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289 terms

gre vocab O-P

STUDY
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obliterate
destroy completely; wipe out; Ex. obliterate the village
oblivion
obscurity; condition of being completely forgotten; forgetfulness
obloquy
slander; disgrace; infamy
obscure
dark; vague; unclear; not well known; Ex. obscure meaning/village; V: darken; cover; make unclear; Ex. obscure the moon/meaning
obsequious
slavishly attentive; servile; full of servile compliance; sycophantic
obsequy
funeral ceremony
obsessive
related to thinking about something constantly; of an obsession; preoccupying; N. obsession: compulsive preoccupation with a fixed idea; compulsive idea; V. obsess: preoccupy the mind of excessively
obsidian
black volcanic rock
obsolete
outmoded; no longer used
obstetrician
physician specializing in delivery(assisting in giving birth) of babies; N. obstetrics; CF. midwife
obstinate
stubborn; hard to control or treat; Ex. obstinate cough; N. obstinacy
obstreperous
boisterous; noisy and uncontrollable
obtuse
blunt; not sharp; stupid; slow in understanding
OBVIATE
to prevent; to make unnecessary
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of; Ex. obviate the need
Occident
the West
OCCLUDE
to stop up; prevent the passage of
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural; beyond human comprehension; CF. mysterious to human ?; OP. bare
oculist
physician who specializes in treatment of the eyes
odorous
having an odor
offensive
attacking; insulting; distasteful; V. offend: violate; hurt the feelings of; N. offense: offending; violating of a moral or social code; crime; attack; Ex. first offense
offhand
casual; done without prior thought or preparation
OFFICIOUS
too helpful; meddlesome
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
omnipotent
all-powerful; having unlimited power
omnipresent
universally present; ubiquitous
ONEROUS
troublesome and oppressive; burdensome
onslaught
vicious assault; fierce attack; Ex. unexpected onslaught of the enemy
OPAQUE
impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
opaque
dark; not transparent; N. opacity
opiate
medicine to induce sleep or deaden pain; something that relieves emotions or causes inaction; sleep-producing drug containing opium
OPINE
to express an opinion
opportune
timely; well-chosen
opportunist
individual who sacrifices principles for expediency by taking advantage of circumstances; N. opportunism
OPPROBRIUM
public disgrace
optician
maker and seller of eyeglasses
optimist
person who looks on the bright side; N. optimism
optimum
most favorable; optimal; N: most favorable condition
optional
not compulsory; left to one's choice; N. option: act of choosing; choice; freedom or power to choose; something available as a choice; Ex. have no option; Ex. two options
optometrist
one who fits glasses to remedy visual defects
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance; ADJ. opulent: possessing great wealth; abundant
orator
public speaker
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music; long musical work with singing but without acting; CF. cantata
ordeal
severe trial or affliction; difficult experience; trial(test of patience or endurance); affliction
ordinance
decree; authoritative order
orient
get one's bearings; adjust; make familiar with a situation; orientate
orientation
act of finding oneself in society; orienting
ornate
excessively or elaborately decorated
OROTUND
pompous
orthodox
traditional; (of someone) conservative in belief; adhering to an established doctrine
oscillate
vibrate pendulumlike; waver
OSSIFY
to change into bone; to become hardened or set in a rigidly conventional pattern
OSTENSIBLE
apparent
ostensible
apparent; appearing as such; professed(pretended); pretended; Ex. ostensible purpose of the expedition
OSTENTATION
excessive showiness
outlandish
bizzare; peculiar; unconventional
outmoded
no longer in fashion or use; no longer stylish; old-fashioned
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
outspoken
candid; blunt
outwit
outsmart; defeat by behaving more cleverly
overbearing
bossy; domineering and arrogant; decisively important; Ex. overbearing manner/importance; V. overbear: dominate
overt
open to view; public; not secret; CF. covert
OVERWROUGHT
agitated; overdone
ovoid
egg-shaped; CF. ovum; CF. ovulate
pachyderm
thick-skinned animal
pacifist
one opposed to force; antimilitarist; ADJ. N. pacifism: opposition to war as a means of resolving disputes
pacify
soothe; make calm or quiet; subdue; bring peace to
PALATIAL
relating to a palace; magnificent
palette
board on which painter mixes pigments(coloring matters)
PALLIATE
to make less serious; ease
PALLID
lacking color or liveliness
palpable
tangible; (of something bad) easily perceptible; obvious; Ex. palpable blunder
panacea
cure-all; remedy for all diseases
PANACHE
flamboyance or dash in style and action; verve
pandemic
widespread; affecting the majority of people; N: pandemic disease; CF. all people
pandemonium
wild tumult(commotion); wild noisy disorder; CF. Paradise Lost
PANEGYRIC
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise
PANOPLY
impressive array
panoramic
denoting an unobstructed and comprehensive view; N. panorama: unbroken view of a wide area
pantomime
acting without dialogue; V.
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
paradigm
model; example that serves as a model; pattern; list of all the inflectional forms of a word
PARADOX
a contradiction or dilemma
paradox
something apparently contradictory in nature (that may nonetheless be true); statement that looks false but is actually correct
PARAGON
model of excellence or perfection
paragon
model of perfection; Ex. paragon of virtue
parallelism
state of being parallel; similarity; analogy
paramount
foremost in importance; supreme; CF. para-: beyond; above; Ex. paranormal
paramour
illicit lover
paranoia
psychosis marked by delusions of grandeur or persecution; N: ADJ: paranoid, paranoiac
paraphernalia
equipment; odds and ends used in a particular activity; personal belongings; Ex. photographic paraphernalia; CF. married woman's property exclusive of her dowry
PARE
to trim off excess; reduce
parity
equality; close resemblance; CF. disparate
PARLEY
discussion, usually b/w enemies
parody
humorous imitation; spoof; takeoff; travesty; V.
paroxysm
fit or attack of pain, laughter, rage; sudden outburst
PARRY
to ward off or deflect, especially by a quick-witted answer
parry
ward off a blow; deflect; Ex. He parried the unwelcome question very skillfully; N. CF. ¸·´Â´Ù´Â °³³äÀÌ ¾Æ´Ô
parsimony
stinginess; excessive frugality; ADJ. parsimonious
partial
incomplete; favoring one side over another; having a liking for something
partiality
state of being partial; inclination; favorable bias; special fondness; preference
partition
divide into parts
passive
not active; acted upon; receiving an action without acting in return; accepting without resistance
PASTICHE
piece of literature or music imitating other works
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic; of a pastor
patent
obvious; easily seen; open for the public to read; of or protected by a patent; Ex. patent to everyone; N.
pathetic
causing sadness, compassion, pity; touching
PATHOGENIC
causing disease
pathological
pertaining to disease; N. pathology: study of disease
patriarch
father and ruler of a family or tribe
patronize
support; act superior toward; treat in a condescending manner; be a customer of; N. patron: one that supports; regular customer; N. patronage; CF. boycott
paucity
scarcity; dearth
pauper
very poor person
PECCADILLO
minor sin or offense
pecuniary
pertaining to money
pedagogue
teacher; CF. child leader
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
PEDANT
someone who shows off learning
pediatrician
physician specializing in children's diseases; N. pediatrics
peerless
having no equal; incomparable
PEJORATIVE
having bad connotations; disparaging
pendant(pendent)
hanging down from something; pending; N: ornament (hanging from a necklace etc.)
penitent
repentant; N.
PENURY
an oppressive lack of resource (as money); severe poverty
penury
extreme poverty; stinginess; ADJ. penurious: very poor; stingy
perceptive
insightful; showing a good ability at perceiving and understanding; aware; wise; of perception
PEREGRINATE
to wander from place to place; to travel, especially on foot
peregrination
journey; V. peregrinate
perennial
something long-lasting; perennial plant; ADJ: lasting through the year or many years; lasting for a long time; enduring
PERFIDIOUS
willing to betray one's trust
perfidious
treacherous; disloyal; N. perfidy: treachery
perforate
pierce; put a hole through
PERFUNCTORY
done in a routine way; indifferent
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care; superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm; Ex. perfunctory kiss
perigee
point of moon's orbit when it is nearest the earth; CF. apogee
perimeter
outer boundary; length of the outer boundary; circumference
PERIPATETIC
wandering from place to place, especially on foot
perjury
false testimony while under oath; V. perjure oneself: testify falsely under oath
permeable
that can be permeated; penetrable; porous; allowing liquids or gas to pass through; V. permeate: spread or flow throughout; charge
PERMEATE
to penetrate
perpetual
everlasting
perpetuate
make perpetual; make something last for a long time; preserve from extinction; N. perpetuity
PERSPICACIOUS
shrewd, astute, or keen-witted
perspicacious
(of someone) having insight; penetrating; astute
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
perspicuous
(of something) plainly expressed; easy to understand; Ex. perspicuous comments
pertinacious
holding tenaciously to an action; stubborn; persistent
pertinent
suitable; to the point; relevant
perturb
disturb greatly
PERVADE
to be present throughout; to permeate
pervasive
spread throughout; V. pervade: (of smells, ideas, feelings) spread throughout; charge; permeate
perversion
corruption; turning from right to wrong
PHALANX
a compact or close-knit body of people, animals, or things
philanderer
faithless lover; flirt
philanthropist
lover of mankind; doer of good; N. philanthropy
PHILISTINE
a person who is guided by materialism and is disdainful of intellectual or artistic values
PHLEGMATIC
calm and unemotional in temperament
phobia
morbid fear
phoenix
symbol of immortality or rebirth; Ex. phoenix rising from its ashes
piety
devoutness; reverence for God; ADJ. pious
pillage
plunder
pillory
punish by placing in a wooden frame or pillory; subject or expose to criticism and ridicule; N.
pinnacle
peak; highest point; acme; Ex. pinnacle of fame
pique
irritation; resentment from wounded pride (eg. loss in a contest); V: provoke; arouse; annoy; cause to feel resentment; Ex. pique her curiosity
PITHY
profound or substantial yet concise succinct, and to the point
placate
pacify; bring peace to; conciliate; appease
PLASTIC
able to be molded, altered, or bent
platitude
trite remark; commonplace statement; ADJ. platitudinous
platonic
purely spiritual; theoretical; without sensual desire
plausible
conceivably true; having a show of truth but open to doubt; specious
PLEBEIAN
crude or coarse; characteristic of commoners
PLETHORA
excess
PLUCKY
courageous; spunky
plutocracy
society ruled by the wealthy
podiatrist
doctor who treats ailments of the feet; chiropodist; N. podiatrics
podium
pedestal; raised platform
POLEMIC
controversy; argument; verbal attack
POLITIC
shrewd and practical in managing or dealing with things; diplomatic
politic
prudent; judicious; well judged; expedient; well devised
polity
(particular form of) political organization; form of government of nation or state; Ex. student polity
polygamist
one who has more than one spouse at a time; CF. bigamy; CF. polyandry
POLYGLOT
a speaker of many languages
polyglot
speaking several languages; multilingual; Ex. polyglot person/society; N.
pomposity
self-important behavior; acting like a stuffed shirt(pompous person); ADJ. pompous: self-important
porous
full of pores; like a sieve
portend
foretell; presage; be a sign or warning of; N. portent: sign; omen; forewarning
POSIT
to assume as real or conceded; propose as an explanation
potent
powerful; convincing; persuasive; greatly influential
POTENTATE
monarch or ruler with great power
practicable
feasible
practical
based on experience; of or acquired through practice (rather than theory); useful; Ex. practical man
PRAGMATIC
practical, as opposed to idealistic
pragmatic
practical (as opposed to idealistic); concerned with practical worth or impact of something; Ex. pragmatic test of the skill
pragmatist
practical person; N. pragmatism: pragmatic way of dealing with things
PRATTLE
meaningless; foolish talk
preamble
introductory statement
precedent
something preceding in time which may be used as an authority or guide for future action; V. precede; CF. unprecedented
precedent
preceding (in time, rank, etc.)
precept
practical rule guiding conduct; Ex. mother's precept
precipice
cliff; dangerous position; Ex. on the edge of the precipice
precipitant
something that causes a substance in a chemical solution to separate out in solid form; ħÀüÁ¦; OP. solvent
PRECIPITATE
to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
precipitate
hurl downward; throw headlong; hasten; cause to happen sooner; condense and fall as rain or snow; cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution; ADJ. hasty; rash; premature; sudden
precipitous
steep; overhasty; precipitate
PRECIS
short summary of facts
preclude
make impossible; prevent; exclude; eliminate
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
predetermine
determine in advance; predestine; settle or decide beforehand; influence markedly
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
preeminent
outstanding; superior
prefatory
introductory; of a preface
prelude
introduction; introductory performance or event; forerunner
premeditate
plan in advance; Ex. premeditated murder
premise
assumption; postulate; proposition upon which an argument is based
premonition
forewarning; presentiment; foreboding
premonitory
serving to warn
preponderance
superiority of power, quantity, etc.; V. preponderate: be greater in power, weight, or importance; ADJ. preponderant
preposterous
absurd; completely unreasonable; ridiculous
prerogative
privilege; unquestionable right; CF. ask before
presage
foretell; be a warning or sign of; N: presentiment; foreboding; omen
PRESCIENT
having foresight
presentiment
premonition; foreboding; feeling something will happen; anticipatory fear
pretext
excuse
prevalent
widespread; generally accepted
PREVARICATE
to lie or deviate from the truth
primordial
existing at the beginning (of time); rudimentary
PRISTINE
fresh and clean; uncorrupted
probe
explore with a probe or tools; investigate; N: slender instrument used to explore a wound or body cavity; device designed to investigate an unknown region; thorough investigation; Ex. space probe
PROBITY
complete honesty and integriity
probity
uprightness; honesty; incorruptibility
PROCLIVITY
a natural inclination or predisposition
proclivity
inclination; natural tendency (esp. towards something bad)
procurement
obtaining; V. procure: obtain by effort; obtain (a prostitute) for another
prodigal
wasteful; reckless with money; profuse; Ex. a mind prodigal of ideas; N. prodigality
prodigious
enormous; marvelous; extraordinary; Ex. prodigious amount/memory
prodigy
highly gifted child; person with exceptional talents; marvel; wonder
profane
violate; desecrate (something holy); treat unworthily; be profane for; ADJ: secular; nonreligious; irreverent for holy things
PROFLIGATE
corrupt; degenerate
profusion
great amount; plenty; overabundance; excess; lavish expenditure; Ex. profusion of choices; ADJ. profuse: plentiful; copious; giving or given abundantly; extravagant
progenitor
ancestor
prognosis
forecasted course of a disease; prediction; CF. prognostic
prognosticate
predict (according to present indications)
prohibitive
so high as to prohibit purchase or use; tending to prevent the purchase or use of something; prohibiting; inclined to prevent or forbid; Ex. prohibitive tax
projectile
missile; fired or thrown object (such as stone or bullet)
proletarian
member of the working class; blue collar guy; N. proletariat: working class (who have to work for wages)
PROLIFERATE
to increase in number quickly
proliferate
grow rapidly (in numbers); spread; multiply; N. proliferation
prolific
producing offspring or fruit in abundance; fertile; fecund; abundantly fruitful; producing abundant works; Ex. prolific writer
prologue
introduction (to a poem or play)
prominent
protruding(sticking out); conspicuous; notable; eminent
promontory
headland
prone
inclined to; likely to (suffer); prostrate; lying with the front downward; Ex. prone to disease/make mistakes; Ex. accident-prone
propagate
increase in number by producing young; multiply; spread; Ex. Most plants propagate by seed; Ex. newspaper propagating their ideas
propellant(propellent)
substance which propels or drives forward (such as an explosive charge or a rocket fuel)
propensity
natural inclination
prophetic
of a prophet or prophecy; having to do with predicting the future; N. prophecy; V. prophesy; N. prophet
prophylactic
used to prevent disease; N: something prophylactic; condom; N. prophylaxis: prevention of disease
PROPITIATE
to conciliate; to appease
proponent
supporter; backer; opposite of opponent
propound
put forth for consideration or analysis; set forth; Ex. propound a problem/theory
PROPRIETY
the quality of behaving in a proper manner; obeying rules and customs
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct; conformity to prevailing customs and usages; CF. proprietor, proprietary
propulsive
driving forward; N. propulsion
proscribe
prohibit; ostracize; banish; outlaw
prosperity
good fortune and financial success; physical well-being
prostrate
stretch out full on ground; make prostrate; enervate; Ex. prostrating illness; ADJ: lying face down; having lost all strength
prot\'eg\'e
person receiving protection and support from a patron
prototype
original work used as a model by others
protract
prolong; lengthen in time; draw out
protrude
stick out; jut; project; Ex. protruding teeth
provident
providing for future needs; displaying foresight; thrifty; preparing for emergencies; OP. improvident
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated
provisional
tentative; temporary
proviso
stipulation; condition in an agreement; provision
provocative
arousing anger or sexual interest; annoying; Ex. provocative in tight jeans; V. provoke: incite to anger; cause (an unpleasant action or feeling); N. provocation
proximity
nearness; ADJ. proximate
proxy
authorized agent; authority to act for another
PRUDENCE
wisdom, caution, restraint
prudent
cautious; careful; prudential
prune
cut away; trim
pseudonym
pen name; fictitious name assumed by an author; ADJ. pseudonymous
psyche
soul; mind
psychopathic
pertaining to mental dearrangement; N. psychopath: person with an antisocial personality disorder
psychosis
mental disorder; ADJ. N. psychotic
PUERILE
childish, immature, or silly
PUGILISM
boxing
pugilist
boxer; CF. pugilism: boxing
PULCHRITUDE
beauty