Chapter 5 WorldHistory
Terms in this set (77)
A fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek City where citizens gathered to discuss city government
Virtue and excellence
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class are nobility.
The philosopher who questioned the nature of the world and of human belief,thought, and knowledge.
The Athenian who introuced futher reforms.
An alliance several Greek city-states formed.
A government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives.
A large narrative poem celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes.
Helen of Troy
Daughter of Zeus and Leda (or Nemesis), step-daughter of King Tyndareus, wife of Menelaus and sister of Castor, Polydeuces and Clytemnestra. Her abduction by Paris brought about the Trojan War.
A blind man who was the greatest storyteller.
One of Homer's great epic poems.
Son of the Lion.
A town in Greece.
One of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer.
A government in which power is in hands of a few people.
A piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to mainland.
A leader of Athens who was responsible for rebuilding Athens following the Persian Wars.
A series of wars in the fifth century B.C., in which Greek city-states battled the Persian Empire.
A military formation of foot soliders arme with spears and shields.
A young runner the army leaders chose.
A student of Socrates.
A Greek city-state- the fundametal political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.
An island a few miles southwest of Athens.
A 4 to 7 meter (13-21 feet) long spear used in the ancient Greek and Hellenistic warfare.
Came to power in 594 B.C.
A city-state in central Greece.
A war, fought around 1200 B.C, in which an army led by
In ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control of a city-state's government by appealing to the poor for support.
The Great's son and successor who assembled an enormous invasion force to crush Athens.
The first legislator of Athens in Ancient Greece.
An Athenian politician and a general.
A temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.
The popular spoken lanuage used in Hellenistic cities, was te direct result of cultural blending.
A ruler of Pharos involved in the First Illyrian War, after which he ruled a portion of the Illyrian Adriatic coast on behalf of the Romans, as a Client king.
Relating to the civilization,language,aart,science,and literature of the Greek world from the reign of Alexander the Great to the late second century B.C.
A citizen-soldier of the Ancient Greek city-states.
The director of the Alexandrian Library, tried to calculate Earth's true size.
The son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope of Mycenae, the brother of Menelaus, the husband of Clytemnestra, and the father of Electra and Orestes.
An Indo-European person who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000 B.C.
Nearly cut off from the rest of Greece by the Gulf of Corinth.
a concept devised by historians of Ancient Greece to explain the replacement of pre-classical dialects and traditions in southern Greece by the ones that prevailed in Classical Greece.
Referred to actions that shamed and humiliated the victim for the pleasure or gratification of the abuser.
School of thought
The Greek goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, and procreation.
The god of prophecy, music, and healing.
The god of war,
The Greek goddess of the hunt,
Goddess of Wisdom
The goddess of the harvest
The god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual madness and ecstasy
The god of fire
The wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion
The Greek god of herds and herald of the gods
Zeus sister, the Goddess of the Hearth
The god of the sky and ruler of the Olympian gods.
The god of love
The god of the underworld,
The goddess queen of the underworld, wife of the god Haides
One of the 3 top gods in Greek mythology, brothers who divided the world among themselves.
The protogenos (primordial god) of the great stormy Tartarean pit that lay beneath the earth.
God of Weightlifting and Heavy Burdens.
The first woman, who was made out of clay
Son of Priam and Hecuba and brother of Hector
The Creation of Man
Leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans
Group of 12 gods who ruled after the overthow of the Titans
Strongest of all mortals
King punished by being compelled to roll an immense boulder up a hill
Mythological Greek hero
Anything laid up or suspended; hence anything laid up in a temple or set apart as sacred
Opinion or belief
Personification of horror
When you go beyond what is needed or appropriate.
Acclaim or praise for exceptional achievement.
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