APES Chapter 12 Vocab
Nonrenewable Energy Resources
Terms in this set (27)
An energy source with a finite supply, primarily the fossil fuels and nuclear fuels.
A fuel derived from biological material that became fossilized millions of years ago.
Fuel derived from radioactive materials that give of energy.
Commercial Energy Source
An energy source that is bought and sold.
Subsistence Energy Source
Energy sources gathered by individuals for their own immediate needs.
A device with blades that can be turned by water, wind, steam, or exhaust gas from combustion that turns a generator in an electricity-producing plant.
Something that can move and deliver energy in a convenient, usable form to end users.
A network of interconnected transmission lines that joins power plants together and links them with end users of electricity.
A power plant that uses both exhaust gases and steam turbines to generate electricity.
In reference to an electricity-generating plant, the maximum electrical output
The fraction of time a power plant operates in a year.
The use of a single fuel to generate electricity and to produce heat.
Solid fuel formed primarily from the remains of trees, ferns, and other plant materials preserved 280 million to 360 million years ago.
A fossil fuel that occurs in underground deposits, composed of a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons, water, and sulfur.
Liquid petroleum removed from the ground.
Slow-flowing, viscous deposits of bitumen mixed with sand, water, and clay.
A degraded petroleum that forms when petroleum migrates to the surface of Earth and is modified by bacteria; also called tar or pitch.
The process of converting solid coal into liquid fuel.
The energy use per unit of gross domestic product.
A bell-shaped curve representing oil use and projecting both when world oil production will reach a maximum and when we will run out of oil.
The point at which half the total known oil supply is used up.
A nuclear reaction in which a neutron strikes a relatively large atomic nucleus, which then splits into two or more parts, releasing additional neutrons and energy in the form of heat.
A cylindrical tube that encloses nuclear fuel within a nuclear reactor.
A cylindrical device inserted between the fuel rods in a nuclear reactor to absorb excess neutrons and slow or stop the fission reaction.
Unit that measures the rate at which a sample of radioactive material decays; 1 Bq = decay of 1 atom or nucleus per second.
A unit of measure for radiation; 1 curie = 37 billion decays per second.
A reaction that occurs when lighter nuclei are forced together to produce heavier nuclei.
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