37 terms

Chapter 4--- Life in the Colonies

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Terms in this set (...)

Rights of Englishmen
right to a trial by jury; no punishment without a trial; limited kings power to impose new taxes on with Parliamentary consent
Magna Carta
"The Great Charter"; signed in 1215; Englishmen forced King John to sign it; limits the power of the king; ONLY applied to nobles at first then everyone
legislature
group of people who have the power to make laws
parlament
greatest power was the right to approve taxes; dad the right to rule out the king; England's lawmaking
William and Mary
have a college named after them; built in Williamsburg, Virginia: they approved it in 1693; reign is known as The Glorious Revelution
English Bill of Rights
English written list of freedoms that an English government promises to protect
Bill of Rights
A written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect
Habeus Corpus
A person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime
___Colonies__
-many rights
-many types of freedom
___England__
-do not have many rights
-do not have that much freedom
Freedom of the press
The right of the journalist to publish the truth without restriction or punishment
John Peter Zenger
Came to America in 1710, his father died on the voyage, became an indentured servant, started the New York Weekly Journal; accused of libel
William Cosby
A rotten governor and is mad about Mr. Zenger's paper; thinks he should be treated the same way as the king is treated
Andrew Hamilton
represents Zinger when taken to court; no libel if you tell the truth
New York Gazette
The official royal paper
New York Weekly Journal
Started by John Peter Zenger, a lot of people loved it
libel
publishing a statement that is a lie and hurts someones reputation
Merchantilism
Colonies exist to make home country wealthy and powerful
Navigation acts
Series of laws designed to control colonial trade, regulating trade, beneficial to colonies at first; total control of trade
War of Jekkins' Ear
Started by the Spanish cutting off one of Jenkins' ears, lasted 9 years; first time they are called Americans
Colonial Society Duties and Responsibilities
Men - Control of families income and property, represent family in public when they vote, possibility of office holders
Women - Marry men chosen by parents, any property becomes husbands, have to take for children and farms
Children - required to work by age 7 and they could apprentince
Gentry
Upper class of colonial society
Middling Sort
Middle Class made of small planters, independent farmers and artists
Indentured Servant
Signed a contract to work for 4 to 10 years in colonies for anyone who paid their passage to the Americas, could be punished or whipped, could have time added if they disobeyed master
The Middle Passage
what the voyage from Africa to the Americas is called
Oladauh Equano
slave who survives the middle passage and writes an account about it
triangular trade
3- way trade rout between the colonies, the islands of the Caribbean, and Africa
racism
a belief that one race is superior or inferior to another
slave codes
strict laws that restrict the rights and activities of slaves
spread of education
taught religion, reading, writing, and arithmetic; had many public schools and little private schools
public schools
supported by taxes rather by private and public money
the great awakining
rise of many new churches; Methodists and Baptists grow quickly; leads to religious tolerance
the enlightenment
intellectual movement that begins in Europe
John Locke
publishes two treatises on government; challenge the idea of divine rights; says natural rights comes from God
Montesquieu
French thinkers; believes powers of government should be clearly defined and limeted
separation of powers
division of government into several branches
natural right
right that belongs to every human being from birth
divine rights
the belief that monarchs get authority directly from God