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9.1 The Origins of Progressivism

Chapter 9 The Progressive Era Unit 1 The Origins of Progressivism
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progressive movement
era aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life
goals of the progressive movement
1. protect social welfare
2. promote moral improvement
3. create economic reform
4. foster efficiency
Young Men's Christian Association
worked to soften some of the harsh conditionsof industrialization. They opened libraries, sponsored classes, and buit swimming pools and handball courts
Florence Kelly
advocate for improving the lives of women and children. was appointed chief inspector of factories for Illinois after she had helped to win passage of the Illinois Factory Act in 1893
Illinois Factory Act (1893)
act which prohibited child labor and limited women's working hours
prohibition
banning of alcoholic beverages
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
group that promoted prohibition. members would enter saloons, singing, praying, and urging saloonkeepers to stop selling alcohol
Frances Willard
turned the WCTU into a national organization. had the "do everything" slogan and began opening kindergartens for immigrants, visiting inmates, and working for suffrage
Carry Nation
woman who worked for prohibiton by walking into saloons, scolding the customers, and destroying bottles
Anti-Saloon League
members sought to close saloons to cure society's problems, caused tensions between them and immigrants, whose customs included the consumption of alcohol and provided jobs
Eugene V. Debs
sought to organize the american socialist party
muckrakers
journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation magazines
Ida M. Tarbell
muckraker who critizied Rockefeller
Louis D. Brandeis
used "Brandeis brief" for legal arguments
"brandeis brief"
argument that focused on data produced by social scientists instead of just legal arguments
Frederick Winslow Taylor
used time and motion studies to improve efficiency by breaking manufacturing into tasks
scientific management
studies used to improve manufacturing efficiencies
Henry Ford
reduced the workday to eight hours and paid workers $5 in order to prevent strikes
commission style government
experts took charge of different city departments
council-manager style government
people elect a city council to make laws. The council in turn appoints a manager to run departments
Robert M. La Follette
Wisconsin Republican governor who led the way in regulating big business. targeted the railroad industry- taxed railroad property, set up a commission, and forbade railroads to issue free passes to state officials
National Child Labor Committee
formed to protect workers and end child labor. They sent investigators to gather evidence of children working in harsh conditions. They then organzied exhibitions with photos and statistics to dramatixe the children's plight
Keating-Owen Act
act that prohibited the transportation across state lines of goods produced with child labor
Muller v. Oregon
case that upheld Oregon law limiting women to a ten-hour workday
Bunting v. Oregon
case that persuaded the Court to uphold a ten-hour workday for men
workers' compensation
aid that assisted families of workers who were hurt or killed on the job
Australian ballot
secret ballot
initiative
a bill originated by the people rather than law makers
referendum
a vote on an initiative
recall
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected psitions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term
primary system
enabled voters to choose candidate for publicoffice through a special popular election
17th Amendment
popular election of senators
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