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Sociology 200 Exam 3 Joel Best
Terms in this set (92)
electronic support group--for illness sufferers; take the form of electronic postings in which individuals-in real or delayed time-write, send, and read textual messages
"Dropping the Disorder in PTSD"
-want to drop D so it's PTS because it's stigmitized disease. campaign is led by military leaders
-however, went through hoops to legitimize the disease
the processes by which an ever wider range of human experiences come to be defined, experienced, and treated as medical conditions; treat problems with medical language, i.e. disease, symptom, syndrome, etc
18th century medical education
using the cadavers of hanged criminals (4th stage of cruelty to Hobart)
greeted with skepticism
"resurrection men" -- also supplied cadavers -- removed most recent bodies from graves and brought them to med schools
Dr. John Snow
a London doctor, thames as sewer and water supply--researched cholera
the most important medical advance in history
separating the sewage from the drinking water
reforming the medical profession
setting up a set of social arrangements to regulate some form of work
who controls medicine?
how has professional training been monitored?
graduates must pass board exams
became a spotlight in polio
AMA sought to seek out..
quacks and rival medical models to heroes of scientific medicine
identified the battered child syndrome
battered child syndrome
types of injuries characteristic of physical abuse
the disease of stealing---only afflicts those with money
what do tv commercials encourage?
to "ask your doctor" about medicines and other things
looking at biology as a source of disease
best nutrition for an infant's first year of life
breastfeeding a child who is not a woman's own
Sharon Hays--mothers serve as primary caregivers of children; mothering practices are time-- intensive, expensive, supported by expert advice, child-centered and emotionally absorbing; and children are viewed as priceless
one of the leading proponents of a national wilderness should provide an "opportunity for complete self-sufficiency"
a noted mountaineer and philosopher who recently lost his life on a wilderness outing, stated that many recreationists look for uncertainty of outcome and a reduced margin of safety
"no rescue policy"
minimal development, opportunities for solitude and primitive and unconfined types of recreation; recreationists would retain total y responsibility for their own safety
"Breastfeed at your Own Risk"
-mothers who don't breastfeed are pressured to do so even though the scientific evidence isn't there
"Right to Risk in Wilderness"
-establishing no rescue zones in the wilderness
a term from medicine, became popularized...(risk of heart disease)
argues that complex societies are characterized by, many often unrecognized risks
warns that worrying too much about risk may make progress impossible
replaced the terms "culturally deprived"/"culturally disadvantaged"---an all purpose euphemism for poor, non-white children
examples to reduce risk...
-in London there are signs in parks saying "no adults allowed unless they are accompanied by a child"
-safe swings....baby swings
not designed to withstand crashes very well.
failure of gov't to look out for American citizens
In aftermath of Nader's book, Congress began passing laws requiring safety equipment in cars
Evolution of seat belt laws
identified whole different problem than the US with health concerns
said kids facial burns was the main concern
cell phone headsets
seen as a cancer risk in the US
-Europeans think radiation comes from towers, think U.S. is crazy
-What we define as risk varies a lot
a mother who is uncharacteristically cold towards their child rather than warm and loving
how was autism redefined?
a developmental disability---services improved, awareness increased, diagnoses rose, but other explanations are available
-more diagnosis of autism rather than mental retardation
McAvoy and Dustin
ask whether gov't should recognize a "right to risk"
maybe we should say that no one will come help you if come up the mountain
a group of people who because of their physical appearance or cultural characteristics are singled out from the others in the society they live in for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
how to get recognized as a minority
1) assigned minority status by others
2) some assert it in hopes of getting their group recognized (these people should compare themselves to African Americans)
tangible benefits, including protection from attack or discrimination
Horatio Alger, Jr
wrote dozens of popular novels about poor boys who became successful
different levels of power
Another group called outcast.
No idea of upward mobility, not possible to leave class
Recognize the possibility of mobility, can climb ladder if self-disciplined
your location in the economic court
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
saw society as a product of economic arrangements; base of society is the economy----the way the economy is organized
2 classes: Buschwasee-->high up peeps, small wages, big profits
Prolitarian--> work, big wages, big profits
Clash between B&P. Strikes
education, family, politics, religion, mass media
rests on base
relations of production, means of production
the ability to move through the class structure
Max Weber (1864-1920)
-argued there were three systems of ranking--- 1) class (economic) 2) power (political) 3) status
-argued that authority took three forms---- 1) charismatic leadership--- charismatic leaders have the power to inspire but there's the problem of succession 2) traditional authority is inherited--- why are there kings? God chooses them and puts them in power, parallels between heaven and earth, makes succession orderly but bloodlines can't guarantee talented leadership 3) rational-legal authority depends on rules and organizations--- a popular solution for religious organizations, universities, and businesses, etc.
-protestant ethic, interested in the importance of Protestants by looking at the history of Europe, success as a sign of of God's favor (specifically for the pilgrims)
-Industrialization is it doens't happen uniformly.
a kind of social dimension of classification
linked to alcohol
Prohibition symbolized the triumph of the old order
Middle class is shrinking
assuming a new often inverted or paradoxical identity through disguise---reflected the varied folk cultural backgrounds of Philadelphians
a pan-European custom--celebrated the death of the old year and "fired in" the new, although the explosive noise making occurred on Christmas Eve as well
a type of masking that involved disguised adults visiting houses to query children about their conduct (an importation from the German countryside)
dressed in burlesque, made charivari-like rough music, and paraded the streets on Christmas Eve
marched in drill form bearing mock weapons and pseudo-military names, paraded through the streets
lord of misrule
middle ages, early modern- someone of very very low social status would be held in charge, everything is upside down
Catholic nobleman in England was going to blow up Parliment to restore Catholocism to England. Got a day. people would sing anti catholic songs
are collective celebrations, but they are often disorderly
trick or treat
=extortion, you have a choice to either give us a treat and we will go away or you can refuse us a treat and we can play a trick on you
#2 most profitable holiday for business
segmented for children and college students
making halloween safe again--> bringing kids to the mall for trick or treating
Trunk or treat done at churches
Early American Christmas
little to do with christianity
youth would pound at your door
could bribe them to go away or they would commit vandalism
the new child centered Halloween
daylight, store bought equipment, etc.
poisoning Halloween candy
convicted and executed for killing his son with a poisoned treat
police thought it was a trend, realized there was a life policy taken out on the son
the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious (or irreligious) values and secular institutions
inventing traditions, invented in the 1960s for African Americans
make Christmas less white
remains a theme throughout holidays
the process by which the principles of fast food restaurant are coming to dominate more and more sectors of American society as well as the rest of the world, a predominant force that characterizes twentieth and twenty first century institutional development
a system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs, which governs how people behave in organizations
an assigned division of labor
training to perform roles
clear lines of authority
rules and regulations
specified procedures to follow
who you are shouldn't matter
formal, written communication
there are records
George Ritzer (1940-)
McDonaldization (modern bureaucracy)---narrowly defined work roles, scripted interaction, from a limited menu to options for different ages and lifestyles, US and Japan an empire that spans the world, has its pluses and minuses, aimed at assorted lifestyles
progress, decay, inevitability
change is associated with progress
cultural optimism. kicking out native tribes, etc. seemed cheery.
however, not many people see it as cheery. french viewed it as horror
rise of democracy followed enlightenment
Critics worry about what they perceive as flaws in our society
Every day things get better
worrying that we are on the verge of collapse (because laugh of worshipping God, etc)
Everyone worries the next generation will be the downfall
mechanical solidarity (minimal division of labor), organic solidarity--complex division of labor
from the unscheduled fields. Ran according to nature, expensive to burn candles.
sociology emerged in the 19th century to understand this historic transformation
saw industrialization as a source of conflict
history as a story of great individuals
Samuel Morse and Charles Wheatstone
both invented the telegraph in 1938
fearing colonization, Japan decided to modernize.
Japan tries to minimize contact with the western world since it was "corrupt"
Originally, Japanese attempted to confine foreign traders to designated outposts at ports
adopted firearms, but it violated samurai ethic, and therefore were prohibited. t
minimal division of labor
complex division of labor
Everyone needs to play their specialized role
Promoting innovation is built into the Constitution
aren't always good at predicting change
atomic age produced similar fantasies
predictions for VCRs
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