Am Gov Chapter 3 section 1 quiz
Terms in this set (28)
authority of a court to rule on certain cases
establishes that all treaties and laws passed by congress shall be the supreme law of the land
rule by the people
a system in which power of government is divided between national and state governments
separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government
checks and balances
the system where each branch exercises some control over other branches
the power for courts to declare certain laws or actions of a state unconstitutional
What are the three branches of government?
Executive, legislative, and judicial
What does the US Constitution do?
It sets out the structure and powers of the government, but does not spell out every detail about how the government should work
What are the three parts of the Constitution?
1. Preamble 2. Articles 3. Amendments
How many words are in the Constitution?
What is the purpose of the preamble?
To explain why the Constitution was written and to state the purposes of government.
How many articles are in the Constitution?
what does each article do?
Each article covers a different general topic.
How is each article split up?
Into different sections
What does Article I do?
Establishes the legislative branch and creates the Congress. Other parts of Article I spell out the procedures for making laws, lists the types of laws Congress can pass, and names specific powers Congress doesn't have.
What does Article II do?
Creates the executive branch for the purpose of carrying out laws passed by Congress
What does Article III do?
establishes a Supreme Court to head the Judicial Branch. Also gives national government the power to create lower federal courts
What does article IV do?
explains the relationship of the states to one another and to the national government. This article requires each state to give citizens of other states the same rights as its own citizens, addresses admitting new states, and guarantees the national government will protect the states against domestic violence and invasion.
What does Article V do?
Spells out the ways the Constitution can be changed/amended.
What does Article VI do?
It contains the Supremacy clause, establishing that the Constitution of the United States shall be supreme law of the land.
What does Article VII do?
Adresses ratifications and declared the Constitution would take effect after it was ratified by nine states.
How many times has the Constitution been amended in history?
How does amending the Constitution help the people?
Amending the Constitution provides a way this document can remain responsive to the needs of a this changing nation.
What are the 6 major principles of the Constitution?
Popular Sovereignty, Separation of Powers, Judicial Review, Federalism, Limited Government and Checks and Balances