14 terms

Grammar 1--parts of speech

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adverb
She walked quickly.
He jumped high.
The boy reads well.

Quickly, high and well are adverbs because they describe how she walked, how he jumped and how the boy reads.
adjective
The ball is huge.
That picture is beautiful.
Thank you for a delicious lunch.

huge, beautiful and delicious are adjectives because they describe a ball, picture, and lunch.
article
a, an, the
Articles are placed before nouns.

Do you have a pencil?
Did you see the teacher yesterday?
An elephant is bigger than a monkey.
conjunction
and, but, when, while, before, after, since, if, because, although, that

Conjunctions help connect simple sentences to make compound sentences. Conjunctions connect phrases.

The monkey is small. The elephant is big.
The monkey is small, but the elephant is big.

I like ice cream. Sally likes pizza.
I like ice cream, and sally likes pizza.
preposition
in, on, under, in front of, beside, on top of, after, before, in between

words or phrases that show where or when

She is in the classroom.
He came to school after 9 o'clock.
prepositional phrase
preposition + object of the preposition

In the + house
Behind the + car
Next to the + desk
connective
but, when, because, however, then, therefore

Words that connect ideas together.

Our last Math test scores were not good. Therefore, it's a good idea to study harder this time.

She's good at drawing. However, she's a bit messy when she paints.
noun
person, place, thing

My leg hurts. (leg)
China is a big country. (China, country)
Happiness is important (happiness)
be verb
is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been

These words show something exists.

The bag is in the car.
Tom and Joe were at home yesterday.
The boy is being good today.
subject pronoun
he, she, it, they, we, you

He is my brother. (he)
They gave me a soccer ball for my birthday. (they)
object pronoun
me, him, her, it, them, us, you

Do you like him? (him)
Go and talk to them. (them)
demonstrative pronoun
this, that, these, those

These are my shoes. (These)
That is the science classroom. (That)
possessive pronoun
his, her / hers, ours, theirs, yours, its

This is her Math test.
Are these lockers theirs?
object
the person or thing being affected by an action

John kicked the ball (ball).
Mary sang a song (song).
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