31 terms

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psychopathology
sicjness or disorder of the mind
etiology
factors that contribute to the development of a disorder.
DSM
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders; a systematic categorization of mental disorders
multitaxial system
the system used in the DSM; it calls for assessment along fixe axes that describe important mental health factors.
assessment
in psychology, examination of a persons mental state to diagnose possible psychological disorders.
diathesis-stress model
type of biopsychosocial model that relates the development of disorders to the combination of a diathesis, or predisposition, usually genetic in origin, and exposure to stressful events or life circumstances
family systems model
a diagnostic model that considers symptoms within an individual as indicating problems within the family
sociocultural model
a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of the interaction between individuals and their cultures
cognitive behavioral approach
a diagnostic model that views psychopathology as the result of learned, maladaptive thoughts and beliefes
generalized anxiety disorder
A psychological disorder marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat.
posttraumatic stress disorder
an anxiety disorder in which fear and related symptoms continue to be experienced long after a traumatic event
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by unexpected and repeated episodes known as panic attacks
agoraphobia
fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or impossible; large, overpopulated areas.
obsessive compulsive disorder
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts (obsession) and/ or actions (compulsions).
major depression
a disorder characterized by severe negative moods or a lack of interest in normally pleasurable activities
dysthymia
a form of depression that is not severe enough to be diagnosed as major depression
bipolar disorder
an unstable emotional condition characterized by cycles of abnormal, persistent high mood (mania) and low mood (depression)
learned helplessness
a cognitive model of depression in which people feel unable to control events in their lives.
dissociative disorders
A class of disorders in which people lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, resulting in disruptions in their sense of identity.
dissociative identity disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities aka multipersonality disorder
schizophrenia
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
positive symptoms
symptoms of schizophrenia that are marked by excesses in functioning such as delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized speech or behavior
negative sympotms
symptoms of schizophrenia marked by deficits in functioning such as apathy, lack of emotion, and slowed speech or movement
delusions
false beliefs based on incorrect inferences about reality
hallucinations
false sensory perceptions that are experienced without external sources.
loosening of associations
a speech pattern among some people with schizophrenia in which their thoughts are disorganized or meaningless.
disorganized behavior
acting in strange or unusual ways, including strange movement of limbs, bizarre speech, and inappropriate self-care, such as failing to dress properly or bathe.
borderline personality disorder
a personality disorder characterized byy disturbances in identity, in affect, and in impulse control
antisocial personality disorder
marked by a lack of empathy and remorse.
autistic disorder
developmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction, by impaired communication, and by restricted interests.
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
characterized by restlessness, inattentiveness, and impulsivity