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34 terms

behaviorismEX

STUDY
PLAY
EXPERIENCE
causes learning (change in behavior)
PARSIMONY
one shoudl seek simplest possible solution
ASSOCIATIONISM
mental processing is based on forming connections between ideas and events
LAW OF EFFECT
if the responce leads to a satisfying outcome, it will be done again
THE ENVIRONMENT
behaviorism emphasizes its role
OPERATIONAL DEFINITIONS
defining concepts in terms of observable evets
STIMULUS
anything that affects behavior
RESPONCE
any reaction to a change in the environment
REFLEX
unlearned resopnce to a stimuli
THORNDIKE
developed law of effect
PAVLOV
pioneered classical conditioning
SKINNER
formed operant conditioning
INVOLUNTARY RESPONCE
what classical conditioning focuses on
STIMULUS GENERALIZATION
rendency to respond to origional CS as well as stimuli which are similar
STIMULUS DISCRIMINATION
selective responce to CS but not similar stimuli
SPONTANEOUS RECOVERY
reoccurance of CR when CS is presented (after time)
EXTINCTION
no longer have a CR with the CS paired with the UCS
HIGHER ORDER CONDITIONING
previously established CS is used to create conditioning to a new stimulus
OPERANT CONDITIOINING
learning is change in responce
SKINNER
founder of operant conditioning. best known american behaviorist
RADICAL BEHAVIORISM
watson and skinner mental states are inaccessable and not necessary
REINFORCEMENT
stimulus that follows behavior and increases likelihood of behavior repeating
PUNISHMENT
decreases likelihood of behavior reoccuring
CONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT
every responce followed by reinforcer
FIXED RATIO SCHEDULE
defined by number of responces
VARIABLE RATIO SCHEDULE
reinforcement contingency decined by avg. number of times responce given
EXTINCTIVE DRIFT
tendency for organism to revert to instinctive behavior
PREPAIRED BEHAVIORS
behaviors that can develop with no experience required
CONTRA PREPAIRED BEHAVIORS
contrary to instinct and unlearnable
SPECIES SPECIFIED BEHAVIORS
behaviors like mating, finding food, defense and raising offspring
AUTONOMIC CONDITIONING
conditioning of autonomic responces by means of operant conditioning
PRIMARY REINFORCER
stimulus based on an innate biological significance (food water)
SHAPING
guiding acquisition of new responce by reinforcing success
PARTIAL REINFORCER
reinforcement does not follow every responce