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makes fun of different issues

types of plays

tragedy, comedy, satyr


an individual who sponsored each playwright entering the Dionysia, and paid for the production of the playwright's work. The choregos would provide backdrops, costumes and props, while the playwright would cast and direct the actors


"dancing space," or the open circle of ground surrounded by stone or wood benches, where the play would be performed


"scene building," which provided space for the actors to change costumes, masks and wigs; where props were stored, or which could be used as a backdrop to represent different locations


"viewing space," the seating area, usually comprised of benches made of wood or stone, built into a hillside surrounding the area, and arranged in a series of graduated semi-circles. A theatron could seat up to 15,000 people, and would have excellent acoustics so that audience members could hear the performers on stage even from the seats furthest away


"rolling out machine," or type of cart, that could be wheeled out from the skene to the orchestra to suggest the shift from an exterior scene to an interior scene. It was also used in many tragedies after violent scenes to roll dead bodies out of the audience's sight

deus ex machina

"God out of the machines," a crane used to create the illusion of flying by actors playing gods or goddesses. Today the phrase is used to describe and time a major problem is solved abruptly, seemingly through divine interpretation or fate

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