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Down syndrome

The form of mental retardation that is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome is


Twenty-two-year-old Bernie takes a test that includes measures of his ability in terms of digit span, vocabulary, and object assembly. Bernie has completed the:

aptitude; achievement

Bob, a 10th grader, took a test that measured his potential for college success. Jill, another 10th grader, took a test on the math chapter that had just been covered in class. Bob most likely took an ______ test and Jill most likely took an ______ test.

identify children who needed special education programs.

Alfred Binet developed his intelligence test to

expertise and a venturesome personality.

The components of creativity include:


Researchers are in the process of developing a new college entrance exam. They want to ensure that wherever the test is given, it will be administered, scored, and interpreted in the same manner. In other words, the researchers are concerned with

moderately mentally retarded

Jamie is a 23-year-old female who only completed the third grade. She is employed in a sheltered workshop and has a difficult time with mild stress. Jamie is MOST likely


The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations is known as:

none of the above is true

Research on mental retardation indicates that:

increase the school readiness of children from disadvantaged home environments.

Research indicates that Head Start programs:

adults'; children's

The WAIS was designed for testing ________ intelligence, whereas the WISC was designed for testing ________ intelligence.

verbal and performance

The WAIS consists of separate ________ subtests.

self-fulfilling prophecies

"Gifted child" programs can lead to ______ by implicitly labeling some students as "ungifted" and isolating them from an enriched educational environment.

emotional intelligence

When Professor McGuire asks her students to answer questions in class, she can quickly tell from their facial expressions whether they are happy to participate. Professor McGuire's perceptual skill best illustrates:


Who would have been most enthusiastic about the value of a single intelligence test score as an index of an individual's mental capacities?


Robert Sternberg distinguished among analytical, creative, and ________ intelligence.


Jeremy has a score of 115 on an IQ test that can be compared to the scores of hundreds of other people who took the same test. The capability to compare scores statistically is a function of

selective breeding of highly intelligent people

The eugenics movement would have been most likely to encourage:

stereotype threat

Jim, age 55, plays basketball with much younger adults and is concerned that his teammates might consider his age to be a detriment to their game outcome. His concern actually undermines his athletic performance. This best illustrates the impact of:

identify clusters of closely-related test items

Factor analysis is a statistical procedure that can be used to:


A college administrator is trying to assess whether an admissions test accurately predicts how well applicants will perform at his school. The administrator is most obviously concerned that the test is:

intrinsic motivation

In one experiment, college students were either aware or unaware that experts would evaluate their creativity in constructing paper collages. This experiment most directly illustrated that creativity is facilitated by:

good reliability but poor validity

Smedley has a theory that intelligence is related to body temperature. He uses an oral thermometer to measure intelligence. His data most likely have

test performance is influenced by cultural experiences.

Everyone would agree that intelligence tests are "biased" in the sense that:

the Flynn effect

Comparing the average performance of the initial WAIS standardization sample with the average performance of the most recent WAIS standardization sample provides convincing evidence of:

interpreting others' facial expressions of emotion.

Research on gender and emotional intelligence suggests that women are more skilled than men at:

younger; (mental age/chronological age) x 100

Bill and Ted had an excellent time-travel adventure back to 1916. In order to come back to the present, Bill (who is a little below average in intelligence) needs a score of 115 on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test. Bill has to convince Professor Terman that he is ______ than he actually is, because the Stanford-Binet IQ was calculated as ______.

greater neural plasticity

Research on intelligence and brain functioning indicates that highly intelligent children demonstrate ______ than their less intelligent counterparts.

mildly retarded

The vast majority of retarded people are classified as

had higher than average physical and mental health.

Terman's longitudinal study of people with extremely high IQs found that nearly all of them

adapting to different environments

The definition of intelligence includes

convergent thinking

Generating the single correct answer to an intelligence test question illustrates:

alternate-form reliability

When interpreting the results from the final exam, Professor Hazen noticed that the students who had test form A scored significantly higher than those who had test form B. Professor Hazen concluded that the final exam was low on


In which of the following countries are IQ tests LEAST likely to be used?


Professor Encapera gave his class a twenty-question test covering two weeks of class material. Fifteen questions were on the structures of the brain, although he only spent ten minutes talking about the brain. Professor Encapera's test did not appear to have adequate ______ validity.

less; more

With increasing age, adopted children's intelligence test scores become ________ like their adoptive parents' scores and ________ similar to their biological parent's scores.

Gardner's argument for multiple intelligences.

The characteristics of savant syndrome have been used to support:

casual observation of Beth's behavior cannot be used to predict her later intelligence score.

The Wilsons note that their 6-month-old daughter Beth seems to be developing more slowly and is not as playful as other infants her age. Research suggests that:

include items for adults

Chun-Jing is reading about the history of IQ testing. She finds that Binet's original intelligence test did not

better; worse

In solving math computation problems, women perform ________ than men. In solving math reasoning problems, women perform ________ than men.

positively; positively

Brain size (adjusted for body size) is ________ correlated with intelligence, and the speed of taking in perceptual information is ________ correlated with intelligence.


Katrina received a 740 on her Math SAT. She decided to take the SAT again and received a 720. The reason the scores are so similar is because the SAT has high

someone with savant syndrome

Twenty-five-year-old Alexandra is mentally handicapped and can neither read nor write. However, after hearing lengthy, unfamiliar, and complex musical selections just once, she can reproduce them precisely on the piano. It is likely that Alexandra is:


To regard an abstract concept as if it were a real, concrete thing is called:

valid; reliable

If a test is ______________ , it will also be ______________.

split-half reliability

Dr. Yatvin administered his new intelligence test to a group of subjects and then compared each subject's score on the odd-numbered questions to this score on the even-numbered questions. He found a large positive correlation between the odd and even scores, indicating the test has

content validity

Intelligence tests are most likely to be considered culturally biased in terms of their:

a blend of knowledge and potential

What do intelligence tests actually measure?

increased; factor analyzed

The percentage of people diagnosed with mental retardation has ________ over the past 80 years because intelligence tests have been ________.

test-retest reliability

Serat has developed a new test. He gives the test to 1,000 people. Six weeks later he gives the test to the same 1,000 people. Serat is assessing the ________ of his test.

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