Terms in this set (30)
The person who is on trial. The accused
The defendant and his or her legal team/(lawyers).
The lawyers who are trying to prove a defendant guilty.
Is open disrespect of a court or judge
To clear someone of all charges by verdict of not guilty.
"To release or free"
To judge someone to be guilty in a court of law.
A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly.
The decision of a jury or a judge
Guilty or not guilty
The punishment ordered by a court for a defendant convicted of a crime.
Murder that was committed after planning or lying in wait for the victim.
It was well thought out, usually in advance, and was carried out willfully.
Presumption of Innocence
In the US a person is innocent until proven guilty.
Any legitimate question of a person's guilt.
A jury must be absolutely sure in order to convict.
Burden of Proof
The obligation to establish a fact by proof
The obligation to offer evidence that the court or jury could reasonably believe.
This is the prosecutor's responsibility.
evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries
Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the judge or jury to decide the case for one side or the other
evidence that relies on inferences, evidence that allows for different interpretations.
evidence sufficient to establish a situation as true or to produce belief in its truth
to cause someone to appear guilty of a crime by accusing or presenting proof.
to face someone or something
to hinder; to impede; to block the course of...
Right to an attorney, right to confront one's accuser, right to a jury of peers.
A person who helps another commit a crime
when the jury takes time to think about or discuss issues and the decisions carefully.
A decision is unanimous when the full jury in a criminal case has agreed upon the verdict.
a claim that you cannot be guilty of a crime because you were somewhere else when the crime was committed.
to avoid doing something
the process or result of using laws to fairly judge and punish crimes and criminals
when a jury cannot come to a unanimous decision, forcing the judge to declare a mistrial, sometimes called a "deadlock" jury. If this occurs, the trial must be retired.
a law states that a person cannot be tried twice for the same crime; this means that if a defendant is acquitted, that person cannot be tried again for the same crime, even if new evidence arises that proves that person guilty
promoting fair treatment of and opportunity for people regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, age, disability, etc...