26 terms


Fertile Crescent
a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
River Valley
provided water and rich soil for crops as well as protection from invasion by nomadic peoples, "Cradles of Civilization"
Mesopotamian Civilization
located in the Tigris & Euphrates River Valleys (SW Asia)
Egyptian Civilization
located in the Nile River Valley and Nile Delta (Africa)
Indian Civilization
located Indus River Valley (South Asia)
Chinese Civlization
located in the Huang He River Valley (East China)
settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of the Fertile Crescent in SW Asia)
settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of the Fertile Crescent in SW Asia), known for domination of sea and river trade
located on the Upper Nile River (southern section)
Hereditary Rulers
family lines of rulers (kings or pharaohs)
the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
Ten Commandments
A set of laws for responsible behavior, which, according to the Bible, were given to Moses by God, one of the first written legal codes
Code of Hammurabi
the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to the 18th century BC, the earliest legal code known in its entirety
bronze & iron
metals used in weapons and tools
belief in many gods, practiced by nearly all early civilizations
belief in one god, practiced in the early times by only the Hebrews
Hebrew monotheistic religion, uses the Torah, and the Ten Commandments
founder of Judaism, made a covenant with God for the promised land
prophet of Judaism, led the Hebrews out of enslavement in Egypt, received the 10 Commandments from God
Holy City of Judaism
Jewish exile
When the Jews were forced out of Judah and Isreal by the Babylonians (Nebuchadnezzar II) and forced into Babylonia away from their temple. This forced them to write down their teachings (torah) which is why they are still here today
Jewish Diaspora
the scattering of the Jewish people outside their homeland beginning about 586 BCE
drawing used to represent a word, earliest written symbols
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Sumer, Mesopotamia and Persia
a set of letters that can be combined to form words, first used by the Phoenicians

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