Literary Elements Quiz

STUDY
PLAY
Antagonist
The force in conflict with the protagonist; Villain
Protagonist
The central character; Only one hero!
Static Characters
Characters that do not experience basic changes during the course of the story
Dynamic Characters
Characters that experience changes throughout the plot of a story. Although the change may be sudden, it is expected based on the story's events
Round Characters
Characters that are described in depth, with many details. If you feel like you really know the character, they are likely to be round characters. NOTE: just because a character is round, does not mean they are also dynamic
Flat Characters
Characters that are not described well, and that readers are not given much information about
Characterization
The process by which the writer reveals the personality, or traits, of a character
Direct characterization
The writer tells the audience what the personality of a character is
Indirect characterization
The writer shows things that reveal the personality of a character. Use the mnemonic device STEAL to remember the 5 types of indirect characterization
S
Speech
T
Thoughts
E
Effect on others
A
Actions
L
Looks
Setting
The time, place, and environment of the story
Characters
The people, animals, or science fiction/ fantasy beings that act and are acted upon throughout the story
Plot
The sequence of events that take place in the story. It's the "what happened" of the story
Plot points
The specific step-by- step events that make up what is happening in the story
Exposition
Introduction to the setting, key characters, and potential underlying problems/ conflicts
Inciting action/ incident
An event or decision that sets the rest of the story into action. The plot picks up momentum
Rising action
Characters are developed, conflicts become more complicated, and THINGS HAPPEN. Usually, this is the largest part of the story, leading up to the climax
Climax
The turning point, or moment of greatest tension. At this point/ scene, the major conflict erupts- usually near the end of the story
Falling action
Directly after the climax; a short series of events, like a kind of "cleaning up." It gives necessary insight of what happened after the climax, and leads directly into the resolution. No new conflicts
Resolution
Where everything ends. It is the way in which the main conflict is ultimately resolved, though not necessarily solved. A resolution may not always have a happy ending, but the reader has a sense of closure. Untying the knot (climax)
Internal conflict
When the conflict takes place within the characters mind. It is a mental, emotional, or moral struggle that a character goes through before making a decision. It is also referred to as: CHARACTER VS. SELF
Character vs. self
Protagonist struggles within himself or herself. The protagonist is pulled by two courses of action or by conflicting emotions
External conflict
When the conflict takes place between a character and someone or something else; it could be another person, animal, force of nature, technology, even death. Specific examples include: CHARACTER VS. CHARACTER, CHARACTER VS. SOCIETY, and CHARACTER VS. NATURE
Character vs. character
Protagonist against another people
Character vs. society
Protagonist is in a conflict with the values of his or her society (Example: Katniss vs. the Capitol)
Character vs. nature
Protagonist is threatened by an element of nature (Example: brain versus the forest forest animals, weather, and struggle to survive
Theme
The universal message about life that the author wants us to think about as a result of reading the story. It is the underlying meaning of the story; it is the bridge between the world of the story and reality. Themes must be clearly stated. They specify overall ideas, or subjects embedded within the story. Themes can be applied to the readers own life, the world, or other literature
Mood
The emotional reaction a reader has when they read a text
Tone
An author's attitude towards the subject
Irony
When the opposite happens then what is expected
Situational irony
Opposite of what you expect happens
Dramatic irony
You know something more than the character
Verbal irony
Says one thing but means the opposite
Sarcasm
Verbal irony + attitude
P.O.V
The perspective from which a story is told
1st person
I/My
2nd person
You
3rd person
Narrator (he/she/they)
3rd person omniscient
All knowing
3rd person limited
Limited understanding
Connotation
The feeling you get from a word
Dennotation
Dictionary definition
Unreliable Narrator
A narrator that says one thing but actually feels or does another thing
Diologue
The speech that is used to convey conversations between characters