27 terms

WF WHI.6 Rome Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Representative democracy
a government where the law making decisions are made by elected officials who "represent" the population
Consuls
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government.
Alps
A mountain range that protected the Italian Peninsula from invaders.
Patricians
The upper of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
Twelve Tables
The body of laws for the Roman Republic that included the concept of innocent until proven guilty
Roman mythology
It was based off of Greek mythology. However, the main difference is the naming of the gods (many of them are names of planets).
Plebeians
The lower of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
Punic Wars
A series of three wars between Carthage (Africa) and Rome fought for control of the Mediterranean Sea.
Aliens
foreigners in ancient Rome
Assembly
A lawmaking body in ancient Rome who represented the plebeian class.
Roman Republic
It began in 509 BC and ended with the reign of Augustus Caesar who replaced it with the Roman Empire. The government was characterized by a representative democracy.
Senate
A lawmaking body in ancient Rome that served the interests of the patrician class.
Civil war
A war that occurs between two groups of the same nation, empire, or state.
Devaluation
This is the value of money going down. This usually happens as a result of inflation.
Triumvirate
In ancient Rome, a group of three select men who share control of the government. The first triumvirate was made up of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. The second triumvirate was made up of Octavian Caesar, Lepidus, and Mark Antony.
Roman Empire
It replaced the Roman Republic in 27 BC with the rule of Augustus Caesar and divided in AD 395 (Diocletian) into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
Inflation
It is when the cost of goods go up. This often leads to devaluation of currency.
Pax Romana
A period of peace, prosperity, and stability in Rome that lasted approximately 200 years started under Augustus Caesar
Christianity
A religion based off of Judaism and founded by Jesus of Nazareth.
New Testament
The holy text (book) of the Christian faith.
Martyr
A person who dies fighting for their religion.
Apostles
It refers to the Twelve chosen by Jesus during the course of his public ministry to be his closest followers and the enlighteners of whole nations.
Pantheon
A structure in ancient Rome dedicated to the Roman gods. It has a dome (round) on top.
Colosseum
A large amphitheater built in ancient Rome. It served as the location for gladiator games, naumachiae (naval battles), executions, and "bread and circuses."
Forum
It served as the center of the city for ancient Rome. It was a market place, a religious center (Pantheon), and civic center as the Twelve Tables were hung in the Forum for all to see.
Aqueducts
A water system built in ancient Rome that consisted of intricate waterways above and below ground that carried fresh water to the city.
Romance languages
Languages that are derived from the language of ancient Rome, Latin: French, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Italian

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.