Upgrade to remove ads
APP 7B VOCAB
Terms in this set (28)
= the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
= a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people
= a mental image or best example of a category. Matching new items to a prototype provides a quick and easy method for sorting items into categories (as when comparing feathered creatures to a prototypical bird, such as a robin).
= a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem. Contrasts with the usually speedier - but also more error-prone - use of heuristics.
= a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently; usually speedier but also more error-prone than algorithms.
= a sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem; it contrasts with strategy-based solutions.
= the ability to produce novel and valuable ideas
= a tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore ordistort contradictory evidence.
= a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.
= the inability to see a problem from a new perspective, by employing a different mental set.
= the tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions; an impediment toproblem solving.
= judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes; may lead us to ignore other relevant information.
= estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; if instances come readily to mind (perhaps because of their vividness), we presume such events are common
= the tendency to be more confident that correct - to over-estimate the accuracy of our beliefs and judgments.
= clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they are formed has been
= an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought, as contrasted with explicit,
= the way an issue is posed; how an issue is framed can significantly affect decisions and
= our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate
= in language, the smallest distinctive sound unit
= in a language, the smallest unit that carries meaning; may be a word or a part of a word
(such as a prefix).
= in a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand
= the set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a
given language; also, the study of meaning.
= the rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language
= beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant
spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language.
= the stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks
mostly in single words.
= beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks
mostly two-word statements.
= early speech state in which a child speaks like a telegram - "go car" - using mostly nouns
= Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Myer's Psychology for AP (Unit 7B)
AP Psych Unit 7B: Thinking, Problem Solving, Creat…
AP Psychology Unit 7B Vocab
AP Psych Unit 7 B Key Terms
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Macbeth Act I Vocabulary Quiz:
Week 1 Vocab Assigned APL
Myers AP - Unit 06 Learning
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Latin American Revolutions:Pre-Test (fix)
IB CH 12: Planning and Organization