40 terms

Language Arts - Literature Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Act
An act is the largest section of a play. Plays are divided into acts, and acts are divided into scenes.
Alliteration
It is a stylistic device in which a number of words, having the same first consonant sound, occur close together in a series.
Blank Verse
Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
Iambic Pentameter
A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable.
Character
A person in a story or
A description of qualities or peculiarities
Characterization
Actions, dialogue, and narrative description that reveal a sense of a character's personality to the reader.
Climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
Conflict
A struggle between opposing forces. There are three main types: man vs. man, man vs. nature, man vs. himself.
Couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Dialogue
Conversation between two or more people
Figurative language
Figurative language is language that doesn't just use words for their dictionary meaning. Figurative language uses words to make comparisons or for emotional impact.
Foreshadow
Foreshadowing is when the writer hints at something that will happen later in the sorry. It's a hint or suggestion of what's coming up.
Genre
A category or type of literature (or of art, music, etc.) characterized by a particular form, style, or content.
Hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Idiom
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Irony
Irony is when the truth, or what a character means, is the opposite of what is said. sometime irony can be similar to sarcasm. There are different types of irony, like dramatic irony (when the audience knows information the character doesn't know).
Line
In drama, a line of dialogue is what one character says, called out by that character's name before the text.
In poetry, a line is one row (or line) of words in a stanza. Poems are divided into stanzas, and stanzas are divided into lines.
Metaphor
A metaphor is a type of figurative language when the writer says something is something else, drawing a parallel between the two things. For example, it's a metaphor to say "my love is a flower," or "bob is a pig."
Meter Poetry
Meter is the rhythm of the language in poetry.
Monologue
A long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as part of a theatrical or broadcast program.
Narrator
Person telling the story
Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words. Simple examples include such words as buzz, hiss, hum, crack, whinny, and murmur. If you note examples of onomatopoeia in an essay passage, note the effect.
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
Parody
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
Personification
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions. Personification is used to make these abstractions, animals, or objects appear more vivid to the reader.
Point of View
The story's perspective is its point of view. If a character tells the story
First Person
"I" and "Me" standpoint. Personal perspective.
Second Person
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.
Third Person
Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story - an observer
Repetition
Repetition is used in writing to give emphasis to certain ideas or worse. One example is Martin Luther King, Jr.' famous "I have a dream speech, in which he repeats the words, "I have a dream" for emphasis.
Rhyme
Correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
Rhythm
Rhythm is the number of syllable sin language and how those syllables are emphasized. many poems are written according to rules of rhythm.
Satire
Satire is a type of writing that makes fun of people or events. Often, satire makes fun of political situations or political figures.
Scene
A scene is a small section of a play, usually taking place in one setting. Plays are divided int acts, and acts are divided into scenes.
Simile
A simile is a comparison using a word such as "like" or "as." Examples of simile includes, "fat as a pig," "big as a house," or "sims like a fish."
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem usually separated by extra space between the stanzas. Poems are divided into stanzas, and stanzas are divided into lines.
Theme
Central idea of a work of literature
Tone
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization on the sentence and global levels.
Understatment
Understatement means saying something much less strongly than is obviously true. Understatement is typically sarcastic. For example, you might say, "We just have a teeny, tine budget deficit" to make fun of how big the budget deficit is.
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