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Test Four - Muscles
Terms in this set (53)
Which type of arthritis is caused by a dietary problem, rich amino-acid containing foods?
Which type of arthritis is an auto immune disease, the body itself destroying cartilage?
Simple arthritis due to old age is properly called
Group of muscle fibers, the fascicles, are surrounded by a thin connective tissue membrane called the
an actual muscle is really multiple groupings of microscopic fibers into larger and larger bundles, the largest bundles (making up the visible muscle) being surrounded by thin connective tissue called the
Small to large sheets of ________ form connective tissue to aid muscle attachment and cover muscles
A single fiber of skeletal muscle would be a _________, while one unit of muscle contraction would be a ________ ?
During a single muscle contraction, protein filaments (myofilaments) called ____ and _____ move
Name the type of myofilaments (structural protein) that is always confined to the dark bands
A myofilament unit extending from a z line or disk across a dark band to another z line or disk would be called a
Which chemical provides the energy for a muscle contraction?
Which chemical can provide additional energy for contraction if necessary?
A single fiber (cell) of muscle is covered by a membrane of connective tissue holding it together, name the membrane
belly (thick middle part)
what is another word (English) for gast=- of a muscle?
If the biceps brachii flexes the lower arm, the triceps brachii ______ it
which action involves raising your arm into line with your shoulder?
of the upper arm muscles, which would the agonist?
which large ante-brachial muscle could be considered a synergist both stabilizing the elbow and assisting forearm movements?
the laughing muscles would be the
which muscle group puckers the lips for whistling and kissing?
When men shave under their chin, they are shaving the skin over the ______ muscles
Back spasms often result from damage to the groups of ____________ muscles
how many muscles are there in an average human body?
During its relaxed condition, the diaphragm is
where would the deltoid muscle insert on the humerus?
large cells that can remodel bone by removing calcium from them are called?
the cartilaginous plates separating the shaft from the ends of a growing bone are called the
At about what age does bone growth (elongation) stop in humans?
blood is produced by ________ tissue, which is a type of stem cell
which hormone is responsible for increasing calcium levels in the blood
the near absence of which hormone in adults can be a factor leading to osteoporosis?
a _________ of dense connective tissue holds muscles to bone
a _______ of dense connective tissue holds bone to bone
name the unique joint that holds a tooth in its alveolus
sutures, as in the skull, technically, are _______ joints
the point where two bones come together and join or move is called the _________ point
a tooth is held in its alveolus by a _________ ligament
synovial fluid is secreted by the
the inorganic component of bone is mostly
the joint between two vertebrae is technically a _____ held together by _____ cartilage
the elbow is an excellent example of a _____ synovial joint
the atlas and the axis together for a _____ synovial joint
ball & socket
the shoulder is an example of a ___________ synovial joint
your hip joint technically is the ______ joint
how many bones help form the knee joint?
ligaments within the knee joint are called the _____ ligaments
the shoulder joint is deepened and made more stable by cartilage and ligaments forming the
one unit of compact bone is called an
which neurotransmitter (a chemical produced at the end of the nerves) is necessary before a skeletal muscle can contract?
young mandible hinges into which bone of the skull?
the major ORGANIC component of bone is
a dog has two mandibles held together at the front by cartilage at the mandibular ______, lacking in humans
radius and ulna; tibia and fibula
name one area you would find a syndesmosis joint
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Biology1161 Final Exam Review
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