a government where the law making decisions are made by elected officials who "represent" the population
In the Roman republic, one of the two powerful officials elected each year to command the army and direct the government.
A mountain range that protected the Italian Peninsula from invaders.
The upper of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
The body of laws for the Roman Republic that included the concept of innocent until proven guilty
It was based off of Greek mythology. However, the main difference is the naming of the gods (many of them are names of planets).
The lower of the two social classes of ancient Rome.
A series of three wars between Carthage (Africa) and Rome fought for control of the Mediterranean Sea.
foreigners in ancient Rome
A lawmaking body in ancient Rome who represented the plebeian class.
It began in 509 BC and ended with the reign of Augustus Caesar who replaced it with the Roman Empire. The government was characterized by a representative democracy.
A lawmaking body in ancient Rome that served the interests of the patrician class.
A war that occurs between two groups of the same nation, empire, or state.
This is the value of money going down. This usually happens as a result of inflation.
In ancient Rome, a group of three select men who share control of the government. The first triumvirate was made up of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. The second triumvirate was made up of Octavian Caesar, Lepidus, and Mark Antony.
It replaced the Roman Republic in 27 BC with the rule of Augustus Caesar and divided in AD 395 (Diocletian) into the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern or Byzantine Empire
It is when the cost of goods go up. This often leads to devaluation of currency.
A period of peace, prosperity, and stability in Rome that lasted approximately 200 years started under Augustus Caesar
A religion based off of Judaism and founded by Jesus of Nazareth.
The holy text (book) of the Christian faith.
A person who dies fighting for their religion.
It refers to the Twelve chosen by Jesus during the course of his public ministry to be his closest followers and the enlighteners of whole nations.
A structure in ancient Rome dedicated to the Roman gods. It has a dome (round) on top.
A large amphitheater built in ancient Rome. It served as the location for gladiator games, naumachiae (naval battles), executions, and "bread and circuses."
It served as the center of the city for ancient Rome. It was a market place, a religious center (Pantheon), and civic center as the Twelve Tables were hung in the Forum for all to see.
A water system built in ancient Rome that consisted of intricate waterways above and below ground that carried fresh water to the city.
Languages that are derived from the language of ancient Rome, Latin: French, Portuguese, Spanish, Romanian, Italian
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