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30 terms

socio midterm 2

STUDY
PLAY
the term___ refers to people who interact in a defined territory and share culture
society
lenski claimed that which of the following has the greatest power to shape societ
technology
accordind to lenski the term sociocultural eveolution refers to
chnges that occur as a society acquires new tech
which of the following would lenski expecially highlight as bringing about change in society
telephone
today hunting and gathering societies
are close to dissapering from world
in hunting and gathering soceities
men hunt anaimals while women gether vegetation
horticultural societes are those in which
people use simple hadntols to raise crops
assume your are studying a soceitry that has just invented cities has increasing greater specialization
agrarian
compared to an industrial soceity according to marx is
social conflict between class
marx described the widespread beliefs that supported the capitalist economic system as
false conciousness
compared to an industrial society a pose indus is based on
and information based economy
mar called those who own and operte factories and other businesses isn pursuit of profits
bourgeoisie
as the plight of workers became worse marx prefeicted that they would
rise up agaisnt capitalist system
to compare societies at different times in history weber used the term
ideal types
lenski called the indus rev abd marx cakked tge capitalist society
rational socieity
how djd weber describe traditional societies
people pas the same beliefs from gen to the next
according to weber early calvinists were
deeply religous and highly disciplines
durkheim described cultural norms values and beliefs as the __
social facts
which of the following might be a question durkheim would ask about the terrorist attack on 9/11
how might attacks increase bureaucracy and power of govt
durkheims claimed that societies change as ____gives way to ______
mech solidarity; organic solidarity
what concept did durkheim use to refer to social bonds which are stroung among memebers o f industrial society and are based on specialization and mutal independance
organic society
durkheim explained that organic society is based on
specialization and interdependance
who might you thinkg woudl behaving a convo about the right question of what holds sociery together
durkheim
whom might have a convo of how society is divided
marx
if a socio were speaking about class conflict as engine of history who would say this
marx
first type of society to generate a material surplus
horitcultural and pastoral
marx believed that the ndustrial capitalist system was
very productive, concentrating wealth in the hands of few, giving rise to two classes
marx argured that dominiant social instituon is
econmy
weber traced the origins of the capitalist economy in europe to
the protestant reformation
concept used by durkheim to name a condition in which society provieds little guidance to people
anomie