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Training Management - Training Units and Developing Leaders
Terms in this set (162)
What does ADP 7-0 cover?
Training Units and Developing Leaders
What ADP Covers Training Units and Developing Leaders?
What is the Army's life-blood?
Unit training and leader development
What are the three training domains the Army uses?
Who is responsible for training units and developing leaders?
How do Commanders exercise the responsibility to train units and develop leaders?
Commanders exercise this responsibility through formal and informal chains, assisted by other officers and noncommissioned officers, through the development and execution of progressive, challenging, and realistic training
Where does training begin for Soldiers?
Training begins in the generating force
Soldiers and leaders should train to master what?
both the individual and unit collective tasks that support the unit's mission-essential tasks
Who must train as part of a combined arms team?
Individuals, teams, sections, and units train to standard as part of a combined arms team
What Training Events or Events link together as a comprehensive progressive and sequential training and leader development program, providing the experiences necessary for building ready units?
Major training events, combat training center exercises, and operational deployments
What must Commanders do to ensure leaders can meet the prerequisites to attend and get the most benefit from institutional training?
Unit commanders must allocate time during operational assignments
Who supports both the operating and generating forces?
What is the Major benefit to having Army Civilians supporting our forces?
Army civilians provide the skills and continuity essential to the functioning of Army organizations and programs
What is considered as important as institutional training and operational assignments?
Who is responsible for Self-development training?
Self-development is a personal responsibility
What is the purpose of Self-development?
Self-development enhances qualifications for a current position or helps prepare an individual for future positions
What must Soldiers and Civilians do to understand both personal strengths and gaps in skills, knowledge, and behaviors?
all Soldiers and civilians must be completely honest with themselves to understand their strengths and weaknesses
Why does the Army Train?
The Army trains to provide ready forces to combatant commanders worldwide
Why do Units Train?
Units train in garrison and while deployed to prepare for their mission and adapt their capabilities to any changes in an operational environment
What is the institutional training domain?
The Army's institutional training and education system which includes training base centers and schools that provide initial training and subsequent professional military education for Soldiers, Military Leaders and Army Civilians.
What is the Operational Training domain?
training that organizations conduct at home stations, maneuver combat training centers, during joint exercises, at mobilization centers and while operationally deployed
What is the self-development training domain?
goal oriented learning that reinforces and expands the knowledge base, self-awareness, and situational awareness and it compliments institutional and operational learning and enhances professional competence and professionalism
What does Individual training allow?
Individual training allows individuals to master fundamental skills
What integrates and synchronizes the skills learned at the individual skill level?
What is the basis for collective proficiency?
Individual skill proficiency
What does Training in units focuses on?
improving unit, Soldier, and leader proficiencies
Who ensures unit training plans are prioritized and collective training executed to maximize the operational performance of the unit?
Commanders and other leaders
What do Soldiers and Army civilians cycle between throughout their careers?
the institutional and operational training domains
What compliments training, education, and experiences gained in both schools and unit assignments?
Structured, guided, and individualized self-development programs
What is critical in maintaining awareness of individual skills?
Documentation of individual training in all venues
What is a continuous and progressive process, spanning a leader's entire career?
What is the Army Committed to?
The Army is committed to training, educating, and developing its leaders
What develops leaders and prepares them for assignments of increased responsibility?
Training, education, and experience in the schools and units
What is essential to unit readiness and successful deployments?
Competent and confident leaders
Who is responsible for ensuring their units are capable of performing their missions?
Can commanders delegate the responsibility of ensuring units are capable of performing their missions?
What makes a quantitative and qualitative difference in unit training and leader development?
How do Commanders apply the operations process to training?
they use the steps: plan, prepare, execute, and assess
How do Commanders Drive the process of Training?
They drive the process by understanding, visualizing, describing, directing, leading, and assessing unit training and leader development
How do Commanders describe their end state?
through guidance and orders
What does the Acronym TADSS stand for?
training aids, devices, simulators, and simulations
What does the Acronym ITE Stand for?
integrated training environment
Can the Army afford to conduct all training in a live environment?
What must commanders do to save cost but still give Soldiers tough realistic training?
They must use the ITE and TADSS to save costs and also ensure that the training is as realistic and tough as possible
How do Commanders build trust and initiative in subordinates?
by giving subordinates latitude in determining how to train their units to achieve the desired end state
What Collective tasks should a unit train on?
Only those collective tasks that are essential to that unit's mission
How should Units employ effective collective training?
based on the Army principles of unit training
What must Collective training be?
Training must be relevant, rigorous, realistic, challenging, and properly resourced
Collective training provides the full range of experiences needed to produce what?
agile, adaptive leaders and Soldiers, and versatile units
What are the 11 principles of unit training?
1. Commanders and other leaders are responsible for training 2. Noncommissioned officers train individuals, crews, and small teams 3. Train to standard 4. Train as you will fight 5. Train while operating 6. Train fundamentals first 7. Train to develop adaptability 8. Understand the operational environment 9. Train to sustain 10. Train to maintain 11. Conduct multi-echelon and concurrent training
Who is responsible for the training proficiency of their respective organizations and subordinates?
Subordinate leaders; NCO's
Who are the primary trainers of enlisted Soldiers, crews and small teams?
Who helps officers train units?
Who develops and conducts training for their subordinates that supports the unit training plan, coachs Junior NCOs, advise senior leaders, and helps develop junior officers?
What do leaders need to establish and enforce to ensure their organizations meet mission requirements?
What do Leaders need to ensure their organization meets mission requirements?
Leaders need to know and enforce standards
If no Standard exists, what should happen?
The Commander should establish one and the next higher Commander should approve it
What does Train as you will fight mean?
means training under an expected operational environment for the mission
Commanders and other leaders should replicate cultural settings as much as possible during training how can they do that?
using role players or actual mission partners
Why do you continue to train while you are deployed or in continuous operations?
As units operate, they learn from formal and informal after action reviews and can address changes in tactics, techniques, and procedures that affect the operation
What fundamentals must units at every echelon master in order to accomplish their missions?
Basic soldiering, the Warrior Tasks, battle drills, marksmanship, fitness and MOS proficiencies
Units proficient in fundamentals are more capable of accomplishing what?
higher level, more complex collective tasks that support the unit's mission-essential task list
How do Soldiers and Leaders develop Adaptability?
from training under complex, changing conditions, with minimal information available to make decisions
What leaders attribute results from training under complex, changing conditions, with minimal information available to make decisions?
What establishes the conditions that units must meet for training?
The unit training management operation order
What programs must Unit training plans incorporate?
programs that improve individual and collective mental and physical fitness
Why must Units conduct maintenance?
to ensure equipment is serviceable and available for the conduct of training and for mission accomplishment
What training technique allows for simultaneous training of more than one echelon on different or complementary tasks known as?
What does Training multiple tasks concurrently do?
preserves valuable time while capitalizing on the opportunity to train related tasks at the same time
Why should Leaders follow the principles of leader development?
to develop other leaders
What provides leaders with enough fundamental information to help them contribute to unit collective capabilities on the day they arrive in the unit?
When does most Leader Development occur?
during operational assignments
What do Leaders learn during operational assignments?
leaders learn to adapt to new situations and develop on the job through training and education and they also develop through challenging, unfamiliar experiences that require them to adapt theory to reality
What happens when a Soldier or Leader makes a mistake?
They Learn from the mistake
What is considered the crucible of leader development?
What are the Army's seven principles of leader development?
1. Lead by example 2. Develop subordinate leaders 3. Create a learning environment for subordinate leaders 4. Train leaders in the art and science of mission command 5. Train to develop adaptive leaders 6. Train leaders to think critically and creatively 7. Train your leaders to know their subordinates and their families
Which training principle prepares units and individuals to be resilient?
Train to Sustain
Good leaders understand they are role models for others what is it they should reflect for subordinates and peers?
They should reflect the desired leader characteristics and Lead by Example
What is one of the most important functions of a Leader?
developing subordinate leaders by training subordinates to be successful tactically and technically and to be prepared to assume positions of greater responsibility
What type of Learning environment should Leaders create in their unit for their subordinates?
an environment that allows subordinates to try different solutions to problems and that they can attempt innovative solutions to problems
What happens when Leaders in the unit create an environment where mistakes are not tolerated?
Soldiers will not attempt to solve problems on their own out of fear of making mistakes
How should mistakes be handled by Leaders in a unit?
Leaders should establish an environment for subordinates that allows subordinate leaders to make honest mistakes without prejudice and remember that they will learn more from their mistakes
Can Soldiers train on every task for every condition?
No; They cannot train on every task for every condition, they should excel at a few tasks and then be able to adapt to new tasks
Training must enable leaders to respond to unexpected conditions in what type of way?
in a positive and constructive way
What must Leaders be able to do for challenging problems?
Leaders must be able to analyze challenging problems
How many levels down should All Leaders know their subordinates?
at least two levels down
What should all leaders know about their subordinates two levels down?
their Strengths, weaknesses and capabilities
The Army trains Leaders to know and help not only their subordinates but who else?
What is the primary focus of a unit when not deployed?
What should the intensity of Training be when not deployed?
It requires the same level of detail, intensity, and focus that a unit applies to deployed operations
What provides a common framework for units to plan, prepare, execute, and assess training and to integrate leader development into training plans?
The Operations Process
What Unit level uses military decision making process (MDMP) to develop unit training plans?
Battalion Level and higher
What does Company Level use to develop unit training plans?
Troop Leading Procedures (TLP's)
What is the purpose of unit training?
The purpose of unit training is to build and maintain ready units to conduct unified land operations for combatant commanders.
What do units build once they master individual and collective tasks under the conditions of their anticipated operational environment?
Flexibility, integration, lethality, adaptability, depth and synchronization capabilities
What will Good Training do to Soldiers and Leaders confidence and abilities?
Good training gives Soldiers confidence in their abilities and the abilities of their leaders, forges trust, and allows the unit to adapt readily to new and different missions
What do Leaders use training events for?
to train, educate, and give experience to subordinates
Who's Job is it to coach and teach, provide feedback on performance, make on-the-spot corrections, and conduct after action reviews?
What is the primary means for developing leaders?
What is the definition of a METL?
METL is the doctrinal framework of fundamental tasks for which the unit was designed
What does METL stand for?
Mission Essential Task List
What is the goal of METL proficiency?
The goal of METL proficiency is to enable the unit to adapt to unexpected situations during mission execution
What unit level has a Standardized unit METL?
Brigade and above
Who standardized Brigade and above METL's?
The Department of the Army
What unit levels develop their own unit METL's?
Battalions and companies develop their own METL's to support their higher headquarters
What drives the focus of its training?
The unit's Mission
What does Collective task proficiency result from?
from developing tactical and technical, individual, leader, and lower-level collective skills through instruction, experience, and repetitive practice
Why do Commanders develop a unit training plan?
to develop collective task proficiency
How is The unit training plan is expressed to the Unit?
in an operation order
What type of approach do unit training plans use that progressively and systematically builds on successful task performance before progressing to more complex tasks?
What is The start point for training a task is based on?
the leader's assessment of current task proficiency
Does the start point for training have to be the crawl or walk only phase?
No; start point can be at the crawl, walk, or run level
Once Soldiers have met the standards of a task, how do leaders challenge their Soldiers?
by changing the conditions of the task to make it more challenging
What does changing the conditions of a task do?
forces Soldiers and leaders to apply previous experience to the new problem
How long should Soldiers train on a task?
until they master the task
Who can assess the readiness of a mission-essential task?
Only the commander
What do subordinates provide in order to enable the Commander to assess the readiness of a mission-essential task?
After Actions Reviews (AAR)
What does the Commander use to assess the unit's readiness to conduct its mission?
AAR's, personal observations, and judgment
Army Training Network. How-to/Details
Leader development domains
Operational training domain
Training activities organizations undertake while at home station, at maneuver combat training centers, during joint exercises, and while operationally deployed
Self-development training domain
Goal oriented learning that reinforces and expands the depth and breadth of an individual's knowledge base.
Institutional training domain
Army's institutional training and education system, which includes primary training centers (U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command)
Principles of leader development
1. Lead by example
2. Develop subordinate leaders
3. Create a learning environment for subordinate leaders
4. Train leaders in the art and science of mission command
5. Train to develop adaptive leaders
6. Train leaders to think critically and creatively
7. Train your leaders to know their subordinates and their Families.
Eleven Principles of Unit Training
1. Commanders and other leaders are responsible for training.
2. Noncommissioned officers train individuals, crews, and small teams.
3. Train to standard.
4. Train as you will fight.
5. Train while operating
6. Train fundamentals first
7. Train to develop adaptability
8. Understand the operational environment
9. Train to sustain.
10. Train to maintain.
11. Conduct multiechelon and concurrent training
A task a unit could perform based on its design, equipment, manning, and table of organization and equipment/table of distribution and allowances mission.
Mission-essential task list
Compilation of mission-essential tasks.
- Proficiency of individual Soldiers to perform specified tasks related to an assigned duty position and skill level.
- Individual task training occurs both at institutional level and unit training
- Units continue individual training to improve and sustain proficiency levels
Operations Process in Training Management
Training conducted utilizing this approach allows and promotes an objective, standards-based approach to training
- Train each task step.
- Train task step in sequence.
- Train complete task until done correctly.
- Train to training objective standard.
- Train with more realism.
- Work as crews or small units.
- Train collectively to achieve and sustain proficiency.
- Train under conditions that simulate combat.
- Develop effective team relationships.
- Are Soldiers trained on prerequisite tasks?
- Are ranges and facilities requested; recon of site complete?
- Leaders certified to conduct range operations?
- Convoy clearances submitted and approved?
- Are Class I, III, V supplies requested w/ pick-up times finalized?
- Have risk assessments been completed?
- Back brief to the chain of command coordinated?
- Is time allocated/scheduled for retraining?
Rehearsals allow leaders to
- Identify weak points in the plan
- Teach effective training techniques
- Coach the trainer until they are comfortable
- Safety and environmental considerations are met
- Leaders are tactically and technically proficient
- Determine how the trainer will evaluate the training
- Assess subordinate trainer competencies and provide feedback
- Give subordinates confidence in their ability to train
Eight-Step Training Model
1. Plan the training
3. Recon the site
4. Issue the plan
7. Conduct AAR
Three Aspects of Leader Development
Most direct and powerful aspect of leader development
Non-negotiable at battalion and company level. Battalion focus on TRAINING MANAGEMENT.
Platoon Training Meeting Agenda
- Review last week's training
- Coordination (de-conflict training issues)
- Plan future training
- Training schedule = contract with your subordinates
- Not all tasks will be completed to standard on the first or second attempt
- Allocate time and resources to retrain
- Training is incomplete until the unit or individual attains the Army standard on the task IAW the training and evaluation outline (T&EO)
- Substandard performance cannot be acceptable
Four Parts of an AAR
1. Review what was supposed to happen (training plans)
2. Establish what happened
3. Determine what was right or wrong with what happened
4. Determine how the task should be done differently the next time
Function of unit leadership whenever training is conducted
Conducted by leaders during visits to training of subordinate units
Squad and below proficiency
Evaluation Ratings (Specific Tasks)
Training and Evaluation Outlines (T&EO)
Summary document that provides information on objectives, evaluation procedures and performance measures.
Three Types of Risk
Risk concerned with hazards that exists because of the presence of either the enemy or an adversary
Risk includes all operational risk considerations other than tactical risk
Risk level remaining after controls have been implemented for the hazard
Risk Management Process
Step 1. Identify hazards.
Step 2. Assess hazards to determine risks.
Step 3. Develop controls and make risk decisions.
Step 4. Implement controls.
Step 5. Supervise and evaluate.
SUBSTEP A - DEGREE OF PROBABILITY
SUBSTEP B - DEGREE OF SEVERITY
SUBSTEP C - ESTIMATE LEVEL OF RISK
The likelihood that an event will occur.
Five Degrees of Probability
1. Frequent (A) - Occurs very often, continuously experienced.
2. Likely (B) - Occurs several times.
3. Occasional (C) - Occurs sporadically.
4. Seldom (D) - Remotely possible; could occur at some time.
5. Unlikely (E) - Can assume it will not occur, but not impossible
The degree of injury or illness, loss of or damage to equipment or property, environmental damage, or other mission impairing factors.
Four Degrees of Severity
1. Catastrophic (I) - Loss of ability to accomplish the mission or mission failure.
2. Critical (II) - Significantly (severely) degraded mission capability or unit readiness.
3. Marginal (III) - Degraded mission capability or unit readiness.
4. Negligible (IV) - Little or no adverse impact on mission capability.
Estimating risk follows from examining the outcomes of both the probability and severity of hazardous incidents. There are four levels of risk.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ADP/ ADRP 5-0.
Army Command Policy
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