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Tech In Action Flashcards

ITM 105
The _______ manages the flow of data and information through the computer system by coordinating the hardware, software, user interface processor, and system memory.
operating system
The _______ of the operating system allows the user to communicate with the computer system.
user interface
Which of the following is a single-user, multitask operating system?
Mac OS
Which of the following was the first widely used operating system installed in personal computers?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the operating system?
It manages the removal of spyware
The most essential software in your computer system is the ________.
operating system software
The version of Windows 7 that is most appropriate for high-end PC users, gamers, and multimedia professionals is ________.
Windows 7 Ultimate
The combination of operating system and processor in a computer is referred to as a computer's ________.
All of the following can be considered to be network operating systems EXCEPT:
Symbian OS
Some video games require a ________ operating system.
Which of the following operating systems is used primarily with mainframes as a network operating system?
Microsoft Windows and Mac OS use a ________ interface.
graphical user
Which of the following statements about a graphical user interface is FALSE?
A GUI is a command-driven interface
During the virtual memory process, the operating system moves data to a temporary storage area on the hard drive called the ________ file.
XO is the name of the computer being provided by the ________ project.
One Laptop per Child
Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.
device driver
The ________ is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system, and is an essential part of the operating system.
Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?
The BIOS is activated by powering on the CPU
The ________ is a program that manages the data between the operating system and all input and output devices attached to the system.
The basic input/output system is stored on a ________ chip.
Which of the following is NOT a step in the boot process?
The antivirus program checks all files for viruses
Which of the following does NOT occur during the power-on self-test?
The OS is moved into RAM
The ________ contains all of the different configurations used by the OS and by other applications.
All of the following are terms related to part of the boot process EXCEPT:
________ are easy-to-use mini desktop programs that give you information at a glance or quick access to frequently used tools including weather information, calendar items, or games.
In the Windows operating system, the hard drive is represented as the ________.
C drive
The OS allows you to organize the contents of your computer in a hierarchical structure of ________.
Windows 7 introduces the concept of ________, which are folders that gather files from different locations and display the files as if they were all saved in a single folder.
In a Windows folder, to display files and folders as icons in list form, use ________ view.
All of the following can be used in a Windows file name EXCEPT:
The location of a file is specified by its ________.
file path
In Windows, which character is used as a path separator?
backslash (\)
C:\Documents\Spring 2012\CIS 101\Term Paper\Computer Technology is an example of a ________.
file path
In Windows, a file path starts with a ________.
drive letter
If Microsoft Word 2010 is used to create a file, which file extension is added automatically?
Which of the following would be a name of a Microsoft Access file?
Which of the following statements concerning the Windows Recycle Bin is TRUE?
You can restore files that have been moved to the Recycle Bin
With Windows Explorer, you can perform all of the following file management actions EXCEPT:
editing files
Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges files on your hard drive in sequential order?
Disk Defragmenter
Which of the following types of programs help manage system resources such as the hard drive?
utility programs
You can use the Windows ________ to check on a nonresponsive program.
Task Manager
In Windows, you can create ________ to reset your system in the case of a malfunction.
restore points
Mac OS X includes a backup utility called ________.
Time Machine
If you want to automatically defragment your hard drive every week, you can set a predetermined time using the ________.
Task Scheduler
All computers do not need an operating system.
The user interface is part of a computer's operating system.
Boot Camp is a utility that allows you to run Windows and Mac OS X at the same time.
The most recent version of the Mac operating system is called Mac OS X.
You can download a version of Linux from the Internet for free.
Linux is an open source operating system that can be used both on personal computers and as a networking operating system.
Linux does not have a default user interface.
The type of processor in the computer dictates which operating system a desktop uses.
The combination of a computer's operating system and application software is referred to as the computer's platform.
A common-driven-interface is one in which you enter commands to communicate with the computer system.
When virtual memory is in use, the condition of excessive paging is called swapping.
Windows 7 will run with 1 GB of RAM, but the system might be challenged by limited resources, especially with graphic-intensive programs.
When your computer runs out of RAM, the operating system borrows space from the CPU.
With the Plug and Play standard, adding hardware to your computer becomes easier.
Installing a device driver can sometimes cause system instability.
PnP stands for Plug and Play.
If you install a device that is not PnP, you will be prompted to install a driver.
CMOS is a special kind of memory that uses a great deal of power.
Tiles view is the most interactive view of a Windows folder.
Live Icons allow you to preview the actual contents of a specific file or folder from within a window without actually having to open the file.
When using Windows, you should create a restore point before installing new software.
You can use System Restore to restore your system's settings back to a specific date when everything was working properly.
The Windows Backup and Restore Utility allows you to make a duplicate copy of all the data on your hard drive.
A multiuser operating system is also described as a network operating system.
In Safe mode, only the essential devices of the system function.
Safe boot is a special diagnostic mode designed for troubleshooting errors that occur during the boot process.
The High Contrast accessibility feature allows you to select a color scheme setting in which you control the contrast between text and background.
A tiled window cannot be resized.
Moore's Law is a rule that predicts ________.
the pace at which CPUs improve
The CPU is connected to the system memory by the ________.
front side bus
Each of the following is a computer subsystem EXCEPT the:
data subsystem
Which of the following activities is carried out by the ALU?
completion of all arithmetic calculations
CPU speed, also called clock speed, is currently measured in ________.
The CPU consists of which two parts?
the control unit and the arithmetic logic unit
The control unit is one component of the ________.
The percentage of time your CPU is working is referred to as CPU ________.
Front side bus speed is measured in ________.
________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set has been finished.
Cache memory levels are determined by ________.
the chip's proximity to the CPU
The amount of RAM recommended for most systems today is measured in ________.
Kernel memory is ________.
RAM memory used by the operating system
All of the following are forms of RAM EXCEPT:
The small circuit boards that hold a series of RAM chips are called ________.
memory modules
The amount of RAM that is actually on the memory modules in your computer is the ________ memory.
On a Windows system, you can determine the amount of RAM by looking in the ________ window.
System Properties
When referring to hard drives, seek time and latency are the two factors that make up ________.
access time
When referring to hard drives, access time is measured in ________.
Which of the following statements is true about optical media?
A Blu-ray burner will most likely burn both CDs and DVDs
Which is the fastest type of optical drive on the market?
Blu-ray drives
An expansion card that translates binary data into images is a(n) ________.
video card
A ________ performs the same kind of computational work that a CPU performs but is specialized to handle 3-D graphics and image and video processing.
A video card is an expansion card installed inside your ________.
system unit
Two types of video memory are ________.
Windows 7 incorporates ________, which enables you to migrate files and settings from a Windows Vista system to a Windows 7 system via a network connection.
Windows Easy Transfer
Running the Disk Defragmenter utility will ________.
make the hard drive work more efficiently
Running the Disk Cleanup utility is a quick way to ________.
clear out unnecessary files
To make sure your computer performs reliably, you can do all of the following EXCEPT:
increase the front side bus speed
Which statement pertaining to system reliability is FALSE?
An accumulation of temporary internet files has no effect on your computer's overall performance
Which of the following is NOT a main characteristic associated with desktop computers as compared to notebooks?
A desktop computer is more expensive
Notebooks are often equipped with a(n) ________ slot that allows you to read flash memory cards such as CompactFlash, Memory Sticks, and Secure Digital cards.
All of the following are advantages of notebook computers EXCEPT:
you get more speed for a lower price
A(n) ________ uses the same kind of memory that flash drives use and have no spinning platters or motors.
________ is new technology that supports fast transfer rates of 10 Gb/s.
The number of bits the video card uses to represent each pixel on the monitor is called ________.
bit depth
Moore's Law predicts that the number of transistors inside a CPU will triple every 18 months.
Hard drives have been growing in storage capacity by about 50 percent each year.
The control unit coordinates the activities of all computer components except for the CPU itself.
The CPU is located on the motherboard.
The percentage of time that your CPU is working is referred to as processing time.
Notebook and desktop processors are basically the same and therefore interchangeable.
Level 1 cache memory always contains more storage area than Level 2 cache.
The use of multiple cores on one CPU chip allows the execution of two or more sets of instructions at the exact same time
Upgrading your CPU can increase how quickly data can move to or from the CPU.
Cache memory is a form of ROM.
Level 2 cache is slightly farther away from the CPU than Level 1 cache or on a separate chip.
RAM is nonvolatile storage.
Temporary data and instructions are not stored on the hard drive because it is faster to retrieve data from RAM.
RAM is your computer's permanent storage space for data that is entered from the keyboard.
A computer's memory subsystem is made up only of RAM.
RAM is stored directly on the CPU.
Accessing data from the hard drive to send to the CPU is faster than accessing data from RAM.
Every computer is designed with a maximum limit on the amount of RAM it can support.
Solid state drives have no platters or motors.
Hard drive access time is measured in milliseconds.
Hard drives have the largest capacity of any storage device.
A Blu-ray burner will most likely record both CDs and DVDs.
The amount of memory your video card needs depends on what you want to display on your monitor.
The video subsystem is made up of the video card and speakers.
Video cards often include their own RAM.
3D sound cards are bidirectional.
3D sound is the same as surround sound.
Upgrading your operating system to the newest version might help increase system reliability.
External hard drives are an ideal solution when you need more storage than a flash drive can provide.
Thunderbolt can carry three channels of information on the same connector.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a network node?
a mouse
A computer network is defined as two or more computers connected with ________ so that they can communicate with each other.
software and hardware
Each device connected to a network is called a(n) ________.
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of having computers networked?
monitoring for efficiency
Network architectures are classified according to ________.
the way they are controlled and the distance between their nodes
A network that has 10 or more nodes is usually configured as a ________.
client/server network
The most common type of home network is ________.
a peer-to-peer (P2P) network
Due to the expansion of media files on home computers, ________ options are now being marketed; however, they are not as full featured as their business-world counterparts.
home network server
A ________ is a network located in your home that is used to connect all of your digital devices.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a WAN?
LANs connected in a single building
Throughput, the actual speed of data transfer that is achieved in a network, is usually ________.
less than or equal to the data transfer rate
Which transmission medium is able to transmit data the fastest?
fiber-optic cable
The ________ is the maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network.
data transfer rate
Normal telephone wire is ________.
twisted-pair cable
A wireless network uses which of the following as its transmission medium?
radio waves
Network adapters ________.
enable nodes in a network to communicate with each other
Which of the following network adapters is most likely to be preinstalled in a typical notebook computer today?
both a wireless and wired network adapter
Sophisticated networks generally use which of the following hardware devices to ease the flow of data packets throughout the network?
routers and switches
A(n) ________ allows sharing of a broadband Internet connection.
Client/server networks are controlled by a central server that runs a specialized piece of software called ________.
a network operating system (NOS)
Which of the following devices translates electronic data into radio waves?
a transceiver
Which of the following is necessary if you want your Ethernet network to connect to the Internet through a DSL or cable modem?
a DSL/cable router
Which of the following UTP cable types is the cheapest and often used in home networks?
Cat 5E
The most popular transmission media option for wired Ethernet networks is ________.
unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable
A(n) ________ keeps track of data packets and, in conjunction with network interface cards, helps the data packets find their destination without running into each other on an Ethernet network.
Most ________ allow you to connect wireless and wired computers to the same network.
wireless routers
Which of the following devices is needed to share an Internet connection on a wireless network?
a wireless router
WPA stands for ________.
Wireless Protocol Access
One way to increase security on a network is by installing a ________.
The unique number assigned to a network adapter by the manufacturer is referred to as the ________ address.
When setting up a network, you should set up any computers running the Microsoft Windows 7 operating system ________.
A printer connected to a wireless network is considered to be a node on that network.
A single computer can function as both a client and a server, but performance will be degraded.
The Internet is an example of a client/server network.
A client computer is the computer on which users accomplish specific tasks.
The cost of a P2P network is slightly greater than the cost of a client/server network.
It is not possible to configure a client/server network for home use.
In a peer-to-peer network, one computer acts as the server.
P2P networks are more commonly used in small businesses than in homes
MAN stands for mobile area network.
When a network is created to provide Internet access to a specific geographic area, that network will generally be designated as a MAN.
Twisted-pair cable is made up of plastic or glass fibers that transmit data at extremely fast speeds.
Ethernet networks are always connected using twisted-pair cable technology.
All desktop and notebook systems sold today are network ready
Most computers today come with Ethernet adapters already installed.
A switch is a network navigation device that merely retransmits a signal to all other nodes attached to it.
A P2P network needs network operating system software installed on every node.
The Mac OS does NOT support P2P networking.
Current wireless Ethernet networks in the United States are based on the IEEE 802.3 standard.
A network-ready device is a device that might be attached to a network but still has to connect to a networked computer first.
Although 802.11n will work with 802.11g adapters, you will not achieve 802.11n data transfer rates unless all adapters are 802.11n.
It is generally better to extend your wired network using wireless technology than to use repeaters or splice cable.
Wireless networks are more vulnerable to attack than wired networks.
WEP is a stronger form of security than WAP.
The practice of piggybacking is illegal in many places.
A firewall can come in either software or hardware form.
Limiting your signal range does not help increase wireless network security.
Digital formats are descriptions of signals as ________.
a long string of numbers
Images are a representation of light waves called ________ or continuous waves.
________ is the use of equipment to provide voice communications over a distance.
What is Android?
an operating system for cell/smartphones
The Apple iPhone uses a version of ________ as an operating system.
Mac OS X
The operating system of a cell phone is stored in ________.
The most full-featured and powerful cell phones are put in the category of ________.
An analog-to-digital converter chip ________.
converts the sound waves from voice into digital signals
A base transceiver station receives a request for cellular service and passes that request to a central location called a ________.
mobile switching center
The newest cell/smartphone displays are ________, which allow bright, sharp imaging and draw less power.
LogMeIn is an example of a ________.
remote access service for mobile devices
Which of the following uses radio waves to transmit data signals over short distances and does not need a direct line of sight?
Ensuring that two devices, for example, a PC and a cell phone or smartphone, have the same files is the process of ________.
Text messaging is also called ________.
short message service (SMS)
SMS delivers messages to the appropriate mobile device using ________ technology.
Text prediction ________ provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
An Internet connectivity plan is also known as a ________.
Which of the following is specialized software made to display Web pages on a cell phone?
Web content specially designed for viewing via a cell phone or smartphone is written in a format called ________.
WML (Wireless Markup Language)
Opera Mobile is an example of ________.
a microbrowser
________ is a form of voice-based Internet communication that turns a standard Internet connection into a means to place phone calls, including long-distance calls.
An iPod is an example of a ________.
portable media player (PMP)
A portable media player can play files with all of the following file extensions EXCEPT:
Which of the following is the process of sharing files between two or more computers?
peer-to-peer (P2P) sharing
Flash memory, used by most MP3 players, is a type of ________.
nonvolatile memory
To transfer files from your computer to a portable media player (PMP), most newer PMPs use a ________ port or a FireWire port.
USB 2.0
Which of the following describes the number of times an analog wave is measured each second during an analog-to-digital conversion?
sampling rate
Which of the following allows you to download and play music with restrictions enforced about its use?
tethered downloads
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the JPEG file format?
JPEGs are larger than raw files
MPEG-4, H.264, and DivX are all examples of ________.
________ is a single cable that carries all audio and video information from devices connected to a TV to the TV itself.
Broadcasting your video to a live audience over the Web is referred to as ________.
________ is a special copyleft license used for software.
MMS stands for Multimedia Message Service.
Text prediction algorithms provide a list of popular words and save typing time when using text messaging.
MMS allows you to save all, none, or part of a message.
You can send messages that include text, sound, images, and video clips using SMS.
There are more virus attacks on cell phone and smartphones than there are on PCs.
The Apple iPhone uses a Microsoft operating system.
A virtual phone number can be assigned to your cell phone or smartphone to keep your true number private.
Cell phones can fall victim to viruses.
VoIP can be considered an alternative to a traditional landline phone service.
One of the advantages of VoIP is that an interruption in power does not interrupt the ability to make calls.
Not all PMP devices are necessarily just music players.
There are digital cameras on the market that can play both music and videos.
DRM-free music is music that has been released without any digital rights management.
DRM-free music can legally be moved from system to system
MP3 files can be played only on iPods
The conversion rate is the number of times per second music is measured and converted into a digital value.
When converting analog waves to digital waves, the higher the sampling rate, the more accurately the original wave can be re-created.
Flash memory is volatile.
Current cell phones and smartphones feature cameras that are just as powerful as stand-alone digital cameras.
A digital camera's resolution in measured in megapixels.
Raw files are larger than JPEG files.
Saving a file as a JPEG actually means that you will lose a bit of detail.
With video editing software, you can review video clips frame by frame.
The Microsoft Video file format uses an extension of .mpg.
An attribution license allows anyone to use, modify, and copy your work, but only for noncommercial purposes.
Full-featured GPS systems can play MP3 files, display photos, and connect to the Internet.
WML refers to the format used to create Web content for cell phones and smartphones.
Cell phones do not require special service providers to connect to the Internet.
A microbrowser is a special Internet browser made for mobile devices.
Some cell phones come equipped with a keyboard for faster typing of e-mail and text messages.
Netbooks are more powerful than cell phones and smartphones because they run a full-featured operating system.