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245 terms

MT FINAL Chapters8-14

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gall
The combining form chol/e means?
regurgitation
What is the medical term for the return of fluids and solids from the stomach into the mouth?
small intestine
The combining form enter/o means?
mouth
The combining form or/o means?
sigmoid/o
Which combining form stands for a section of the colon?
hiatal hernia
Protrusion of the stomach through the diaphragm and into the thoracic cavity is a(n)?
epiglottis
The tissue that covers the larynx and trachea so food does not enter the lungs is called the?
pyloric sphincter
The ring of muscles at the opening between the stomach and the duodenum is the?
appendix
The small worm-like outgrowth at the end of the cecum is called the?
liver
The organ that produces bile is the?
gall bladder
The organ that stores bile is the?
diverticulitis
The diagnostic term that means "inflammation of a blind pouch or sac in the colon" is?
fundus
The upper region of the stomach is called the?
palatine
Which of the following is NOT a salivary gland?
polyphagia
Build a medical term meaning "excessive eating."
volvulus
The diagnostic term for twisting or kinking of the intestine causing intestinal obstruction is?
cholelithiasis
Build a medical term meaning "abnormal condition of gallstones."
enteritis
Build a medical term meaning "inflammation of the small intestine."
cholecystectomy
Build a medical term meaning "excision of the gallbladder."
cirrhosis
The diagnostic term for chronic disease of the liver with gradual destruction of cells is?
colonoscopy
Build a medical term meaning "procedure to visually examine the colon."
cholecystitis
The diagnostic term that means inflammation of the gallbladder is?
intravenous cholangiography
The diagnostic test in which dye is administered in order to visualize the bile ducts is called a(n)?
esophagostomy
Build a medical term meaning "surgical creation of an opening into the esophagus."
upper GI
The medical term for a series of x-ray films taken of the stomach and duodenum after barium has been swallowed is?
cheilorrhaphy
Build a medical term meaning "suture the lip."
dyspepsia
Build a medical term meaning "difficult digestion."
caries
What is the medical term for tooth decay?
anorexia
A general term meaning "loss of appetite" is?
hemorrhoids
Varicose veins of the rectum are called?
liver scan
Which imaging technique listed below utilizes radioactive substances?
anastomosis
Which surgical term listed below "means to create a passageway between two organs"?
NPO
Which abbreviation means "nothing by mouth"?
proct/o
The combining form that means "rectum and anus" is?
inflammation of the gums
The diagnostic term gingivitis is defined as?
protrusion of the bladder
The diagnostic term cystocele is defined as?
bladder
The combining form cyst/o means?
renal pelvis
The combining form pyel/o means?
hydronephrosis
The diagnostic term that means "distention of the renal pelvis due to urine collecting in the kidney" is?
conditions of stones in the kidney
The diagnostic term nephrolithiasis is defined as?
urination
Another term for micturition is?
stimulation
Which of the following is NOT one of the stages of urine production?
fats
Which of the following substances is NOT associated with disease if it is found in the urine?
cystalgia
Build a medical term meaning "pain in the bladder."
cystorrhagia
Build a medical term meaning "bleeding from the bladder."
nephrostomy
The surgical term for creation of an artificial opening into the kidney is?
lith/o
The combining form that means stone is?
narrowing of the ureter
The medical term ureterostenosis means?
cystoscopy
Which medical term would be used to mean "visual examination of the bladder"?
pyeloplasty
Build a medical term meaning "surgical repair of the renal pelvis."
anuria
The medical term that means "complete absence of urine" is?
reduced amount of urination
The medical term oliguria means?
pyuria
Build a medical term that means "pus in the urine."
painful urination
The medical term dysuria means?
blood in the urine
The medical term hematuria is defined as?
urinalysis
A laboratory test that consists of a physical, chemical, and microscopic exam of urine is called a(n)?
urethralgia
Build a medical term meaning "urethra pain."
cortex
The outer portion of the kidney is called the?
pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney is?
ureter
Which structure carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder?
cystotomy
The surgical term that means "incision into the bladder" is?
nephrons
Urine formation takes place in the?
intravenous pyelogram
The medical term that means "x-ray film of the renal pelvis with a contrast medium injected into a vein" is?
hilum
The area where the renal artery enters and the renal vein leaves the kidney is the?
renal pelvis
The main collection point for urine as it is formed is/are the?
urethritis
An inflammation of the urethra is called?
Bowman's capsule
The cup-like structure surrounding the glomerulus is called?
incontinence
The medical term for the involuntary release of urine is urinary?
catheterization
The insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the bladder is called?
U/A
The abbreviation for urinalysis is?
vagina
The combining form colp/o means?
ovary
The combining form oophor/o means?
testes
The combining form orch/o means?
glans penis
The combining form balan/o means?
fallopian tube
Which organ is NOT part of the female external genitalia?
breast
The combining form mast/o is defined as?
neonatology
Build a medical term meaning "study of newborn."
perineum
The region between the vaginal opening and the anus is termed the?
multigravida
The medical term meaning "more than one pregnancy" is?
puberty
The beginning of menstruation and the ability to reproduce is known as?
gestation
The length of time from conception to birth - generally nine months - is called?
menorrhagia
The medical term for excessive bleeding during the menstrual period is?
dysmenorrhea
The medical term for difficult menstrual flow (cramping) is?
dystocia
The diagnostic term that means "difficult labor and childbirth" is?
placenta tears away from the uterine wall prematurely
The medical term "abruptio placenta" means?
fibroid tumor
The diagnostic term that means the same as "benign growth or tumor in the uterus" is?
suture of the vulva
The surgical term episiorrhaphy is defined as?
pelvimetry
Measurement of the pelvic area to see if the fetus can be delivered vaginally is called?
fimbriae
The finger-like projections of the ends of the fallopian tubes are called?
embryo
Between implantation and the end of the eighth week, the baby is correctly referred to as a(n)?
miscarriage
Another medical term meaning "spontaneous abortion" is?
amniocentesis
The term for a surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid is?
cryptorchidism
The failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth is known as?
destruction of sperm
The medical term spermatolysis means?
balantis
Build a medical term meaning "inflammation of the glans penis."
vasectomy
The male sterilization procedure whereby a segment of the vas deferens is removed is called a?
castration
The medical term for excision of the testicles in the male or the ovaries in the female is?
hydrocele
An accumulation of fluid within the testes is called?
urethra
The structure that is shared by the urinary and male reproductive systems is the?
prepuce
The medical term for the foreskin is?
aspermia
Build a medical term meaning "state of no sperm."
prostate cancer
The PSA procedure provides a screening test for?
anorchism
The diagnostic term that means "absence of testes" is?
PI
The abbreviation that means "delivery of the first infant" is?
TURP
Which abbreviation stands for a surgical procedure to treat BPH?
gland
The combining form aden/o means?
secrete
The combining form crin/o
aldosterone
The hormone that regulates fluid volume and electrolytes (sodium and potassium) is?
cortisol
The hormone that aids the body in regulating carbohydrates is?
lacrimal
Which of the following is NOT an endocrine gland?
pancreas and insulin
Which gland and hormone decrease the level of glucose in the blood?
thyroid and calcitonin
Which gland and hormone stimulate the deposition of calcium into bone?
antidiuretic hormone
Which hormone is NOT secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland?
epinephrine
The hormone that assists the body to deal with stress and emergency conditions is?
on top of the kidneys
The adrenal glands are located?
metabolism
The sum of all physical and chemical changes taking place in the body is called?
pituitary
Which gland is sometimes referred to as the "master gland"?
thymus
Which gland is especially important in the development of the immune system?
testes
Which gland secretes testosterone?
Type 1
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is known as?
excess potassium in the blood
The diagnostic term hyperkalemia is defined as?
oxytocin
The hormone that stimulates uterine contractions is?
glycosuria
Build a medical term meaning "sugar in the urine."
tetany
The diagnostic term for a condition of painful muscle cramps resulting from a low amount of calcium in the blood is?
hirsutism
The medical term for the condition of having an excessive amount of hair is?
diabetes mellitus
The chronis disorder of carbohydrate metabolism which results in hyperglycemia and glycosuria is?
hypoglycemia
The diagnostic term that means "low level of sugar in the blood" is?
hyperthyroidism
Build a medical term meaning "excessive activity of the thyroid."
hyercalcemia
Build a medical term meaning "excessive calcium in the blood."
surgical removal of the thymus gland
A thyrectomy is the?
blood tests used to measure the levels of T3, T4, and TSH
Thyroid function tests are?
Cushing's syndrome
The disease charecterized by hypersecretion by the adrenal cortex is?
thyroid gland
Goiter is an enlargement of the?
abnormal state of extreme thirst
The medical term polydipsia is defined as?
thyrotoxicosis
The diagnostic term for an abnormal condition of poisoning caused by excessive thyroid gland activity is?
adrenomegaly
Build a medical term meaning "enlarged adrenal gland."
euthyroid
A medical term meaning "normal thyroid" is?
diabetes insipidus
The diagnostic term for the result of decreased activity of the antidiuretic hormone from the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is?
BMR
Which of the following abbreviations is NOT a hormone?
FSH
Which of the following abbreviations is NOT a diagnostic test?
head
The combining form cephal/o means?
glue
The combining form gli/o means?
pia mater
The thin innermost layer of the meninges is the?
lack of muscle coordination
The medical term ataxia is defined as?
ganglion
A knotlike mass of nerve tissue located outside the brain and spinal cord is a(n)?
carry impulses to the brain and spinal cord
Afferent neurons?
cerebrum
The largest section of the brain is the?
diencephalon
The section of the brain that contains the thalamus and hypothalamus is the?
cerebrum
The section that processes our thoughts, judgement, and memory is the?
cerebellum
The section of the brain that maintains balance is the?
brain stem
What section of the brain consists of the medulla oblongata, pons, and midbrain?
olfactory nerve
The cranial nerve that transports impulses for sense of smell to the brain is the?
vagus nerve
The cranial nerve that supplies most organs in the abdominal and thoracic cavities is the?
brain
The combining form encephal/o is defined as?
tic
The medical term for spasmodic, involuntary muscular contraction involving the head, face, eyes, and/or mouth is?
neuroplasty
The term for surgical repair of a nerve is?
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
The condition in which there is degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord (Lou Gehrig's Disease) is known as?
Bell's palsy
One-sided facial paralysis with an unknown cause is known as?
dysphasia
Build a medical term meaning "impairment of speech."
coma
An abnormal deep sleep resulting from an illness or injury is a?
weakness
The suffix -paresis is defined as?
destruction of a nerve
The term neurolysis is defined as?
hemiplegia
The medical term for paralysis on only one side of the body is?
cerebral angiography
The diagnostic terms that means "the process of x-ray filming of the blood vessels in the brain" is?
petit mal
The form of epilepsy in which there is a loss of awareness without a seizure is?
cerebral palsy
The condition characterized by nonprogressive paralysis from a defect or trauma at birth is?
syncope
The medical term for fainting is?
electroencephalography
Build a medical term meaning "process of recording the electrical activity of the brain."
Reye's syndrome
The diagnostic term for a disease affecting children and adolescents, typically following a viral infection is?
neuroma
The diagnostic term that means "nerve tumor" is?
lumbar puncture
The diagnostic test in which cerebrospinal fluid is withdrawn from the lumbar back for analysis is?
Babinski's sign
A reflex test that suggests abnormalities in the nervous system is known as?
encephalosclerosis
Build a medical term meaning "brain hardening."
cephalgia
The medical term commonly known as a headache is?
CVA
The abbreviation for a stroke is?
sclera
The outermost layer of the eye, referred to as the "white" of the eye, is the?
pupil
The opening in the center of the iris is the?
eardrum
The combining form myring/o means?
lacrimal glands and ducts
The organs that produce and drain tears from the eye are the?
vitreous fluid (humor)
The jellylike liquid located between the lens and retina is the?
drooping of the eyelid
The diagnostic term blepharoptosis is defined as?
choroid
The layer of the eye that provides the blood supply for the eye is the?
retina
The layer of the eye that receives and transmits light impulses to the brain is the?
accommodation
The ability of the eye to adjust to variations in distance is?
myopia
The medical term for nearsightedness is?
presbyopia
Build a medical term meaning "old age vision."
hyperopia
The medical term for farsightedness is?
blepharitis
Build a medical term meaning "inflammation of the eyelid."
glaucoma
The condition characterized by an increase in intraocular pressure is?
nystagmus
The diagnostic term for involuntary, jerky movements of the eye is?
keratitis
The diagnostic term for inflammation of the cornea is?
tonometry
The process of measuring the intraocular pressure of the eye is called?
right eye
The abbreviation OD stands for?
conjuctivitis
The medical term for pinkeye is?
emmetropia
The medical term for normal vision is?
fovea centralis
The depression of the retina that is the point of sharpest vision is the?
iridoplegia
Build a medical term meaning "paralysis of iris."
cerumen
The medical term for ear wax is?
hyoid
Which of the following is NOT one of the ossicles of the ear?
cochlea
The snail-shaped portion of the inner ear that contains the organ of Corti is/are the?
tympanorrhexis
Build a medical term meaning "rupture of the eardrum."
abscence of hearing
The medical term anacusis means?
sound transmission is blocked in the middle and outer ear
In conductive hearing loss,
myringoplasty
Build a term meaning "surgical repair of the eardrum."
cochlea
Hair cells in the area change vibrations to electrical impulses for hearing.
organ of corti
Which of the following is NOT an inner ear region for equilibrium?
tympanic membrane
The tissue that separates the auditory canal from the middle ear cavity is the?
tinnitus
The medical term for ringing in the ear is?
Mniere's Disease
The diagnostic term for a chronic disease of the inner ear characterized by dizziness, hearing loss, and ringing in the ear is?
OM
The abbreviation for a common ear infection seen in children is?
chemical name
The drug name that describes the chemical formula or molecular structure of a drug is the?
nonproprietary name
The drug name that means the same thing as "generic name" is?
pharmacist
Which health professional does not write prescriptions?
controlled substance
Drugs that have the potential for being addictive are known as?
aquired dependence on a drug
The term addiction means?
tolerance
A decrease in susceptibility to a drug after continued use is?
prophylaxis
Prescribing a drug to prevent a disease or condition from occuring is called?
parenteral
Which route of drug administration requires the skin to be punctured by a needle?
bid
The abbreviation meaning "twice a day" is?
po
The abbreviation meaning "by mouth" is?
dissociative disorders
Amnesia and multiple personality disorder are examples of?
phrenology
Which is NOT a method of treating mental disorders?
bulimia
The medical term that means "binge eating and then purging by induced vomiting or laxatives"?
schizophrenia
A mental illness characterized by sever distortions of reality with delusions and hallucinations is?
anxiety disorder
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an example of an?
uptake
Absorption of radiactive material and medicines into an organ or tissue is called?
PET scanning
The process that uses radioactive glucose to measure metabolic activity in the brain is known as?
ultrasound
The use of high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of internal structures is?
Doppler ultrasound
Which of the following is used most often to detect blood clots and blood vessel obstructions?
CT scanning
An imaging technique that produces cross-sectional views, taking x-rays at multiple angles, is?
phonophoresis
The use of ultrasound waves to introduce medication through the skin and into subcutaneous tissue is?
electromyogram
A graphic recording of a muscle contraction is an?
debridement
Which of the following would likely be used for burn therapy?
nerve conduction velocity
A test to determine if nerves have been damaged is?
ergonomics
The study of human work requirements and environments is?
excision, removal
Resection means the same as?
forceps
A surgical instrument used to grasp tissue is a?
anesthetic
A medication to produce partial to complete loss of feeling or sensation is an?
a physician
An anesthesiologist?
cauterization
Using heat, cold, electricity, or chemicals to scar, burn, or cut tissues is called?
benign
The term used to describe a tumor that is not progressive or recurring is?
protocol
The plan of treatment for cancer patients developed by examining all of the options is known as?
palliative
Treatment designed to reduce the intensity of painful symptoms but doesn't produce a cure is?
metastasis
Movement and spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to another is known as?
GIV
Which of the following tumor classifications would be most difficult to read?