acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
A disorder in which a virus (human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]) infects specific types of immune system cells. This leaves the person with reduced immune function and, in turn, defenseless against numerous infectious agents; typically contributes to the person's death.
A collection of processes that involves the use of biological systems for altering and, ideally, improving the characteristics of plants, animals, and other forms of life.
An extreme shortage of food, which leads to massive starvation in a population; often associated with crop failures, war, and political unrest.
(extreme form of chronic hunger)
An impoverished area with little access to healthy foods - where 33% or 500 people, whichever is less, live more than a mile from a grocery store in an urban area or more than 10 miles away in a rural area.
Condition in which the quality, variety, and/or desirability of the diet is reduced and there is difficulty at times providing enough food for everyone in the household.
A condition of anxiety regarding running out of either food or money to buy more food.
Difficulty providing enough food for everyone in the household
gender and development (GAD) approach
Understanding the roles and responsibilities of both men and women in the process of sustainable development.
Manipulation of the genetic makeup of any organism with recombinant DNA technology.
This refers to increases in crop yields that accompanied the introduction of new agricultural technologies in less-developed countries, beginning in the 1960s. The key technologies were highyielding, disease-resistant strains of rice, wheat, and corn; greater use of fertilizer and water; and improved cultivation practices.
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
The virus that leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
The basic framework of a system of organization. For a society, this includes roads, bridges, telephones, and other basic technologies.
Failing health that results from longstanding dietary practices that do not coincide with nutritional needs.
recombinant DNA technology
A test tube technology that rearranges DNA sequences in an organism by cutting the DNA, adding or deleting a DNA sequence, and rejoining DNA molecules with a series of enzymes.
Farming systems that can indefinitely maintain their productivity
Agricultural system that provides a secure living for farm families; maintains the natural environment and resources; supports the rural community; and offers respect and fair treatment to all involved, from farm workers to consumers to the animals raised for food.
Economic growth that will simultaneously reduce poverty, protect the environment, and preserve natural capital.
Failing health that results from a longstanding dietary intake that is not enough to meet nutritional needs.
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)
program for low-income pregnant and lactating women and their young children
approximate number of people that suffer malnourishment worldwide
& uncertain about their next meal
approximate number of people worldwide that suffer from some form of micronutrient malnutrition
iron, zinc, vitamin A, various B vitamins, iodine
critical micronutrients missing from diets worldwide