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History of Furnishings: English Baroque
Terms in this set (51)
Charles II (1600-1689)
His time period was also known as the English Restoration (or English Baroque); Helped to restore the monarchy.
Was cousin to Louis XIV of France; visits his cousin, sees Versailles, brings back styles → the extravagances, elegance.
Destroyed a large part of England; Sir Christopher Wren became a leading architect. Started as result of a fire from a bakery
Rebuilding Act of 1667
Standardized: Wall thickness, floor height, and use of brick
Sir Christopher Wren
Greatest British architect of all time; influenced by Palladio
St. Paul's Cathedral
Used circles, ovals, symmetrical and proportional → studied from Palladio.
English are a little bit different than Italian and French; their Baroque is a little more like the Renaissance
Architects: Sir John Vanbrugh
Architects: William Talman
Architects: Thomas Archer
Architects: Nicolas Hawksmoor
Built by Sir Nicholas Crisp; typical of the kind of manor house that was developed during the Restoration period
English Renaissance: Exteriors
Netherland influence; more classical, not a whole lot of protruding
English Renaissance: Interiors
Pargework: loosens up, incorporation of curved lines.
Curved foliage, acanthus leaves
Charles II restored it to resemble Versailles.
Wall composition and ceiling coming together; Gold gilding
Queen's closet; some similarities, gold gilding, but still pretty proportional
Rooms of State
Were the most extravagantly decorated; A lot of wood carving, gold
Famous for his wood carvings of garlands, swags, and drop ornaments composed of natural objects that realistically portrayed in high relief; After carved, would be applied to the wall.
English Baroque time period is known as...
THE AGE OF WALNUT
English Baroque Interiors: Flooring
Both marble and oak flooring was used; Parquet flooring was used less in England than in France.
Was used to create emphasis- used in the Hall of Mirrors, used in King's Bedroom.
English Baroque Interiors: staircases
Pierced Carving- Staircase feature.
Greater emphasis was given to staircases and areas around them.
Pierced because you could see through them.
Attributed to Edmund Pearce .
English Baroque Interiors: Tapestries
Had one set for winter and one set for summer.
English Baroque Interiors: Walls
Wood paneling, mirrors, tapestries, leather, tile
English Baroque Interiors: Windows
Example of a casement windows in a 17th-century Dutch painting. Casement opens out or into a room, and double hung opens up and down; seen for the first time.
Chairs continues to be seats of honor; persons of lesser rank sat on stools.
Baroque is seen in the furniture; see barley twist; Irregular, misshapen
Furniture: Continental chair
Caning for seats and back; Large rectangular back is reminiscent of Gothic period. Caning is framed on back of chair; utilizes concept of pierced carving → BIGGEST CLUE THAT ITS ENGLISH
Pierced carving; Similar to continental chair
Furniture: Upholstered side chair
Spanish foot or paintbrush; Down turning arms. Saltire stretcher
Furniture: Upholstered Wing Chair
H stretchers (very popular with the English); Bell turning/inverted cup.
The English tried to play around with reclining.
Furniture: Sleeping chair
First attempt at a reclining chair; Large rectangular back with wings
Furniture: Day Bed
Attempt to portray a more relaxed social atmosphere; Caning on bed and back.
Framed with priced carving; Lower stretchers and higher stretcher that is curved.
Used for the serving of tea, card tables, writing; More permanent placement in rooms.
Furniture: side table
Barley twist legs that are connected by stretchers; Perimeter stretcher.
Teardrop pull; Top of the table makes use of caning.
Stretchers at two levels.
Furniture: Chest of Drawers
Made of walnut; Marquetry; Bracket feet
Furniture: Cabinet on a Stand
Barley twist legs; Stretchers.
Used marquetry with different types of veneers and woods
William & Mary (1689-1702)
After exiling James, William and Mary were invited to rule together as a team.
See England prosper under their rule, more united; simplify things, get rid of the ideas of extravagance
Made of walnut; Elaborate pierced and arched crest rail.
Inverted cup with bun foot; Saltire stretcher
EVOLUTION: Backs of chairs become elongated, not as wide, Less details, some are armless, This style of chair becomes lighter in proportion
Furniture: Side chairs
More simple in form, still have stretchers and ball turning; upholstered & use of fringe.
Fringe was used to cover the junction of upholstery to the frame and to serve as ornament.
Furniture: Dressing Table
Tear drop drawers pulls; Saltire stretcher. Inverted cup legs; see use of mirror
Furniture: Game Table
Use of lacquer; Lacquer makes the table shiny.
Either red or black background, sometimes green.
Chinoiserie designs were applied
technique used to imitate Oriental lacquer; used by English craftsmen to imitate Oriental lacquer
Decorative motifs based on oriental designs
Tester bed was the focal point; French and Italian DON'T use it
Furniture: Walnut Side Table
Ball feet & Seaweed marquetry
Furniture: Chest of Drawers
Seaweed marquetry, 2/2- 2 smaller drawers on top of 2 large drawers (storage, could be 3/2)
Furniture: Walnut Highboy
Strong molding that separates the top from the bottom; Chest on a stand.
Considered a novelty piece and perimeter stretcher.
Up to 6ft. tall.
Use of green lacquer, Caned seats
Furniture: Writing Table
Gerrit Jenson prominent cabinet designer; Uses marquetry
Decorative Techniques: Seaweed Marquetry
Seaweed marquetry is a type of marquetry where only two different woods are employed.
The result is a much finer scale design and linear design.
Decorative Techniques: Cross-banding
Cross-banding is used on case pieces, it consists of a border often employed in drawer fronts, the grain direction of this border is perpendicular to the surface it surrounds
Decorative Techniques: Parquetry
Pieces of material laid in a geometric pattern; The technique can assume many forms, one form which became popular is oysterwork
Decorative Techniques: Oysterwork
Utilizing small branches of trees, a series of thin transverse slices are cut; laid on the carcass, these oval or circular configurations reveal the annual ring
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OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
History of Furnishings: French Baroque
History of Furnishings: Italian Baroque
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