23 terms

Can Ideas Change the World? Vocab Set

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Magna Carta
English document from 1215 that limited the power of the king and provided basic rights for citizens
rights
Powers or privileges granted to people either by an agreement among themselves or by law
Enlightenment
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly
colony
territory settled and ruled by people from another land
imperialism
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
revolution
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
Declaration of the Rights of Man
a statement of revolutionary ideals adopted by France's National Assembly in 1789
philosopher
a person who searches for wisdom or enlightenment
democratic
ruled by the people. In a democracy, citizens elect representatives to make and carry out laws.
French Revolution
1789 Rebellion in which the French people overthrew their monarchy and made the country a republic
American Revolution
the revolution of the American colonies against Great Britain
Haitian Revolution
A slave uprising that led to the establishment of Haiti as an independent country in 1804.
Declaration of Independence
a 1776 document stating that the 13 English colonies were a free and independent nation
Latin American Revolutions
The Spanish colonies of South America struggle for independence from Portugal and Spain
Russian Revolution
overthrow of the Russian tsar by the socialist Bolshevik Party in 1917
October Revolution
The revolution in October 1917 in Russia that brought the Bolsheviks to power.
Bloody Sunday
1905; peaceful march by russians turned deadly when Czar's guards fire on crowd, killing hundreds
March Revolution
1917 event in which soldiers ended up joining activists and called for the abdication of the Czar.
English Bill of Rights
document that gave England a government based on a system of laws and a freely elected parliament
Bill of Rights
a formal listing of the basic rights of U.S. citizens
Revolutions of 1848
Democratic and nationalistic revolutions, most of them unsuccessful, that swept through Europe
monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
republic
A form of government in which the people select representatives to govern them and make laws.
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