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36 terms

Abnormal Psychology- Chapter 14

Eating Disorders and Impulse Control Disorders
STUDY
PLAY
Anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder characterized by an inability to maintain normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and distorted body perception.
Big win
A gain of large amounts of money in one bet that propels the pathological gambler into a pattern of uncontrollable gambling.
Binges
The ingestion of large amounts of food during a short period of time, even after reaching a point of feeling full, and a lack of control over what or how much is eaten.
Bulimia nervosa
An eating disorder involving alternation between the extremes of eating large amounts of food in a short time, and then compensating for the added calories either by vomiting or other extreme actions to avoid gaining weight.
Impulse
An urge to act.
Impulse-control disorders
Psychological disorders in which people repeatedly engage in behaviors that are potentially harmful, feeling unable to stop themselves and experiencing a sense of desperation if their attempts to carry out the behaviors are thwarted.
Intermittent explosive disorder
An impulse-control disorder involving an inability to hold back urges to express strong angry feelings and associated violent behaviors.
Internet addiction
An impulse-control condition in which an individual feels an irresistible need to be involved in Internet-based activities.
Kleptomania
An impulse-control disorder that involves the persistent urge to steal.
Nonpurging type
A form of bulimia nervosa in which individuals compensate for what they eat by fasting or engaging in excessive exercise.
Pathological gambling
An impulse-control disorder involving the persistent urge to gamble.
Purge
To eliminate food through unnatural methods, such as vomiting or the excessive use of laxatives.
Purging type
A form of bulimia nervosa in which individuals force out of their bodies what they have just eaten.
Pyromania
An impulse-control disorder involving the persistent and compelling urge to start fires.
Self-injurious behaviors
Acts that are not socially sanctioned involving deliberate self-harm, self-injury, self-mutilation, and cutting. Dramatic increases have occurred in the last decade in the prevalence of self-injurious behavior, particularly among female adolescents and young adults.
Sexual impulsivity
An impulse-control disorder in which people feel uncontrollably driven to seek out sexual encounters and to engage in frequent and indiscriminate sexual activity.
Trichotillomania
An impulse-control disorder involving the compulsive, persistent urge to pull out one's own hair.
85%
The percent of the expected weight of a person of that height and body frame to be considered minimally normal weight.
amenhorea
the absence of at least 3 menstruations
Eating Atitude Test (EAT 26)
Provides a measure of preocupation with dieting and food, bulimic behaviors, and the ability to control eating.
4.4%
The mortality rate of people with eating disorders.
40%
The percent of women in Norway with eating disorders that are above the age 65.
15%
The percentage of women with eating disorders who attempt suicide
anorexia
without apetite
0.5%- 3.7%
The estimate range of prevalency of eating disorders in women
dopamine
Plays a role in feelings of reward and pleasure related to food could be involved in binging.
serotonin
Plays a role in the regulation of feelings of hunger and satiety
deficiency
______ in serotonin = feelings of hunger leading to binging.
excess
______ in serotonin = feelings of fullness leading to anorexia.
borderline personality disorder
The most common personality disorder that women have who have bulemia nervosa.
focal interpersonal therapy
Therapy that emphasizes interpersonal problems rather than the eating disorder.
chasing
Following loosing money, a pathological gambler then bets again to try to win back the money.
naltrexone
Med used to treat substance abuse disorders, led to reduced semptoms of pathological gambling.
Serotonin
Abnormally low levels of ______ have been identified in individuals with a long history of fire setting
trichobezoar (Rapunzel syndrome)
swallowing hair and then later it solidifies in the intestines which causes problems.
citalopram
Medications that treat serotonergic abnormalities in people with intermittent explosive disorder.