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Terms in this set (46)
MetamorphicFormed when rocks change by heat and pressureWeatheringWhen water, wind, and ice break down rocksErosionMovement of sediments by water, wind, and iceDepositionWhen wind, water, and gravity leave erode sediments in a new locationAtomic numberNumber of protons in a nucleusControlled variableKept the same in an experimentCompoundCombination of elements made from a chemical reactionChemical symbolAn abbreviation that represents an elementChemical changeMade when one or more substance changes into a new substanceDependent variableWhat you observe in an experimentElementsA Pure substance made of 1 or more atomsElectronA subatomic particle found outside the nucleus; has a negative chargeHypothesisAn educated guess to answer a questionIndependent variableWhat you can change in an experimentLaw of Conservation of MassMass is not created or destroyedLaw of Conservation of EnergyEnergy is not created or destroyedMixtureWhen two elements are mixed; can be separatedMetalSolid; Luster; Malleable; Conductor;MetalloidSome properties of metal and nonmetals; SemiConductorNeutronSubatomic particle with no charge; located in nucleasNon MetalMany are gases; solids lack luster and dull; poor conductors of electricityProtonA subatomic particle; positive charge; located in nucleasPhysical changeA change that affects physical propertiesVariableWhat you change in an experimentasthenospherelayer in the upper part of Earth's mantle that is made of a material that can be reshaped and deformed, and on which continents move.cleavagethe tendency of a mineral to split along specific planes of weakness, to form smooth, flat surfaces.conductiontransfer of heat from a warmer substance to a cooler substance through direct transformationthe process of energy changing from one form into another.energythe ability to cause changekinetic energythe energy of an object that is due to an object's motionlithosphereoutermost layer of Earth's surface which is rocky and solid; includes the crust and the rigid part of the upper mantlemotionan object's change in position relative to a reference pointoceanic crustportions of Earth's outer crust that lies beneath the ocean. It is thinner and denser and has darker colored minerals than the continental crust.positionthe location of an objectradiationtransfer of energy in the form of electromagnetic wavesreference pointa location to which another location is compared

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