Only $35.99/year

Geography Language

Terms in this set (8)

English is the world's lingua franca due to: population growth, urbanization, global division of labor and technology.

English is the common language of several international domains.

Population growth:
- Considering English to be the global language of the world to this day, having gone from 4 million to 2 billion speakers in only 400 years is almost unrealistic.
- More people are learning the english language as well as it being one's second language in contrast to it being one's first language.
- More people speak english in southeast Asia than both Britain and the USA combined.
- Learnt as a second language in most countries around the world
- considering english being the lingua franca of the world, as the population increases, the english language is bound to increase as well due to the vast majority of the world population who speak it and learn it as a secondary language, will thus result in their children learning it.
- As population increases, as will migration so the language will continue to diffuse wherever they may go.

Urbanization:
- When an area becomes more like a city, there are bound to be more opportunities for people there, such as an education and a job.
- English is taught in most countries of the world as a second language
- For nearly all businesses, in order to get hired one is required to be able to speak English. It is important to have a common language if the business is spread across the world, so the employees and customers are able to communicate with on another through a common language.

Global division of labor:
- As stated previously, if a business is spread out across the world, there must be a common language in order for the people to communicate clearly with one another.

Technology:
- Over 50% of the content languages for websites is in English.
- Not only does the English language have an effect on technology, but technology has an effect on the English language. People are coming up with abbreviations and acronyms for nearly all words, thus having a major influence on the English language, but it still remains the global language.
- Because much of the developers and internet users are English. This can be problematic as people feel like the English language is being forced onto them.
a)
common ancestor:
- While a common ancestor for all Indo-European languages, called proto-Indo-European, cannot be proved conclusively,
- geographers surmise that one existed because all Indo-European languages share common roots for certain words like bee, bear and deer.
- Geographers feels this commonality indicates that these things must have been common sites for people who spoke an origional, shared language.

hearth site:
- Indo-European languages share a common root word for winter and snow, but not for ocean,
- so geographers surmise that the original hearth site must have been cold climate, but not near an ocean.

b)
i)
- Kurgan Hypothesis: The Kurgans lived on steppes between modern Russia and Kazakhstan in 4300 BCE
- Anatolian Hypothesis: The Anatolians lived in eastern Anatolia in modern day Turkey around 6700 BCE

ii)
- Kurgan: The Kurgans were nomadic herders who domesticated cattle and horses. They were dependent on grassland for grazing their herds.
- Anatolian: The Anatolians were agriculturalists who migrated and thrived because they could better support themselves with the food they grew than their competitors.

ii)
- Kurgan: Their migrations in search of grassland took them West (through Europe), East (to Siberia), and southeast (to Iran and South Asia). Kurgan warriors using their horses as weapons of war eventually conquered much of Europe and South Asia.
- Anatolian: Spreading with their agriculture, they spread west into Greece, and then from Greece further west to Italy and the Iberian peninsula and western Europe. They also went north from Greece into the Balkans and then west through central Europe. They eventually pushed into the Kurgan Heath the further west they went.