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Unit 5 - Russia Vocabulary
Terms in this set (35)
rich, black topsoil found in the North European Plain, especially in Russia and Ukraine.
electrical energy generated by falling water.
permanently frozen layer of soil beneath the surface of the ground.
vast, treeless plains in cold northern climates, characterized by permafrost and small, low plants, such as mosses and shrubs.
Russian term for the vast subarctic forest, mostly evergreens, that covers much of Russia and Siberia.
wide, grassy plains of Eurasia; also, similar semiarid climate regions elsewhere
group of people who share common ancestry, language, religion, customs, or combination of such characteristics.
large, distinct ethnic groups within a country
ruler of Russia until the 1917 revolution
laborer obliged to remain on the land where he or she works
in 19th century Russia, a government program that required everyone in the empire to speak Russian and to become Christian
political philosophy in which the government owns the means of production
a revolutionary group in Russia led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
society based on equality in which workers would control industrial production
a country controlled by another country, notably Eastern European countries controlled by the Soviet Union by the end of World War II.
Power struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States after World War II.
in Russian, "restructuring"; part of Gorbachev's plan for reforming Soviet government.
Russian term for a new "openness," part of Mikhail Gorbachev's reform plans.
the belief that there is no God
the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church
religious image, usually including a picture of Jesus, Mary, or a saint, used mainly by Orthodox Christians
in czarist Russia, an attack on Jews carried out by government troops or officials.
realistic style of art and literature that glorified Soviet ideals and goals
economic system in which economic decisions about production and distribution are made by some central authority
goods that directly satisfy human wants
any illegal market where scarce or illegal goods are sold, usually at high prices
an economic system based on free enterprise, which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
a change to private ownership of state-owned companies and industries
in the Soviet Union, a small farm worked by farmers who shared in the farm's production and profits
in the Soviet Union, a large farmed owned and run by the state
material contaminated by residue from the generation of nuclear energy
chemical used to kill insects, rodents, and other pests
the by-product of producing nuclear power
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