17 terms

Chapter 12 Achievement

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

achievement
the psychosocial domain concerning behaviors and feelings in evaluative situations
need for achievement
a need that influences the extent to which individual strives for success in evaluative situations
fear of failure
fear of the consequences of failing in achievement situations
underachievers
individuals whose actual school performance is lower than what would be expected on the basis of objective measures of their aptitude or intelligence
self-handicapping
deliberately behaving in ways that will likely interfere with doing well, in order to have an excuse for failing
intrinsic motivation
motivation based on the pleasure one will experience from mastering a task
extrinsic motivation
motivation based on the rewards one will receive for successful performance
stereotype threat
the harmful effect that exposure to stereotypes about ethnic or sex differences in ability has on student performance
self-efficacy
the sense that an individual has some control over his or her life
achievement attributions
the beliefs an individual holds about the causes of her or his successes and failures
learned helplessness
the acquired belief that an individual is not able to influence events through his or her own efforts or actions
cultural capital
the resources provided within a facility through the exposure of the adolescent to art, music, literature, and other elements of "high culture"
social capital
the interpersonal resources available to an adolescent or family
school performance
a measure of achievement based on an individual's grades in school
academic achievement
achievement that is measured by standardized tests of scholastic ability or knowledge
educational attainment
the number of years of schooling completed by an individual
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
a periodic testing of American 4th-,8th-, and 12th-graders by the feral government used to track achievement