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55 terms

Chapter 14 Lymphatic System

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allergen
type of antigen that causes a hypersensitivity response
allergy
over reaction by the body to a particular antigen
angi/o
blood vessel
antibodies
a protein organisms produced by B cell lymphocytes to fight bacteria and foreign
antibiotics
kill bacteria
antigens
stimulate production of antibodies
artificially acquired active immunity
you receive a vaccination
artificially aquired passive immunity
you are given an antivenom, such as for a . snake bite
autoimmune disorder
your immune system attacks your own body tissue
B cells
produce and secrete antibodies ,originate in bone marrow, transform into plasma cells
bacteria
one cell microscopic organism that can be treated with antibiotics
candidiasis
yeast infection
ELISA
detect HIV-antibodies 2 weeks after infection
fungus
athletes foot
helper T cells
activate T and B cells
herpes zoster
shingles, painful skin eruption that follows the route of the inflammed nerve
immun/o
protection
immunity
body'sability to resist foreign organisms and toxins
infectioattaches to the antigen and kills itus mononucleosis
mono or "kissing disease"
inter-
between
killer T cells
attach to antigen and kills it
Lyme disease
bacteria transmitted through a tick bite
lymph nodes
filter the harmful substances from the lymph before returning to blood
lymphadenopathy
enlarged lymph nodes
lymphangiogram
graphic visual of lymphatic system
lymphatic ducts
drain the lymph
lymphedema
swelling due to accumulation of lymph in your tissues
lymphoma
malignant tumor of the lymph nodes and tissues
malaria
parasitic infection, transmitted to humans by an infected mosquito
memory T cells
remembers the antigen and multiplies when it's present again
multiple myeloma
malignant tumor of the bone marrow cells
mumps
swelling of the parotid or salivary glands
naturally acquired passive immunity
Mom passes her antibodies to baby through breast milk
naturally acquired active immunity
you get the disease
pathogens
virus, bacteria
plasma cells
produce antibodies to fight antigens, originate from B cells
right lymphatic duct
drains lymph from the right side of head, neck,chest,and right arm
scratch test
diagnostic test that identifies commonly troublesome antigens
spleen
has major hymolytic functions; breaks down RBC after 120 days; produces and stores RBC
splen/o
spleen
subclavian veins
blood vessels that return the lymph to the blood stream from the thoracic and right lymphatic duct
suppressor T cells
inhibits T and B cells
T cells
helper, suppressor, memory, and killer; types of T cells
tetanus
aka lock jaw, complete muscle spasm, caused by bacteria
thoracic duct
drains lymph from the left side of head, neck, chest,left arm, and both legs, drains into subclavian veins
tinea pedis
athlete's foot, caused by fungus
tox/o
poison
toxoplasmosis
transmitted to humans through contaiminated pet feces,parisitic infection of central nervous system
varicella
chicken pox, caused by herpes virus
virus
varicella is a type of virus
West Nile virus
transmitted to humans by infected mosquitos or tick bite, can affect central nervous system, mild version flu-like
Western blot
blood test that confirms an HIV diagnosis after the ELISA
yeast
candidiasis, thrush in mouth
thrush
yeast infection in the mouth
immunization
vaccination..... dead or attenuated/ live but weakened version