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THE RESTORATION AND THE 18TH CENTURY

STUDY
PLAY
CHARLES II RETURNS
1660
PLAGUE BROKE OUT IN LONDON
1665
THE GREAT FIRE OF LONDON
1666
GLORIOUS REVOLUTION (WILLIAM AND MARY BECOME KING AND QUEEN)
1688
THE UNIVERSE WAS THOUGHT TO BE A _______ __________ , SET IN MOTION BY GOD, AND COULD BE UNDERSTOOD THROUGH __________ & __________
PERFECT MECHANISM

OBSERVATION AND REASON
RATIONAL THOUGH WAS OCNSIDERED THE MOST POWERFUL WAY TO APPROACH THE WORLD
ENLIGHTENMENT/ AGE OF REASON
LITERATURE WAS INFLUENCED BY ____________ CLASSICAL IDEAS AND PREFERENCES
FRENCH
EMPHASIZES ON BRILLIANCE AND CLEERNESS
WIT
BECAME A DOMINANT FORM
SATIRE
2 MOST FAMOUS SATIRISTS
ALEXANDER POPE AND JONATHAN SWIFT
IN NEOCLASSIAL TRADITION USED FORMS IMITATING LATIN CLASSICS
AUGUSTAN AGE
ROMAN EMPEROR WAS A PATRON OF WRITERS AND ARTISTS
AUGUSTUS
WHO BROUGHT CULTURE OF THE FRENCH ARISTOCRATS
CHARLES II
formal and artificial fashions - makeup, powered wigs, elaborate clothing
upper class
recreation- balls, dances
upper class
inadequate living conditions (housing)
lower class
74% of children in London died before 5 yrs old
due to poor health in the lower class
_______ were expected to work
children
debtors were often sent to ______
prison
little medical health for rich or poor ??
poor
the first half of the 18th century was memorable for the satire of ____________ and ___________
alexander pope and johnathan swift
the message of the satire of alexander pope and swift were
need of traditional values, asserting good sense and controlling foolishness and corruption
during the second half of the 18th century who was the dominant literary figure?
samuel johnson
who represents a transition from augustan period to the romantic period
samuel johnson
he is responsible for the first comprehensive dicitonary of the english language
samuel johnson
who wrote the first english novel and what was is called
daniel defoe
"robinson crusoe"
who were the women writers of the 18th century?
Aphra Behn, Eliza Haywood, Fanny Burney
Puritans closed the theater in _____ b/c the puritans believed plays were immoral
1642
Charles II reopened theaters in _____
1660
theater going became popular again in the_____
1660s
the heir to Charles II
his brother James II
who was roman catholic
parliament expelled james II in the ___________ ____________
glorious revolution (1688)
______________ and _____ (jamesII protestant daughter) became king and queen
william of orange and mary
william and mary restricted the rights of whom?
catholics, puritans, and those who didnt belong to the church of england
what did the test act of 1673 do ?
deprived catholics the right to hold office
what did the penal laws of 1695 do ?
withheld civil rights from irish catholics
the belief that a creator set an orderly universe in motion and then alowed it to run its own course with out divinge intervention
deism
a system based on reason and teh observation of nature
deism
_________ ________ dominated religious life and state religion
anglican church
protestants who remained outside the Anglican Chruch
dissenters
dissenters and catholics experienced _____ ______
civil restricitons
this catholic was forced to resign as englands poet laureate
john dryden
this catholic could not be educated at a university or hold a puBlic position
alexander pope
who was unable to attend Oxford or Cambridge b/c his presbyterian faith
daniel defoe
who wrote The shortest way with Dissenters
daniel defoe
why did defoe write "the shortest way with dissenters"?
to react to the religious intolerance
he was arrested, tried and sentenced to 3 appearances in the stocks/ pillory
daniel defoe