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Greenblatt Antebellum America Vocab
Terms in this set (55)
- A War of 1812 hero and democratic president.
- He popularized politics.
- He vetoed 12 bills during 2 terms and removed 919 people from government.
- He supported states rights, which meant little internal improvement.
- Forcibly relocated Native Americans.
- He hated the 2nd BUS and weakened it with giving loans to state banks and the specie circular which caused the Panic of 1837
Tariff of Abomination
A tax that benefited the north, but not the south, which brought up questions of nullification
Gave congress the ability to enforce tariff duties
Held mainly by Spain, Great Britain, and Russia
Democratic president. A northern man with southern sympathies.
William Lloyd Garrison
An abolitionist who visited England in hopes for support for their movement
2nd Great Awakening
-Northeast revivals sparked by Lyman Beecher
-Charles Finney spread the revival to upstate NY and the old NW
-In Rochester, he preached to amend alcoholism
-Led to a growth in Methodists
Extreme nationalism, often causes xenophobia. A major belief of the "know-nothings"
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
A treaty signed by Trist to end Mexican war. Mexico $15 million and protection of Mexican citizens in exchange for land
Gwinn Land Law
Forced California landowners to defend their land in court (going against the Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty)
Cult of Domesticity
idealized view of women; they were the moral compass for their husbands
Roger B. Taney
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court when Dred Scott decision was made
The Scotts were brought into a free territory, but were still slaves, so they brought it to Supreme Court, which ruled that slaves are not citizens and declared the 36°30' line as unconstitutional which meant that the supreme court cannot limit slavery anymore.
Whoever wins the war reaps the reward- when Jackson became president, he filled government jobs with his supporters
The founder of the Mormon religion
Gave 160 acres of free land to citizens who lived on the land and paid a small fee- encouraged westward settlement
Declaration of Sentiments
Mott and Stanton wrote this after they went to an abolitionist conference and were forced to sit behind a curtain because they were women. Marked the beginning of the women's rights movement.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
The author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
James K. Polk
Democratic president who had the slogan "54° 40' or fight" and wanted to get land
John C. Calhoun
Vice president for Jackson, believed in nullification, resigned because Jackson did not
Ralph Waldo Emerson and Thoreau; a group who believed intuitive truth transcended sense experience.
Removal Act of 1830
Act that authorized the removal of all Native-American tribes east of the Mississippi to the West;
A utopian society that focused on intellectual and manual labors. Many books were written here.
Compromise of 1850
Initially proposed as Clay's Omnibus Bill, but broken into individual bills by Douglas and Webster. It made CA free, NM and UT could decide for themselves, slave trade was abolished in DC, and people had to catch fugitive slaves, and judges were given $10 if they sent them back (eventually, personal liberty laws stopped state officials from catching them)
Fort Laramie Council
A council of many tribes that met to get compensation for destruction of their land in exchange for being put on reservations
Worchester v. Georgia
The Supreme Court decided they had no jurisdiction over Cherokee reservations; was not enforced.
Sarah and Angelina Grimke
South Carolinian abolition and women's rights movement leaders
Southerners opposed its organization unless it allowed slavery, and north did not. Stephen Douglas proposed a compromise (popular sovereignty)
Anti-slavery newspaper written by William Lloyd Garrison
One of the first places where a free soil government was founded in 1855
Kansas pro-slavery town. The Lecompton Constitution...
A party of workers who were worried about losing their jobs to Irish and German immigrants, formally called the American party
He tried to get become leader of many South American countries, but failed
Secular man who tried to make an industrial utopia
Leader of Harper's Ferry Raid, becomes a martyr for the abolitionists
Utopian society in Oneida, NY led by Noyes
A freed slave who was an active abolitionist
Leader of the Mormons; lead them to Deseret (UT)
President of the Second Bank of the United States
Said Jesus came from a woman at a convention in Akron, Ohio
Tried to push Spain into selling us Cuba
Theodore Dwight Weld
Free Soil Party
A political party dedicated to stopping the expansion of slavery in Kansas
Arthur and Lewis Tappan
Financed school for all races, males, and females
Frederick Jackson Turner
American historian who said that humanity would continue to progress as long as there was new land to move into
Elected to Anti-Slavery Society, and people were very angry and left
Mother Ann Lee
Leader of the quakers
To appeal to both the north and the south, Douglas said that the North should not worry because slavery would not exist in the territories
Election of 1860
Constitutional Union Party- John Bell
Northern Democrats- Douglas
Southern Democrats- Breckinridge
was sent to talk to Mexico, but was ignored
Seneca Falls Convention
convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written
reformer of jails and metal health institutions
Made talk of abolition illegal in congress, which allowed for the issue to be avoided for a while
Newspaper founded by Frederick Douglass
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