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Unit 10 "Print Reading for Construction: Residential and Commercial"
COSC 175 Segner
Terms in this set (40)
Auger Cast Pile
A type of foundation system that is drilled with a 12"-14" steel auger. As the auger is being raised out of the completed hole, concrete is pumped down the shaft to fill the cavity.
Basement Plan (Foundation Plan)
A drawing showing the top view of the basement, often with foundation details.
A large-diameter shaft (usually from 18"-72" in diameter) that is drilled, then filled with steel reinforcing material and concrete.
Concrete Masonry Units
A masonry unit made of concrete measuring 8"x8"x16" long (including mortar joint)
In surveying, the height of a survey marker above sea level; a measurement on a plot or foundation referenced to a known point. In architectural drafting, the drawing of the front, sides, or rear view of a structure.
A joint formed in concrete or masonry units by a bituminous fiber trip or foam rod and caulk to allow for expansion and contraction in materials caused by temperature changes and shrinkage.
Floating Slab Construction
A slab-on-grade construction method in which the footings, foundation walls, and slab are cast at the same time.
The base of a foundation wall or column. The ________ is wider to provide a larger bearing surface.
A pile that works on the principle of frictional resistance on the sides of the pile from the soil into which it has been driven.
The depth below the ground surface subject to freezing.
A low foundation wall or a beam, usually at ground level, used to provide support for the walls of a building.
Slotted joint in concrete used to connect portions cast at different times such as a groove in the footing where the foundation wall is to be poured.
A concrete slab system in which the slab and footings are cast as one continuous unit.
A long H-shaped (H-pile) or round (pipe pile) steel member that is hammer-driven into the earth.
The process of protecting foundation walls from underground water.
A sealing device used at concrete construction joints to serve as a moisture barrier.
Foundation; above-grade framing system
The building structure consists of two major components: the __________ and the _____-_____ _______ ______.
Concrete footings, grade beams, foundation walls
The foundation consists of the ________ ________, _____ _____, and _________ _____.
soil; soil; weight of the building
The footing size is determined by architects and engineers based on the type of ____ to resist loads (determined by ____ tests) and the ______ __ ___ ________.
Auger Cast Pile, Caissons, Footings and Walls, Grade Beams, and Steel Piles
Types of Foundation Systems (Alphabetical order)
Wider; thicker; concentrated
Footings for columns are frequently _____ and _______ than those for foundation walls, because a columns weight is ___________.
Footings must rest on undisturbed earth below the _____ line. (Determined by local building code)
On a foundation plan, footings are shown as ______ lines.
Reinforcing rods are shown as ____ and _____ lines in sectional views.
__________ _____ transfer the weight of the building to the footings and to the ground below. They can be poured-in-place concrete or concrete masonry units (CMU)
______-__-_____ concrete is used for foundation walls where soil and weather conditions exert considerable side pressure on the walls.
Foundation walls and columns are shown as _____ lines on the foundation plan.
Foundation walls and footings are shown as ______ lines in elevation views.
Auger Cast Piles, Caissons, Steel Piles
_____ ____ _____, ________, and _____ _____ are all used to transfer loads down through unsuitable soil to more appropriate load-carrying materials.
Drawings for a foundation to be waterproofed will have a _____ _____ line on the exterior wall with a note indicating the location.
A concrete slab supported by ground.
____-__-_____ Construction is widely used in residential construction projects. After the slab is poured, the building framework is added.
Reinforced With Bars
When a footing must be placed above ground that has been disturbed, it should be _________ ____ ____.
A(n) _________ _____ is placed between a slab and a wall.
Reinforce Concrete Slabs
Welded wire fabric is used to _________ ________ _____.
Footings are only needed below the perimeter walls of a building.
The positions of footings are determined by stretching lines of string between ______ ______.
Normally, a column footing is ______ than a footing below a wall.
Soil resistance along the side of the pile
What is the primary way in which a steel friction pile supports a load?
Top of Footing
Slab-on-grade; carrying; cracking
The purpose of the reinforcement in a ____-__-_____ foundation is to assist in ________ the load and resist ______.
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