avoid over rubbing or cleansing. warm towels may be used prior to cleansing to prepare the client for your touch, to warm and moisten the skin, and to make cleansing more effective and enjoyable.
Steam or warm towels
towels or steam should never be too warm or used too long, as this can damage capillaries and cause over stimulation, redness, and irritation.
Manually removing impurities and comedones helps unblock clogged areas and refines pores. cleaning out the debris expands them allows the pores to contract to their normal size. Manual extraction is often the only way to expel impurities and clean our the pores.
Extraction of Whiteheads and other Blemishes
Whiteheads are removed in the same manner as blackheads except that an opening in the dead cell layer must first be made. This is done by placing a lancet almost parallel to the surface of the skin and pricking the dead cell layer to make an opening for the debris to pass through.
Understanding the angle of Pores
all areas of the forehead, the top of the nose, the chin, and the jawline have follicular walls perpendicular to the surface of the skin. all other areas of the skin, such as the nose and cheeks have slanted shafts.
How the cotton compress is used to remove a treatment mask
massage over the surface of the compress mask with and ice cube, if available, using rotary movements. the ice will feel cool and refreshing and will also firm the skin. As the ice melts, the water seeps into the compress, helping to soften the treatment mask underneath.
Application of Toners
toners finish the cleansing process by removing any products left on the skin and balancing the skin pH.
serums are chemically formulated with smaller molecules that are able to penetrated further into the skin, and thus are more effective.
Application of moisturizers
Depending on the formula moisturizers can seal in moisture and protect the barrier layer of the skin. they can also hydrated and balance the oil/water moisture content of the skin.
Daily sunscreen is imperative! after finishing a stimulating , nourishing facial, do not send your client out with a newly exfoliated face without sun protection. This can also be in moisturizer form.
for sanitary reasons, never remove products from containers with your fingers, always use a spatula. remove cleanser with a sanitized spatula if it is not a squirt top or pump type lid.
cotton pads or facial sponges
start at the neck or forehead and follow the contours of the face.
steam for approximately 5 to 10 minutes.
perform a quick cleansing to remove makeup, rinse well
analyze with a magnifying lamp
perform a second quick cleansing with an exfoliant or a deep pore cleanser. Rinse thoroughly. A brush machine can be used as a quick exfoliating method.
Apply a toner appropriated to the clients skin type.
apply a mask
apply day cream or moisturizer and sunblock
recommend a treatment for the clients next visit
recommend initial home care products and complete the home care chart.
Treatments for dry skin
use an enzyme peel or gentle glycolic peel (AHA's) to exfoliate the skin.
For a mask, a paraffin wax mask or thermal mask can be used.
Elasticity of the skin
Aging skin will often lack elasticity. The skin is tested for elasticity by taking a small section of the faical skin or neck between the thumb and forefinger and giving the skin a slight outward pull.
Aging or sun-damaged skin
needs antioxidants topically and orally. Antioxidants such as vitamins C,E, and A, minerals, green tea, and grape seed extract are all antioxidants that help protect the body from free radicals.
Treatments for sensitive skin or Rosacea
individuals with sensitive skin should avoid stimulating, drying products and heat. Advise these clients to avoid vasodilators: heat, the sun,spicy foods, and stimulating products.
Treatments for hyperpigmentation
Melanin suppressant agents are also used for this condition. Hydroquinone is the only FDA approved agent. It is not a bleaching agent, but a melanin suppressant.
Acne facial treatments can create a remarkable improvment in the skin.
Acne Treatment care
Glycolic acid. An alphahydroxy acid derived from sugar cane, used in diferent percentages and pH factors to dissolve the demosomes between cells keep skin cells exfoliated. This opens up the acne impaction and stimulates new skin cell production. Beta hydroxy acids (salicylic acide, lactic acid, etc.) work synergistically with AHAs to slough old cells and keep pores open; not as strong as AHAs, but effective when used alone, especially for sensitive skin.
The Acne Treatment procedure
Optional disincrutsation: Use the galvanic machine with a disincrustation fluid to soften the follicles. (alternate method: a disincrustation fluid can be used while steaming.)
Optional: use the high frequency mushroom electrode with gauze to spark blemishes to help kill bacteria and heal lesions. An acne serum can also be applied after extractions to treat the skin. Note: massage is irritating to inflamed acne and is usually not part of the acne facial.
Home care for acne
An AHA gel or benzyl peroxide (BP) gel. Alternate using AHAs and BP. use these at different times or on alternate days to avoid reactions or over drying the skin.
Mens skin care products
Males typically have larger sebaceous glands and oilier skin. A male clients skin care regimen should begin with only two products: a cleanser and hydrating lotion. If he wants three, add the toner. As he grows accustomed to the regimen and sees favorable results , he will most likely add to his regimen by purchasing a sunscreen, eye cream and a mask.
Professional Treatments for men
First , sponges are more appropriate for a man's face. Professional movements during a mans facial should flow with the hair growth.
Folliculitis (ingrown hairs)
A soothing gel mask is probably the most comfortable product for male client to treat this area.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Milady's Esthetician State Board Review
Chapter 15 - Facial Treatments - Milady's Esthetics
Milady Standard Fundamentals of Esthetics - Chapte…
Milady's Esthetics Chapter 6 Basics of Chemistry
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Milady Chapter 23 Facials
Chapter 23 Facial Final Review
Milady 2012 edition Chapter 23 Skin Care
Esthetics, Chapter 15
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Milady's standard Chapter 7
Nail diseases and disorders
nail structure and growth
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Therapeutics Exam 2
Nutrition Ch. 20
Chapter 31: Comfort, Pain, and Sleep WAL