social studies indian removal
Terms in this set (38)
1733-1803 white male, head of household can apply to get former Indian Land (up to 1000 acres).
1803 can buy a ticket for a chance to win Lots of Land- mostly Cherokee lands.
What was the purpose of the headright system and land lotteries?
To put white settlers on the land once used by Native Americans.
Yazoo land fraud-who was involved?
Georgia politicians, 4 land companies and eager settlers wanting to own land
Yazoo land fraud-what did they do?
Politicians were bribed to sell the land really cheap to land companies
Yazoo land fraud-what did the voters of GA do?
Voted out the legislatures involved
Yazoo land fraud-how did the federal government resolve the matter?
Took away land west of the Chattahoochee River to the Mississippi river
Yazoo land fraud-what land did GA eventually give up that drastically changed the border of our state?
All lands west of the Chattahoochee river today called Alabama and Mississippi
Louisiana Purchase-what president was involved?
Louisiana Purchase-who sold the land to the USA?
Louisiana Purchase-how much did it cost?
Louisiana Purchase-what did this purchase do to the size of the USA?
Doubled the size
Louisiana Purchase-afterwards, the western border of the USA extended to?
the Rocky Mountains
What were GA's most important crops during this time?
Cotton and tobacco
Who invented the cotton gin?
What does the cotton gin do?
Separate seed from the cotton
What is a land grant university?
land given by the government for a college
What is the oldest land grant university in our nation?
What is Sequoyah famous for doing?
Inventing syllabary (written Cherokee language)
The first Indian newspaper is named
The permanent capitol of the Cherokee Nation was
Chief Alexander McGillivray
Treaty of New York (Creek Indian)
Treaty of New York - Creeks gave up
Land East of Oconee River
Chief William McIntosh
Signed treaty of Indian Springs (Creeks) and was murdered
Treaty of Indian Springs
forced the Creeks out of remaining parts of GA and move west
What happened to McIntosh?
Murdered by his own people
Indian Removal Act, 1830
forced removal of all Indians to Indian territory (Oklahoma)
What president signed the Indian Removal Act?
What modern day state was called Indian Territory?
What were the two main reasons the Cherokee were moved from their land?
Gold in Dahlonega and Land to white setters
Where was the first gold mining town in the USA?
What did GA require white missionaries to do?
Swear an oath to the Governor of GA and State (so they would follow their laws and not move to Cherokee lands)
Describe the US Supreme Court case, Worchester v. Georgia
Missionaries were put in jail for living on Cherokee land and not swearing the Oath to the state. Worchester was the missionary arrested for this.
Chief Justice John Marshall ruled
that Worchester could live on the Cherokee lands and GA laws did not apply to Cherokee nation laws (which said Worchester could live there).
What did Pres. Jackson say about Marshall's ruling?
Marshall made his ruling now- let's see him enforce it". GA and the president did not back Marshall's ruling.
Chief John Ross
Cherokee who went to DC to ask for help with the Cherokee and allow to stay on lands.
The Trail of Tears
Result of Indian Removal act. Troops rounded up the remaining 15,000 Cherokees in New Echota and forced them to walk to the new Indian Territory. 4,000 died.
Name the towns or cities that have served as Georgia's capitals (in order).
Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, Atlanta. (SALMA).